Oshtha, Ōṣṭha, Oṣṭha: 15 definitions



Oshtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ōṣṭha and Oṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Ostha or Oshtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Oshth.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Oṣṭha (ओष्ठ).—Iit. lip; the place of origin (स्थान (sthāna)) of the labial letters called उपध्मानीय वर्ण (upadhmānīya varṇa) i.e the vowels उ, ऊ (u, ū), the consonants प्, फ्, ब्, भ्, म् (p, ph, b, bh, m) and the उपध्मानीय (upadhmānīya) letter; cf. ऊपूपध्मानीयाना-मेष्ठौ (ūpūpadhmānīyānā-meṣṭhau) Sid. Kau. on तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् (tulyāsyaprayatnaṃ savarṇam) P.I.1.9, also उवोपोपध्मा ओष्ठे (uvopopadhmā oṣṭhe) V. Pr . I.70.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Oṣṭha (ओष्ठ) refers to a specific part of the kuṇḍas “fire-pit” described in the twenty-fifth chapter of the Īśvarasaṃhitā, dealing with the classification of the places for building the fire-pits.  Accordingly, “two semi-circles are to be laid within the yoni with the string half the size of that part. Thus it gets two strings (for marking). The fourth part which is within the position dug shall be avoided from the enclosed part. The remaining part shall be dug as stated before or equal to it. The yoni shall be made to be longer by a quarter (measurement) and raised in the bottom, touching the lip which resembles the lip (oṣṭha) of the elephant”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Oṣṭha (ओष्ठ):—[oṣṭhaḥ] Lips

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Oṣṭha.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘two’. Note: oṣṭha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ōṣṭha (ओष्ठ).—m S A lip. ōṣṭha āsvādaṇēṃ (To taste the lip.) To kiss. Ex. kōṇhī ōṣṭha hī nācatāṃ || mukha mukhīṃ ghālani āsvādilē ||

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ōṣṭha (ओष्ठ).—m A lip.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Oṣṭha (ओष्ठ).—[uṣyate uṣṇāhāreṇa, uṣ-karmaṇi than Uṇ.2.4.] A lip (lower or upper); द्वावोष्ठौ छेदयेन्नृपः (dvāvoṣṭhau chedayennṛpaḥ) Ms.8.282; अधर°, बिम्ब° (adhara°, bimba°).

-ṣṭhī A creeper bearing a red fruit to which the lip is commonly compared (bimbaphala; Mar. toṇḍalī). (In comp. the a or ā of words before oṣṭha may be optionally dropped, and the fem. may end in ā or ī as bimbo (mbau) ष्ठा-ष्ठी (ṣṭhā-ṣṭhī). [Vārt. ओत्वोष्ठयोः समासे वा (otvoṣṭhayoḥ samāse vā) Sk. on P.VI.1.94.] [cf. L. ostium].

Derivable forms: oṣṭhaḥ (ओष्ठः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Oṣṭha (ओष्ठ).—m.

(-ṣṭhaḥ) The lip, especially the upper, &c. du. m. (oṣṭhau or oṣṭhādharau) The lips: see adhara. f. (-ṣṭhī) A creeper, bearing a red flower, to which the lip is commonly compared, (Bryonia grandis.) E. uṣ to burn, than Unadi affix, fem. affix ṅīṣ: see vimba.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Oṣṭha (ओष्ठ).—i. e. probably ava-stha (vb. sthā), m. 1. The lip, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 282. 2. The upper lip, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 8, 46. In comp. words a preceding a may be dropped, and the fem. of a comp. adj. may end in ṭhā or ṭhī, e. g. rucira -dantauṣṭhī, Having beautiful teeth and lips, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 16. bimboṣṭha, adj. Having bimba-like lips, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 4, 8. saṃdaṣṭauṣṭha, i. e. sam-daṣṭa oṣṭha (vb. daṃś), adj. Biting the lips, Mahābhārata 3, 427. sphuradoṣṭha, i. e. sphurant-oṣṭha, adj., f. ṭhī, With trembling lips, [Indralokāgamana] 5, 51.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Oṣṭha (ओष्ठ).—[masculine] the (down-hanging) upper-lip, lip i.[grammar] (adj. —° [feminine] ī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Oṣṭha (ओष्ठ):—m. ([etymology] doubtful; √uṣ, [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 4]) the lip (generally [dual number]), [Ṛg-veda ii, 39, 6; Atharva-veda x, 9, 14; xx, 127, 4; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) the forepart of an Agnikuṇḍa q.v., [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

3) cf. [Zend] aoshtra; O. [Prussian] austa, ‘mouth’; O. [Slavonic or Slavonian] usta, ‘mouth.’

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Oṣṭha (ओष्ठ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uṭṭha, Oṭṭha, Hoṭṭa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Oshtha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Oṣṭha (ओष्ठ) [Also spelled oshth]:—(nm) see [oṭha].

context information


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