Avanti, aka: Āvantī, Āvanti, Avantī; 11 Definition(s)


Avanti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[Avanti in Rasashastra glossaries]

Avantī (अवन्ती):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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[Avanti in Purana glossaries]

Avanti (अवन्ति).—A country called Mālava in ancient India. The famous Ujjayinī was the capital of Avanti. This city is situated on the bank of Śiprā. The renowned poets such as Kālidāsa and others, lived in this city. This is one of the seven cities considered to be capable of giving Mokṣa (heavenly bliss). (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 43).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Avanti (अवन्ति).——(c)—a kingdom: Here there was a Brāhmaṇa miser who lost all his wealth and the love of his kith and kin, and who became ultimately an ascetic. Though illtreated by the public as a thief, he never took notice of it, and ever meditating on Hari, attained release.1 The dvijas of, became Vrātyas after Puramjaya's days.2 The people of, were enlisted by Jarāsandha against the Yadus.3 Here is Mahākālavana where Rudra vanquished Andhaka who sought to abduct Pārvatī;4 ruled by Śūdras and Ābhīras.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 23. 6-62.
  • 2) Ib. XII. 1. 38.
  • 3) Ib. X. [50 (V) 3]; XI. 23. 6.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 179. 5.
  • 5) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 68; Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 38.

1b) A R. from the Pāriyātra, of the Bhāratavarṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 98; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 24.

1c) A Vindhya tribe: attacked Paraśurāma and were defeated; Jayadhvaja established at; one of the five gaṇas of Haihayas;1 a king of, married Āhukī, sister of Āhuka.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 65; III. 39. 11; 69. 50 and 52; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 46; 114. 54.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 128; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 70.

2) Avantī (अवन्ती).—A son of Arjuna (Kārtavīrya).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 43. 46.

3) Āvanti (आवन्ति).—A tribe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 36.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Avanti in Natyashastra glossaries]

1) Āvantī (आवन्ती) refers to one of the four pravṛtti (‘local usage’); it is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 6. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world.

2) Avantī (अवन्ती) refers to a country pertaining to the above (āvantī) local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. It is also known by the name Āvantika. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

3) Āvantī (आवन्ती) refers to one of the seven “major dialects” (bhāṣā) in language, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 18. It is also known by the name Avantijā. Accordingly, “Āvantī is the language of gallant crooks (dhūrta)”.

4) Avanti (अवन्ति).—In the “extraneous representation” (āhāryābhinaya) of dramatic plays, the young women of Avanti are to have curling hairs, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[Avanti in Kavya glossaries]

Avanti (अवन्ति).—The ancient name for Malwa, now the western part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. Avanti is a very ancient kingdom, mentioned in the Mahābhārata as one of the 16 great kingdoms—mahā-janapada. In the time of Gautama Buddha (sixth century BC), it was very powerful under its ruler Pradyota; JUjjayinī was its captial. Avanti was a rich kingdom because of its overseas trade which passed through Ujjayinī.

(Source): Google Books: The Loom of Time (by Kalidasa)

Avantī (अवन्ती) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The region of which Ujjain was the capital. It is the kingdom of Vikramāditya and probably Rājaśekhara’s wife (Avantī sundari) belongs to this region.

(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Avanti in Itihasa glossaries]

Avanti (अवन्ति) refers to the name of a Deśa (country) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.87.1, V.19.24). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Avanti) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Avanti in Theravada glossaries]

One of the four great monarchies in the time of the Buddha, the other three being Magadha, Kosala and Vamsa (or Vatsa).

Avanti is also mentioned among the sixteen Mahajanapada (A.i.213; iv.252, 256, 260).

Its capital was Ujjeni. But according to another account (D.ii.235), Mahissati is mentioned as having been, at least for some time, the capital of Avanti. It is quite likely that ancient Avanti was divided into two parts, the northern part having its capital at Ujjeni and the southern part (also called Avanti Dakkhinapatha) at Mahissati (Mahismati) (Bhandarkar: Carmichael Lectures (1918), p.54). This theory is supported by the fact that in the Mahabharata (ii.31, 10), Avanti and Mahismati are referred to as two different countries.

