Nishadha, aka: Nisadha, Niṣadha, Niṣādha, Niṣadha, Niṣadhā; 18 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nishadha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Niṣadha and Niṣādha and Niṣadha and Niṣadhā can be transliterated into English as Nisadha or Nishadha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Nishadha in Purana glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

1) Niṣadha (निषध):—Son of Atithi (son of Kuśa, who was the son of Rāma). He had a son named Nabha. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.1)

2) Niṣadha (निषध):—One of the four sons of Kuru (son of Saṃvaraṇa and his wife Tapatī) who was king of Kurukṣetra. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.4-5)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Niṣadha (निषध).—One of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Jambūdvīpa is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu.

2) Niṣadha (निषध) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Aruṇoda and mount Mandara, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Mandara mountain lies on the eastern side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu.

Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Niṣadha (निषध):—On the central summit of the mount Niṣadha is a temple (āyatana) of Viṣṇu attended by sages, Siddhas, Yakṣas, Gandharvas, and Apsarasas. On another summit in the vicinity is situated a beatiful city of the Rākṣasas named Ulaṅghis (or: Ulandhis). To its south is another city the entrance to which is through a cave. On the western summit are situated various cities of Devas, Dānavas and Nāgas (or Bhāgas). Here is a Soma-stone (somaśilā) where Soma (i.e. Moon) comes very often. It is here that the sages, Kinnaras and Gandharvas worship Soma, the lord of Tārā. On the northern summit is the place of Brahman, the lord of Suras, who is worshipped by Yakṣas, Gandharvas and Dānavas. Here is also a temple of Fire worshipped by Śiddhas and Cāraṇas.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1) Niṣadha (निषध).—A King born in Śrī Rāma’s dynasty. Kuśa was born as the son of Śrī Rāma, Aditi as Kuśa’s son and Niṣadha as Aditi’s son. This Niṣadha was the father of King Nabhas. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).

2) Niṣadha (निषध).—A King of Bharata’s dynasty. Niṣadha was the grandson of King Puru and the fourth son of Janamejaya. A great humanitarian, Niṣadha ruled the country to the satisfaction of everybody. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 56).

3) Niṣadha (निषध).—A mountain near mount Meru. During his triumphal tour, Arjuna defeated the people of this region.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Niṣadha (निषध).—A son of Atithi and father of Nabha.1 (Anala, Viṣṇu-purāṇa). The Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa makes him father of Nala.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 1; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 52; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 201; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 105.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 201-2.

1b) A varṣaparvata;1 a mountain range on the base of Meru and to the south of Ilāvṛta and a boundary of Harivarṣa;2 migration of the Yadus to;3 residence of the Vānaras and Nāgas;4 location of the Viṣṇu temple in.5

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 69; Matsya-purāṇa 113. 12, 22; 121. 66; 183. 1; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 85. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 28 and 39.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 9, 26; Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 14 and 25.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa 2. 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 15. 15 and 28.
  • 4) Ib. II. 17. 34; III. 7. 194; IV. 31. 16.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 35. 8; 36. 19; 37. 28; 41. 48.

1c) (also Naiṣadhas) contemporary rulers of the Āndhras, Kauśalas, and Vidūrapatis.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 35.

1d) A Janapada of the Maṇidhānya.1 On the other side of the Vindhyas.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 384.
  • 2) Ib. 45. 133.

2) Niṣadhā (निषधा).—A river from the Vindhyas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 32; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 102.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Niṣadha (निषध) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.89.49) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Niṣadha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Niṣadha (निषध):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the Suprabhedāgama, which describes a list of 13 types. This list represents the earliest form of the classification of temples in the South Indian Vāstuśāstra literature. The name is also mentioned in the Īśānaśivagurudevapaddhati which features a list of 52 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Niṣadha (निषध) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘combined hands’ (saṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Niṣadha (निषध).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with combined hands (saṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): When the Kapittha hand surrounds the Mukulā hand the Niṣadha hand is made.

