Historical Elements in the Matsya Purana

by Chaitali Kadia | 2021 | 91,183 words

This page relates ‘Dynasty of Ikshvaku’ of the study on the historical elements of the Matsya-purana: one of the eighteen Mahapuranas which are Sanskrit texts that have preserved the cultural heritage, philosophy, religion, geography, etc of ancient India. This Matsyapurana was originally written in 20,000 verses and deals with topics such as architecture, ancient history, polity, religion and philosophy.

Devrāja Vikukṣi was born as the son of king Ikṣvāku. He was the eldest of the hundred sons of Ikṣvāku. Vikukṣi had fifteen sons, who became the best king in the north direction of Sumerugiri . There were one hundred and fourteen sons of Vikukṣi, who are said to be the rulers of the south direction of Sumerugiri . The eldest son of Vikukṣi was known as Kakutstha. He had a son named Suyodhana. Suyodhana’s son Pṛrhu, Pṛthu’s son Viśvaga, Viśvaga’s son Indu and Indu’s son became Yuvanāśva. The son of Yuvanāśva was Śrāvasta, also known as Vatsaka. He had established a city named Śrāvasti in Gaudadiśa. From Śrāvasta, Bṛhadaśva was born and from Bṛhadaśva, Kubalāśva was born. Kubalāśva was also known as Dhundhumār because of being killed by Dhundhu in the past. Dhundhumār had three sons named Dṛdāśva, Daṇḍa and Kapilāśva, of which the majestic Kapilāsva was also famous as Dhaundhumāri. Dṛdāśva’s son was Pramoda and his son was Haryaśva. Haryaśva had a son name Nikumbha and from him Sanhataśva was born. Sanhatāśva had two sons named Akṛtāśva and Raṇāśva. Raṇāśva had a son named Yuvanāśva and from him Māndhātā was born. Māndhāta had three sons named Puruktsa, King Dharmasena and the well-known glorious Mucukunda, who defeated the enemies. Among them Purukutsa’s son was Narmadāpati Vasuda. Vasuda’s son was Sambhūti and Sambhūti’s son was Tridhanvā. Trayyāruṇa was born from Tirdhanvā. From him Satyavrata and from Satyavrata Satyaratha was born. From Satyaratha Hariścandra, from Hariścandra Rohita, from Rohita Vṛka and from Vṛka Bāhu was originated. Bohu’s son was king Sagara, who was the supreme god. He had two wives named Prabhā and Bhānumatī.[1]

Prabhā accepted sixty thousand sons and Bhānumatī asked for only one son. After a few days Bhānumatī gave birth to Asamanjasa and Prabhā the daughter of Yadu dynasty, gave birth to sixty thousand sons, who were digging the earth in search of the Aśvamedha Yajña , at the same time, they were burnt by burning Viṣṇu.[2] Aṃśumān was the son of Asamanjasa. Aṃśumān’s son was Dilīpa and Dilīpa’s son was Bhagiratha who grounds the Gangā from the heaven. The son of Bhagīrathi was famous as Nābhāga. Nābhāga’s son was Ambarīṣa and from him Sindhudvīpa was born. Sindhudvīpa’s son was Ayutāya and from him Ṛtuparṇa was originated. Ṛtuparṇa’s son was Kalmāṣpāda and Sarvakarma was the son of Kalmāṣpāda. His son was Anaraṇya and Anaraṇya’s son was Nighna. Nighna had two sons named Anamitra and Raghu. Form Raghu Dilipa was originated and Dilipa had a son named Aja. Aja’s son was Dīrghabāhu and Dīrghabāhu’s son was Ajapāla. Ajapāla originated a son named Daśaratha. Daśaratha had four sons named, Rāma, Bharata, Lakṣmaṇa and Śatrughna. Among them Rāma was eldest and he was the incarnation of Lord Viṣṇu.[3]

Śrī Rāma had two sons named Lava and Kuśa. The two sons of Rāma were the progenitors of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. Kuśa originated a son named Atithi and from Atithi Niṣadha was originated. Niṣadha’s son was Nala and Nala’s son was Nabha. From Nabha Puṇḍarīka was originated and his son was Kṣemadhanvā. Kṣemadhanvā’s son was great warrior Devānīka. His son was Ahīnagu and from Ahīnagu Sahasrāśva was born. Sahasrāsva’s son was Candrāvaloka and from him Tārāpīda was born. Tārāpīda originated Candragiri and Candragiri originated a son named Bhānucandra. His son was Śrutāyu, who was a great character in Mahābhārata .[4] These were the description of great Ikṣvāku dynasty.

Footnotes and references:


Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 12/26–39


Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 12/41–43


Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 12/43–50


Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 12/51–55

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