Pat, Paṭ, Pāṭ, Pāt: 10 definitions

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Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṭ (पट्).—I. 1 P. (paṭati) To go or move. -Caus. or 1 U. (pāṭayati-te)

1) To split, cleave, tear up, tear asunder, tear open, divide; कंचिन्मध्यात् पाटयामास दन्ती (kaṃcinmadhyāt pāṭayāmāsa dantī) Śi.18.51; दत्त्वर्णं पाटयेल्लेखम् (dattvarṇaṃ pāṭayellekham) Y.2.94; Mk.9.

2) To break, break open; अन्यासु भित्तिषु मया निशि पाटितासु (anyāsu bhittiṣu mayā niśi pāṭitāsu) Mk.3.14.

3) To pierce, prick, penetrate; दर्भपाटिततलेन पाणिना (darbhapāṭitatalena pāṇinā) R.11.31.

4) To remove, eradicate.

5) To pluck out.

6) To shine.

7) To speak. -II. 1. U. (paṭayati-te)

1) To string or weave; कुविन्दस्त्वं तावत् पटयसि गुणग्राममभितः (kuvindastvaṃ tāvat paṭayasi guṇagrāmamabhitaḥ) K. P.7.

2) To clothe, envelop.

3) To surround, encircle.

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Pat (पत्).—I. 1 P. (patati, patita)

1) To fall, fall down, come down, descend, drop down, alight; अवाङ्मुखस्योपरि पुष्पवृष्टिः पपात विद्याधरहस्तमुक्ता (avāṅmukhasyopari puṣpavṛṣṭiḥ papāta vidyādharahastamuktā) R.2.6; वृष्टिर्भवने चास्य पेतुषी (vṛṣṭirbhavane cāsya petuṣī) 1.77; (reṇuḥ) पतति परिणतारुणप्रकाशः शलभसमूह इवाश्रमद्रुमेषु (patati pariṇatāruṇaprakāśaḥ śalabhasamūha ivāśramadrumeṣu) Ś.1.31; Me.17; Bk.7.9;21.6.

2) To fly, move through the air, soar; हन्तुं कलहकारोऽसौ शब्दकारः पपात खम् (hantuṃ kalahakāro'sau śabdakāraḥ papāta kham) Bk.5.1; see पतत् (patat) below.

3) To set, sink (below the horizon); सोऽयं सोमः पतति गगनादल्पशेषमैर्यूखैः (so'yaṃ somaḥ patati gaganādalpaśeṣamairyūkhaiḥ) Ś.4.2 v. l.; पतत्पतङ्गप्रतिमस्तपो- निधिः (patatpataṅgapratimastapo- nidhiḥ) Śi.1.12.

4) To cast oneself at, throw oneself down, मयि ते पादपतिते किंकरत्वमुपागते (mayi te pādapatite kiṃkaratvamupāgate) Pt.4.7; so चरणपतितम् (caraṇapatitam) Me.15;

5) To fall (in a moral sense), lose one's caste, forfeit one's rank or position, fall off; परधर्मेण जीवन् हि सद्यः पतति जातितः (paradharmeṇa jīvan hi sadyaḥ patati jātitaḥ) Ms.1.97;3.16;5.19;9.2; Y.1. 38.

6) To come down (as from heaven); पतन्ति पितरो ह्येषां लुप्तपिण्डोदकक्रियाः (patanti pitaro hyeṣāṃ luptapiṇḍodakakriyāḥ) Bg.1.42.

7) To fall, be reduced to wretchedness or misery; प्रायः कन्दुकपातेनोत्पतत्यार्यः पतन्नपि (prāyaḥ kandukapātenotpatatyāryaḥ patannapi) Bh.2.123.

8) To go down into hell, go to perdition; Ms.11.37; प्रसक्ताः कामभोगेषु पतन्ति नरकेऽशुचौ (prasaktāḥ kāmabhogeṣu patanti narake'śucau) Bg.16.16.

9) To fall, occur, come to pass, take place; लक्ष्मीर्यत्र पतन्ति तत्र विवृतद्वारा इव व्यापदः (lakṣmīryatra patanti tatra vivṛtadvārā iva vyāpadaḥ) Subhāṣ.

1) To be directed to, light or fall upon (with loc.); प्रसादसौम्यानि सतां सुहृज्जने पतन्ति चक्षूंषि न दारुणाः शराः (prasādasaumyāni satāṃ suhṛjjane patanti cakṣūṃṣi na dāruṇāḥ śarāḥ) Ś.6.29.