In the Buddhas time, the King of Avanti was Pajjota, a man of violent temper (Vin.i.277), and therefore known as Canda Pajjota. He wished to conquer the neighbouring kingdom of Kosambi, of which Udena was king, but his plans did not work out as he had anticipated. Instead, his daughter Vasuladatta became Udenas wife and the two countries continued to be on friendly terms. The romantic story of this marriage is given in DhA.i.191ff. For a summary see Vasuladatta.

The kingdom of Assaka is invariably mentioned in connection with Avanti. Even in the Buddhas life time, Avanti became a centre of Buddhism. Among eminent monks and nuns who were either born or resided there, are to be found

Maha Kaccana Nanda Kumaraputta Sona Kutikanna Dhammapala Abhayarajakumara Isidatta and Isidasi

It is said that when Pajjota heard of the Buddhas advent to the world, he sent his chaplains son, Kaccana, with seven others, to invite him to Avanti.

Having listened to the Buddhas teaching, the messengers became arahants, and when Kaccana conveyed to the Buddha the kings invitation to Avanti, he was asked by the Buddha to return and represent him. Kaccana returned to Avanti and converted Pajjota to the faith of the Buddha (ThagA.i.485). Henceforward Maha Kaccana seems to have spent a good deal of his time in Avanti, dwelling in the city of Kuraraghara in the Papata Pabbata (S.iii.9, 12; iv.115-16; A.v.46; also UdA.307).

The religion thus introduced, however, does not seem to have spread to any extent until much later; for we find Maha Kaccana experiencing great difficulty in collecting ten monks, in order that Sona Kutikanna might receive the higher Ordination; in fact it was not until three years had elapsed that he succeeded (Vin.i.195). Later, when Sona Kutikanna visited the Buddha at Savatthi, he conveyed to the Buddha Maha Kaccanas request that special rules might be laid down for the convenience of the monks of Avanti Dakkhinapatha and of, other border countries (Vin.i.197-8). The Buddha agreed,

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Avanti in Jainism glossaries]

Avanti (अवन्ति) roughly corresponds to modern Mālwa, Nimār, and adjoining parts of Central provinces. The caitya of Abhinandanadeva, son of king Sambara, was in the village of Meda in Mālava. Once a host of Mleccha troops invaded the place and broke the temple along with the image of Abhinandanadeva. After many days a merchant named Vaija came here from Dhāraḍa. He was a very pious man who would not eat anything until he finished worshipping the deity. The Medas showed him the broken figure of Abhinandanadeva. He began to wroship it, and resolved not to take any meal until it became an unbroken entity. Then as per injunction received in a dream, he anointed the image with sandal paste, in consequence of which it became an unbroken whole. He installed it on an altar under the Pippala tree.

(Source): archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Avanti in Marathi glossaries]

avanti (अवंति) [or अवंतिका, avantikā].—f (S) A city, Ougein. This is one of the seven sacred cities, death at which introduces into eternal happiness. These seven are ayōdhyā, mathurā, māyā, kāśī, kāñcī, avanti, dvārakā.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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Avantipura (अवन्तिपुर) or Avantīpura (अवन्तीपुर).—the city of Avanti उज्जयिनी (ujjayinī). Deriv...
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1) Vinda (विन्द).—One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Droṇa...
Mālava probably correspond to the Greek Malloi.—The Malloi of the Greek chronicles have been id...
1) Padmāvatī (पद्मावती).—A river which is the incarnation of Mahālakṣmī. (See under Gaṅgā).2) P...
Āvantikā (आवन्तिका).—Daughter of Yaugandharāyaṇa, a famous character in the story of Udayana. (...
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Andhaka (अन्धक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.221, II.48.42, III.48.18, VI.20....
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