Dvipada, Dvi-pada, Dvipāda: 9 definitions

Introduction

Dvipada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dvipāda (द्विपाद).—A name of Vighneśvara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 68.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

1) Dvipada (द्विपद) refers to “two-footed”, and represents classification of things that can be stolen (steya, caurya), according to Umāsvāti’s Śrāvaka-prajñapti 265 and Haribhadra’s commentary on the Āvaśyaka-sūtra p. 822b. It is related to the Asteya-vrata (vow of not stealing).

2) Dvipada (द्विपद) refers to “servants and birds” and represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Dvipada is listed in Śvetāmbara sources such as Devagupta’s Nava-pada-prakaraṇa with Laghu-vṛtti (58).

Dvipada is generally taken to include all the members of the household (wives, slaves, servants) and also domesticated birds such as parrots or peacocks. The oldest texts, for example, the Āvaśyaka-cūrṇī mention alongside dvipada and catuṣpada a category of apada objects including carts and trees. Carts figure at amuch later date in the dvipada class of the Śrāddha-dina-kṛtya, inappropriately in the context as they cannot be said to propagate themselves.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dvipada (द्विपद).—a (S) Biped. 2 In arithmetic. Binomial.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dvipada (द्विपद).—a Biped; binomial.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dvipada (द्विपद).—a. having two feet (as a verse).

Dvipada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvi and pada (पद).

--- OR ---

Dvipada (द्विपद).—a biped man.

Derivable forms: dvipadaḥ (द्विपदः).

Dvipada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvi and pada (पद).

--- OR ---

Dvipāda (द्विपाद).—

1) a biped, man.

2) a bird.

3) a god.

Derivable forms: dvipādaḥ (द्विपादः).

Dvipāda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvi and pāda (पाद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvipada (द्विपद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dā-daṃ) 1. Two-footed. 2. Having two parts. 3. Binomial. m.

(-daḥ) A biped, including four genera, gods, domons. men, and birds. E. dvi, and pada for pāda a foot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dvipada (द्विपद):—[=dvi-pada] [from dvi] mf(ā)n. (dvi-) 2-footed, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] consisting of 2 Pādas, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] containing 2 words, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]

4) [v.s. ...] binomial, [Colebrooke]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a biped, (contemptuously) a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara vi, 63]

6) [v.s. ...] a brick 2 Pādas long, [Śulba-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of [particular] signs of the zodiac, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Dvipadā (द्विपदा):—[=dvi-padā] [from dvi-pada > dvi] f. a stanza consisting of 2 Pādas, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

9) Dvipada (द्विपद):—[=dvi-pada] [from dvi] n. a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

10) Dvipadā (द्विपदा):—[=dvi-padā] [from dvi-pada > dvi] a combination of 2 words, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]

11) Dvipāda (द्विपाद):—[=dvi-pāda] [from dvi] (dvi-) mfn. 2-footed, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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