11) To fall to one's lot or share.

12) To be in, fall in or into. -Caus. (pātayati-te, patayati rarely)

1) To cause to fall down, descend or sink &c.; निपतन्ती पतिमप्यपातयत् (nipatantī patimapyapātayat) R.8.38;9.61;11.76.

2) To let fall, throw or drop down, fell down (as trees &c.).

3) To ruin, overthrow; व्यपदेशमाविलयितुं किमीहसे जनमिमं च पातयितुम् (vyapadeśamāvilayituṃ kimīhase janamimaṃ ca pātayitum) Ś.5. 21.

4) To shed (as tears).

5) To cast, direct (as the sight).

6) To dash or strike out.

7) To throw or put in, cause to enter.

8) To bring to ruin or misfortune.

9) To depreciate, lower the value of anything; अर्घतः पातिताः (arghataḥ pātitāḥ) Bh.2.15.

1) (In arith.) To subtract, deduct.

11) To set in motion, set on foot. -Desid. (pipatiṣati or pitsati) To wish to fall. -II. 4.Ā. (patyate) Ved.

1) To be master of.

2) To rule, control.

3) To possess.

4) To be fit for, serve for (with dat.) -III. 1. U. (patayati-te)

1) To go, move.

2) To be master of (intransitive).

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Pāṭ (पाट्).—ind. An interjection used in calling.

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Pāt (पात्).—a. Protecting, guarding. -m.

1) Falling.

2) Sin.

3) A guardian.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭ (पट्).—[paṭa] r. 1st cl. (paṭati) To go, to move. r. 10th cl. (paṭayati-te) 1. To string. 2. To surround or encompass. 3. To share, to portion, to distribute. (pāṭayati-te) 1. To speak. 2. To shine. With ut prefixed, To pluck up, to eradicate, to destroy utterly. With vi, To fly, to run away. gatau bhvā0 para0 saka0 seṭ . dīptau0 cū0 ubha0 aka0 seṭ . veṣṭane, ada0 cu0 ubha0 saka0 seṭ .

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Pat (पत्).—[(ḷ)patḷ] r. 1st. cl. (patati) r. 10th cl. (patayati-te or pātayati-te) 1. To go, to move, but especially downwards, as, to fall, to descend, to alight. 2. To possess supreme or superhuman power. r. 4th cl. (patyate) To be rich or powerful. With ati prefixed. To excel or surpass. With abhi or ava, To descend. With āṅ, To arrive, to come. With ut, To ascend. With ni 1. To gain or get. 2. To happen. With nira, To abscond. With pari, 1. To go fast. 2. To be valuable. With pra and ni, To fall prostrate, to salute, to worship. With vi and nira, To turn, to turn back. With sam, 1. To go with. 2. To gain. With āṅ, To purify or cleanse. With sam and un, To fly. With sam and ni, To go forth or out. gatau ada0 cu0 ubha0 saka0 aiśye0 aka seṭ . aiśye di0 ā0 aka0 seṭ . gatau bhvā0 para0 saka0 aiśye aka0 jvalā0 seṭ .

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Pāṭ (पाट्).—ind. A vocative particle or interjection used in calling. E. paṭ to go, in the causal form, aff. ṇic kvip .

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Pāt (पात्).—m. (-pāt) 1. Falling. 2. Sin, wickedness. E. pat to fall, aff. kkipa, and the radical vowel made long.

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Pāt (पात्).—mfn. (-pān-pāntī-pāt) Who or what defends or preserves, a guardian, a protector, &c. E. to preserve, aff. śatṛ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭ (पट्).—† i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] To go, to move. i. 10, pāṭaya, 1. † To speak, or to shine. 2. To split, to divide, Mahābhārata 3, 16747; 882. 3. To break, to breach, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 47, 16. 4. To tear, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 20, 21. 5. To pluck out, 28, 21. 6. To cause to be torn up, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 94. † 7. i. 10, paṭaya, To string, to surround.

— With the prep. ava ava, pāṭaya, To split, [Suśruta] 1, 32, 12.

— With ā ā, pāṭaya, To split, [Suśruta] 2, 22, 19.

— With ud ud, pāṭaya, 1. To tear out, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 69. 2. To slit up, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 432. 3. To open, [Pañcatantra] 222, 5. 4. To destroy, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 88, 19. 5. To remove, 6, 37, 87. 6. To dethrone, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 298.

