Dvipada, Dvi-pada, Dvipāda: 19 definitions


Dvipada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dvipāda (द्विपाद).—A name of Vighneśvara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 68.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (h)

Dvipada (द्विपद) (or tripada) refers to the unit called prakrama (used during construction of Hindu temples), according to Rudradātta’s commentary on Āpastambaśrautasūtra.—In the Āpastambaśrautasūtra, the measurement of the abode of āhavanīya fire is mentioned with the unit of prakrama and it fixes the area as eight prakrama for Brahmins. In the commentary of Rudradātta on Āpastambaśrautasūtra, the unit called prakrama is identified as dvipada or tripada. In the later period, the practice of worship of image as well as the necessity of the construction of temple came into being gradually.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Dvipada (द्विपद) refers to “humans”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘(193) When the highest among humans (dvipada-uttama) was extinguished, O Lord, we will even sacrifice our bodies and lives to uphold the true dharma. (194) Leaving gain and fame, leaving all praises, but never leaving behind this dharma which sets forth the knowledge of the Buddha. [...]’”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Dvipada (द्विपद) refers to “bipeds”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as Agastya-Ṛṣi taught the offering manual] “[...] One should recite thus seven times. Upon reciting this all hostile Nāgas become inflamed. All pests, bipeds (dvipada) and quadrupeds become inflamed by the curse. They all retreat. There will be no harm for crops in that province again. All pests will perish. They will not destroy flowers, fruits, leaves and crops again”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

1) Dvipada (द्विपद) refers to “two-footed”, and represents classification of things that can be stolen (steya, caurya), according to Umāsvāti’s Śrāvaka-prajñapti 265 and Haribhadra’s commentary on the Āvaśyaka-sūtra p. 822b. It is related to the Asteya-vrata (vow of not stealing).

2) Dvipada (द्विपद) refers to “servants and birds” and represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Dvipada is listed in Śvetāmbara sources such as Devagupta’s Nava-pada-prakaraṇa with Laghu-vṛtti (58).

Dvipada is generally taken to include all the members of the household (wives, slaves, servants) and also domesticated birds such as parrots or peacocks. The oldest texts, for example, the Āvaśyaka-cūrṇī mention alongside dvipada and catuṣpada a category of apada objects including carts and trees. Carts figure at amuch later date in the dvipada class of the Śrāddha-dina-kṛtya, inappropriately in the context as they cannot be said to propagate themselves.

Source: academia.edu: The Original Paṇhavāyaraṇa/Praśnavyākaraṇa Discovered

Dvipada (द्विपद) refers to “bipeds”, as taught in the Paṇhavāgaraṇa (Sanskrit: Praśnavyākaraṇa): the tenth Anga of the Jain canon which deals with the prophetic explanation of queries regarding divination.—The Praśnavyākaraṇa deals with the praśnavidyā in a rather complex way. It is divided into at least 33 short chapters [e.g., dvipada-adhikāra; part of the chapter called jīvacintā-prakaraṇa], some of which are further divided into sub-chapters. Some contents of the text, mainly those related with articulation and pronunciation can have significance far beyond the scope of the praśnavidyā.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dvipada (द्विपद).—a (S) Biped. 2 In arithmetic. Binomial.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dvipada (द्विपद).—a Biped; binomial.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dvipada (द्विपद).—a. having two feet (as a verse).

Dvipada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvi and pada (पद).

--- OR ---

Dvipada (द्विपद).—a biped man.

Derivable forms: dvipadaḥ (द्विपदः).

Dvipada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvi and pada (पद).

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Dvipāda (द्विपाद).—

1) a biped, man.

2) a bird.

3) a god.

Derivable forms: dvipādaḥ (द्विपादः).

Dvipāda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvi and pāda (पाद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvipada (द्विपद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dā-daṃ) 1. Two-footed. 2. Having two parts. 3. Binomial. m.

(-daḥ) A biped, including four genera, gods, domons. men, and birds. E. dvi, and pada for pāda a foot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvipada (द्विपद).—m. a man, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 31, 22. Pañcapada, i. e.

Dvipada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvi and pada (पद).

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Dvipāda (द्विपाद).—adj., f. , biped.

Dvipāda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvi and pāda (पाद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvipada (द्विपद).—= [preceding] [adjective], also consisting of two words; [masculine] the two-footed i.e. man.

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Dvipāda (द्विपाद).—[feminine] ī two-footed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dvipada (द्विपद):—[=dvi-pada] [from dvi] mf(ā)n. (dvi-) 2-footed, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] consisting of 2 Pādas, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] containing 2 words, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]

4) [v.s. ...] binomial, [Colebrooke]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a biped, (contemptuously) a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara vi, 63]

6) [v.s. ...] a brick 2 Pādas long, [Śulba-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of [particular] signs of the zodiac, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Dvipadā (द्विपदा):—[=dvi-padā] [from dvi-pada > dvi] f. a stanza consisting of 2 Pādas, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

9) Dvipada (द्विपद):—[=dvi-pada] [from dvi] n. a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

10) Dvipadā (द्विपदा):—[=dvi-padā] [from dvi-pada > dvi] a combination of 2 words, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]

11) Dvipāda (द्विपाद):—[=dvi-pāda] [from dvi] (dvi-) mfn. 2-footed, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvipada (द्विपद):—[dvi-pada] (daḥ-dā-daṃ) a. Two-footed, binomial; a biped.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dvipada (द्विपद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dupaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dvipada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dvipada (ದ್ವಿಪದ):—[adjective] having or walking on two feet.

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Dvipada (ದ್ವಿಪದ):—

1) [noun] a two-legged animal (as a human being).

2) [noun] (gram.) two words.

3) [noun] (pros.) a kind of meter having three Viṣṇu gaṇas and one Brahma gaṇas in each line.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Dvipada (द्विपद):—adj. having two feet/parts; n. a biped;

2) Dvipadā (द्विपदा):—n. a verse having only two feet;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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