(Uses): It is used to indicate collecting, acceptance, holding, a doctrine, and to indicate brief truth the two hands are to press (each other).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Katha (narrative stories)

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Niṣadha (निषध) or Niṣadhadeśa is the name of an ancient country, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 101. Accordingly, as Muni Kaṇva said to Mṛgāṅkadatta in his hermitage: “... there is a country named Niṣadha, that adorns the face of the northern quarter; in it there was of old a city of the name of Alakā. In this city the people were always happy in abundance of all things, and the only things that never enjoyed repose were the jewel-lamps”.

Niṣadha (निषध) is also described in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 104. Accordingly, “... there is in the bosom of the Himālayas a country named Niṣadha, which is the only refuge of virtue, banished from the earth by Kali, and the native land of truth, and the home of the Kṛta age. The inhabitants of that land [Niṣadha] are insatiable of learning, but not of money-getting; they are satisfied with their own wives, but with benefiting others never”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Niṣadha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Niṣadha (निषध).—Niṣadha, Hemakūṭa and Himavat are said to be to the south of Jambūdvīpa. They divide the three continents or Varṣas, namely Harivarṣa, Kiṃpuruṣa and Bhārata respectively.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

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Niṣadha (निषध) is the name of a mountain-range situated to the south of Ilāvṛta, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.76. Ilāvṛta is a region (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīpa: one of the seven continents situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī). These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

According to the Parākhyatantra, “to the south of Ilāvṛta is the mountain called Niṣadha, on which Garuḍa had been poised to kill the serpent Śeṣa and was forbidden”.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Nishadha in Kavya glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Niṣādha (निषाध) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is mentioned by the mountain in the Jambūdvīpa or Asia. This situated immediately to the south of the Mahameru. It is to be the principal mountain of the Harivarṣa and Himālayas may be called the principal mountain of the Bhāratavarṣa.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

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Nishādha (निषाध): A country where Indra, Lord of the gods had lived once disguised as a brahmana. King of the Nishadha was Guha who guarded Rama after he crossed Koshala kingdom on his exile.

-- or --

Nishādha (निषाध): The Nishādha peoples were indigenous tribes inhabiting ancient India. The Indo-Aryan peoples of ancient India's Vedic civilization saw the Nishadhas as uncivilized and barbarian peoples. Nishadhas did not follow the Vedic religion, and were involved in a number of wars with Indo-Aryan kingdoms.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Niṣadha (निषध).—One of the seven mountain ranges (varṣadharaparvata) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. On top of Niṣadha lies a lake named Tigiñca, having at its centre a large padmahrada (lotus-island), home to the Goddess Dhṛti. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Niṣadha (निषध) is the name of a mountain in Jambūdvīpa separating the regions Harivarṣa and Videha. Jambūdvīpa refers to the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. The hues of the six mountains (eg., Niṣadha and Nīla) are hot gold/ rising sun and blue (like the neck of peacock) respectively. Why do the mountains Niṣadha and Nīla have their specific hues? They have the hues as the sand and stones which constitute these mountains have the colour of molten gold or the rising sun and blue (like the neck of peacock) respectively.

Which lakes are there at the tops of the Himavān (Himavat), Mahāhimavān (Mahāhimavat), and Niṣadha mountains respectively? The lakes on tops of the Himavān, Mahāhimavān, and Niṣadha mountains are Padma, Mahāpadma and Tigiñcha respectively.

Jambūdvīpa (where stands the Niṣadha mountain) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nishadha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Niṣadha (निषध).—a. Hard, solid.

-dhāḥ m. (pl.) Name of a people and their country governed by Nala.

-dhaḥ 1 A ruler of the Niṣadhas.

2) Name of a mountain.

3) A musical note; cf. निषाद (niṣāda).

-dhā Name of Nala's capital.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niṣadha (निषध).—m.

(-dhaḥ) 1. The name of a mountain or mountanious range, forming one of the principal ranges of the universe, and described as lying immediately south of Ilavrata, and north of the Himalaya range. 2. A country in the south-east division of India. 3. The sovereign of Nishada. 4. A musical note; also niṣāda . 5. Hard, solid. E. ni before, sad to go, aff. ac, and da irregularly changed to dha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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