— With samud sam-ud, pāṭaya, 1. To tear out, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 39, 23. 2. To draw out, [Devīmāhātmya, (ed. Poley.)] 2, 20. 3. To dethrone, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 286.

— With vini vi-ni, pāṭaya, To split, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 7, 16.

— With vi vi, pāṭaya, 1. To split, Mahābhārata 12, 591. 2. To tear, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 4310. 3. To uproot, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 477. 4. To open, 3, 482 (to bring on).

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Pat (पत्).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.]), 1. To fly, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 6, 39. 2. To descend, to set, Mahābhārata 6. 480. 3. To fall down, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 15, 35. 4. To alight, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 349. 5. To fall, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 141; figuratively, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] Suppl. 14. 6. To be deprived of one’s caste or rank, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 16. 7. To fall on, Mahābhārata 3, 2199. 8. To devolve upon, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 22, 20. 9. To happen, [Pañcatantra] 232, 25. Ptcple. of the pres. patant, m. A bird, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 13, 19. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. patita, Sprung from, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 240. n. Flying, Mahābhārata 8, 1910. Comp. Sāvitrī-, m. a man of the three first classes, not invested at the proper time with the sacrificial cord, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 39.

— Ptcple. of the fut. pass., 1. pataniya, n. A degrading crime, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 298. 2. patitavya, n. Going to hell, Mahābhārata 12, 3668. [Causal.] pātaya, 1. To cause to descend, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 74. 2. To cause to fall down, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 74, 13. 3. To dash out, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 5, 21. 4. To throw, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 82, 93. 5. To inflict, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 126. 6. To shed, Mahābhārata 7, 4912. 7. To cause to enter, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 56. 8. To set (fire to), [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 166. 9. To direct, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 7, 11. 10. To ruin, 6, 94, 19. 11. To cause to sin, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 117. 12. To throw one’s self, Mahābhārata 1, 6752.

— With the prep. ati ati, To neglect. Comp. ptcple. of the fut. pass. an-atipātya, Not to be neglected, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 60, 17. [Causal.] 1. To deprive something of its effect, [Suśruta] 1, 146, 12. 2. To kill, 2, 266, 13.

— With anu anu, 1. To fly along or in, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 11, 5. 2. To follow, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 7. [Causal.] To cause somebody to fall down with one’s self, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 75, 4 Gorr.

— With abhi abhi, 1. To fly near, to run near, especially with the intention of assailing, Mahābhārata 3, 550. 2. To fall down to (acc.), [Arjunasamāgama] 10, 30. 3. To be shed, Mahābhārata 7, 6287. 4. To overtake, Mahābhārata 8, 1910. [Causal.] 1. To cast on somebody (acc.), [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 13902. 2. To cast down, Mahābhārata 6, 1684.

— With samabhi sam-abhi, To assail, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 41, 34.

— With ava ava, 1. To fly down, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 66, 14. 2. To jump down, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 15949. 3. To fall down, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 28, 12. keśa-kīṭa-avapatita, On which lice have fallen, Mahābhārata 13, 1577. [Causal.] To throw down, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 25, 42.

— With ā ā, 1. To fly near, to run near, especially with the intention of assailing, Mahābhārata 1, 5965. 2. To fall down, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 3, 202. 3. To appear unexpectedly, Mahābhārata 3, 2564. 4. To strike unexpectedly, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 62, 16. 5. To befall, 6, 100, 5. 6. To come to one’s share, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 20, 213. 7. To happen. [Causal.] 1. To throw down, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 7, 8, 29. 2. To kill, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 5598. 3. To shed, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 229.

— With abhyā abhi-ā, 1. To run near, Mahābhārata 4, 807. 2. To assail, 4, 1041.

— With paryā pari-ā, To run away, Mahābhārata 8, 4964.

— With samā sam-ā, 1. To fly near, Mahābhārata 5, 7213. 2. To hasten near. 3. To assail. 4. To obtain, Mahābhārata 1, 7213. 5. To have sexual intercourse, Mahābhārata 1, 2461.

— With ud ud, 1. To fly upwards, Mahābhārata 1, 1335. 2. To jump upwards, to start up, 1, 6019. 3. To hasten out of (with abl.), Mahābhārata 12, 5224. 4. To come out, 6, 5785. 5. To be set up (as a cry), Mahābhārata 1, 6111.

— With anūd anu-ud, To start up, to get up after somebody (acc.), [Rāmāyaṇa] 5 64, 24.

— With abhyud abhi-ud, 1. To fly upwards to (acc.), [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 22, 144. 2. To start up, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 4114.

— With samud sam-ud, 1. To fly up together, Mahābhārata 3, 2093. 2. To start up together, 1, 7005. 3. To assail, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 315. 4. To ascend, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 74, 35. 5. To rush out of, Mahābhārata 7, 4656. 6. To gush out of, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 7068. samutpatita, 1. Springing upwards, [Pañcatantra] ed. orn. i. [distich] 108. 2. Sprung up, Mahābhārata 1, 3320. 3. Disappeared, Pañc i. [distich] 212.

— With upa upa, To hasten to, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 7, 2, 31.

— With ni ni, 1. To fly down, Mahābhārata 1, 2094. 2. To descend, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 9611. 3. To fall down, Mahābhārata 13, 1501. 4. To tumble down, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 18, 7. 5. To assail, Mahābhārata 4, 1572. 6. To rush in, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1170. 7. To empty one’s self into, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 10, 27. 8. To fall on, Mahābhārata 1, 7708. 9. To fall into, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 82. 10. To take place, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 47. [Causal.] 1. To cause to fall down, to cause a stick to fall on somebody, i. e. to smite somebody, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 146. 2. To cast down, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 3, 1. 3. To cast, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 5, 217. 4. To drop, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 2, 10. 5. To inlay with, Mahābhārata 4, 1325. 6. To spit out, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 438. 7. To direct to, Mārk. P. 61, 41. 8. To kill, Mahābhārata 14, 98. 9. To levy (as tribute) from (abl.), Mahābhārata 12, 3313. 10. To set up as anomalous (in grammar).

— With abhini abhi-ni, [Causal.] To throw down, Mahābhārata 8, 3040.

— With praṇi pra-ni, 1. To fall prostrate, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 205. 2. To bow respectfully to (acc. dat. and loc.), Mahābhārata 4, 2131. [Causal.] To induce to fall prostrate, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 39, 16.

— With vini vi -ni, 1. To fly down, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 4, 18. 2. To fall headlong, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3650. 3. To attack suddenly, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 22, 62. 4. To fall in, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 3, 33. [Causal.] 1. To cause to fall down, Mārk. P. 75, 55. 2. To cop off, Mahābhārata 1, 5279. 3. To inflict, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 75, 14 Gorr. 4. To kill, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 127. 5. To ruin, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 94, 23.

— With saṃni sam-ni, 1. To fly down, Mahābhārata 5, 2462. 2. To descend, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 62, 10. 3. To perish, Mahābhārata 7, 434. 4. To assemble, to meet, Mahābhārata 3, 14899. 5. To appear, Mahābhārata 12, 6676. [Causal.] 1. To cause to fall down, Mahābhārata 7, 7488. 2. To shoot, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 42, 8. 3. To cause to assemble, to convoke, Mahābhārata 3, 2162.

— With nis nis, 1. To fly out of (abl.), [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 166. 2. To rush out, [Arjunasamāgama] 10, 62. 3. To come out, Mahābhārata 14, 1836. 4. To depart from, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 55. 5. To spring from, 12, 15. 6. To fly away. [Causal.] To ruin, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 75, 15.

— With abhinis abhi-nis, To rush out, Mahābhārata 6, 2434.

— With vinis vi-nis, 1. To fly out, Mahābhārata 5, 269. 2. To rush out, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 19, 4. 3. To fall out, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 31, 19. 4. To run away, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 106.

— With parā parā, 1. To fly away, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 20, 24. 2. To fail, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 117, 8.

— With pari pari, 1. To fly about, Mahābhārata 1, 1391. 2. To run about, 8, 707. 3. To jump down, 7, 757. 4. To assail, [Arjunasamāgama] 8, 30. 5. To fall, Mahābhārata 3, 2791. [Causal.] 1. To shoot down, Mahābhārata 6, 2687. 2. To shoot off, 6, 1852. 3. To throw in, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 155, 8.

— With pra pra, 1. To fly away, Mahābhārata 5, 1753. 2. To fly, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 8266. 3. To run away, Mahābhārata 7, 676. 4. To fall down, Mahābhārata 3, 16038. 5. To strike, Mahābhārata 4, 1788. 6. To fall into, Mahābhārata 2, 2159. 7. To be deprived (abl.), 14, 2737. [Causal.] 1. To put to flight, Mahābhārata 1, 7632. 2. To pursue, 13, 2047.

— With prati prati, To hasten to meet, 4, 2110.

— With vi vi, [Causal.] 1. To discharge (arrows), Mahābhārata 4, 1862. 2. To kill, Mahābhārata 7, 6149.

— With sam sam, 1. To meet, [Indralokāgamana] 1, 36. 2. To fly to (acc.), [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 12684. 3. To hasten to, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 36, 43. 4. To obtain, Mahābhārata 12, 6737. 5. To fly, 4, 1776. 6. To walk, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 125, 20 Gorr. 7. To fly down, Mahābhārata 6, 3789. 8. To fall down, 1, 1387. 9. To happen, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 11739. [Causal.] 1. To throw, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 18, 50. 2. To throw down, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 26, 28.

— With abhisam abhi-sam, 1. To hasten to, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 60, 16. 2. To assail, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 12545. 3. To fly about, Mahābhārata 7, 7295.

— Cf. [Latin] Penna (i. e. pet + na); [Old High German.] fedara; cf. patra; also (i. e. reduplicat. ), [Latin] petere, impetrare, etc.

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Pat (पत्).— (probably a [denominative.] derived from pati), i. 4, [Ātmanepada.] To be powerful, to possess.

— Cf. [Latin] potiri.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭ (पट्).—paṭati split, burst, open ([intransitive]). [Causative] pāṭayati cause to split etc., break asunder, rend, tear, cut off, hurt, injure.

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Pat (पत्).—patati (patate) [participle] patita (q.v.) fly, soar, rush; come down, descend, fall or sink (lit. & [figuratively] ±adhas), lose caste, rank, or position; fall or light upon ([locative]); incur or get into ([locative]); come to pass, happen. [Causative] pātayati, patati (te), [participle] patita (q.v.) fly, soar, rush; come down, descend, fall or sink (lit. & [figuratively] ±adhas), lose caste, rank, or position; fall or light upon ([locative]); incur or get into ([locative]); come to pass, happen. [Causative] pātayate (& patayati q.v.) cause to fly or fall, pour out or shed (water, tears, etc.); hurl, cast, throw; put, turn, direct to, impose or inflict upon ([locative]); throw down, fell, ruin, cut off or asunder, divide (dvedhā); [Middle] rush on, hasten. [Desiderative] pipatiṣati & pitsati being about to fly or to fall in.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṭ (पट्):—[class] 1. [Parasmaipada] paṭati, to go, move, [Dhātupāṭha ix, 9];

—to flow ([perfect tense] papāṭa), [Śiśupāla-vadha vi, 72];

—to split, open, burst asunder (intr.), [Harṣacarita];

— [class] 10. or [Causal] paṭayati, to string together, wrap (granthe, or veṣṭane; cf. paṭa), [Dhātupāṭha xxxv, 5];

pāṭayati, to speak or shine, [Dhātupāṭha xxxiii, 79];

ti or ([Mahābhārata]) te, to split, burst (trans.), cleave, tear, pierce, break, pluck out, remove, [Upaniṣad; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.:—[Passive voice] pātyate, to split, burst, open (intr.), [Suśruta]

2) Pat (पत्):—1. pat [class] 4. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxvi, 50]) patyate, to be master, reign, rule, govern, control, own, possess, dispose of ([accusative] or [instrumental case]), [Ṛg-veda];

2) —to partake of, share in ([locative case]), [ib.];

2) —to be fit or serve for ([dative case]), [ib.]

3) [Prob. [Nominal verb] of pati; cf. [Latin] potiri.]

4) 2. pat [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xx, 15]) patati ([Epic] also te; [perfect tense] papāta, paptima, petatur, paptur; paptivas, [Ṛg-veda]; papatyāt, [Atharva-veda]; [Aorist] apaptat, [Ṛg-veda]; [Passive voice] apāti, [Brāhmaṇa]; [future] patiṣ-yati, [Atharva-veda]; te, patitā, [Mahābhārata]; [Conditional] apatiṣyat, [Brāhmaṇa]; [infinitive mood] patitum, [ib.] etc. etc.; [indeclinable participle] patitvā, [Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa]; -patya or -pātam, [Brāhmaṇa]),

—to fly, soar, rush on [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to fall down or off, alight, descend (with [accusative] or [locative case]), fall or sink (with or without adhas or narake, ‘to go down to hell’; with caraṇau or ṇayoḥ, ‘to fall at a person’s feet’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to fall (in a moral sense), lose caste or rank or position, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] etc.;

—to light or fall upon, fall to a person’s share ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to fall or get into or among ([locative case]), [Kathāsaritsāgara; Hitopadeśa];

—to occur, come to pass, happen, [Pañcatantra] :—[Causal] patayati, to fly or move rapidly along, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā];

—to speed (trans.; cf. patayat);

te, to drive away or throw down (?), [Ṛg-veda i, 169, 7];—pātayati ([Epic] also te; [Aorist] apīpatat, [Atharva-veda]; [Passive voice] pātyate, [Mahābhārata] etc.),

—to let fly or cause to fall, to fling, hurl, throw, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.;

—to lay low, bring down ([literally] and [figuratively]), overthrow, ruin, destroy, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. to throw upon or in, lay on ([locative case]), [Kāvya literature; Suśruta];

— (with or [scilicet] ātmānam) to throw one’s self, [Mahābhārata; Mṛcchakaṭikā];

—to cut off (a head), [Harivaṃśa];

—to knock out (teeth), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to pour out or shed (water, tears), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa];

—to kindle (fire), [Pañcatantra];

—to cast (dice), [Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara];

—to turn, direct, fix (eyes), [Rāmāyaṇa];

—to impose or inflict (punishment), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya];

—to set in motion, set on foot, [Rājataraṅgiṇī v, 173];

—to seduce to, betray into ([locative case]), [Kathāsaritsāgara];

— (with dvedhā) to divide in two, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa];

—to subtract, [Jyotiṣa [Scholiast or Commentator]];

— ([Ātmanepada]) to rush on, hasten, [Ṛg-veda viii, 46, 8] :—[Desiderative] pipatiṣati ([Atharva-veda; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]) and pitsati ([Pāṇini 7-4, 54]), to be about to fly or fall:—[Intensive] panīpatyate or pātīti, [Pāṇini 7-4, 84.]

5) cf. [Zend] pat; [Greek] πέτομαι, πί-πτω; [Latin] peto.

6) 3. pat mfn. flying, falling (ifc.; cf. akṣi-pat).

7) [from pad] 4. pat in [compound] for 3. pad.

8) Pāṭ (पाट्):—ind. an interjection used in calling, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([gana] cādi).

9) Pāt (पात्):—m. (√pat) falling

10) sin, wickedness, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṭ (पट्):—paṭati 1. a. To go or move. (ka) paṭayati 10. a. To string, surround, distribute. pāṭayati to speak; to shine. With vi to run away.

2) Pat (पत्):—(ḷ) patati 1. a. (ka) patayati, pātayati 10. a. To go, to move; to fall; to be superhuman. (ya, ṅa) patyate 4. d. To be rich. With ati prefixed, to excel; abhi or ava to descend; ā to arrive; ut to ascend; ni to gain; nir to abscond; pari to go fast, be valuable; saṃ to go with, to gain; pra and ni to fall prostrate; vi and nir to turn back; saṃ and ā to purify; saṃ and ut to fly; saṃ and ni to go out.

3) Pāṭ (पाट्):—Interj. Oh.

4) Pāt (पात्):—(t) 1. m. Falling; sin.

5) [(pāna-pānto-pāta) a.] Defending.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pat (पत्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paḍa, Visaṭṭa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pat in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Pat in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a garment, piece of cloth covering; screen; an allomorph of [patta] meaning favourite, principal (as [patarani]); a door leaf; tail (of a coin); sound of falling or breaking or beating; septa; groomed lock of hair; (a) lying flat, upside down; ineffective, waste (land); effaced, wiped out; ~[katha] screen play; ~[kara] a fabric worker; weaver; ~[pata] recurrent sound of ~[pata; ~mamdapa] pavilion; ~[rani] the queen consort, the principal wife of a king; —[ughadana/khulana] the door leaves to (be thrown) open; —[padana] to lie face downwards; (a venture) to come to a standstill; to be slackened/closed down; —[bamda hona] the door leaves to be shut; —[hona] to come to a nought, to be ruined..—pat (पट) is alternatively transliterated as Paṭa.

2) Pat in Hindi refers in English to:——an allomorph of [patta] used as the first member of compound words; (nf) honour, dignity; ~[jhada/jhara] the fall, autumn; defoliation; —[utha jana] to lose credit, to be trusted no more; —[utarana] to disgrace; to compromise the honour of; to humiliate; —[rakhana] to maintain the dignity of, to preserve the honour of..—pat (पत) is alternatively transliterated as Pata.

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