Bhagirathi, aka: Bhāgīrathī; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bhagirathi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Bhagirathi in Purana glossaries]

Bhāgīrathī (भागीरथी).—Another name of Gaṅgā. (See under Gaṅgā).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Bhāgīrathī (भागीरथी).—(Gaṅgā): so-called on account of Bhagīratha having brought her; a sacred river;1 Indra worshipped Lalitā on the banks of the;2 to its east lay Haṃsaprapatanam. a sacred spot;3 the seventh stream of the Gaṅgā flowing towards the south in Himāhvavarṣa;4 fit for srāddha.5

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 42; III. 13. 100; 54. 51; 63. 168-9; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 44; 163. 60; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 169; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 18. 57; IV. 4. 35; V. 35. 30.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 12. 44.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 106. 32.
  • 4) Ib. 121. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 40.
  • 5) Ib. 77. 92.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Bhagirathi in Itihasa glossaries]

Bhāgīrathī (भागीरथी) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.50). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhāgīrathī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Bhāgīrathī also refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.18, II.9, III.85.10, III.85.17).

Bhāgīrathī also refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.82.142).

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Bhagirathi in Theravada glossaries]

1. Bhagirathi. A name for the Ganges (E.g., J.v.93, 255; Ap.ii.436). The river was so called because the sage Bhagiratha filled up the ocean with the Ganges whom he made his daughter (Mahabharata, iii. 107, 9961; v.178, 7096). It may also be the name of a separate river flowing from the Himalaya and forming one of the chief sources of the Ganges. The river flowed past Hamsavati (E.g., Ap.i.51; ii.343). v.l. Bhagirasi, Bhagirathi.

2. Bhagirathi. A channel, branching off from the Anotatta vapi in Ceylon, and forming part of the irrigation scheme of Parakkamabahu I. Cv.lxxix.49.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Bhagirathi in Mahayana glossaries]

Bhāgīrathī (भागीरथी) is the name of a river according to appendix 1 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “In the region of the Himālaya, there is a river called Fen lou (Bhāgīrathī); on the bank of this river there is the hermitage of the ṛṣi Kia pi lo (Kapila)”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Bhagirathi in Pali glossaries]

bhāgīrathī : (f.) the ganges.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Bhagirathi in Marathi glossaries]

bhāgīrathī (भागीरथी).—f (S From bhāgīratha q. v.) The Ganges.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Bhagirathi in Sanskrit glossaries]

Bhāgīrathī (भागीरथी).—[bhagīrathena sānītā tena bhāgīrathī smṛtā]

1) Name of the river Ganges; भागीरथीनिर्झरशीकराणाम् (bhāgīrathīnirjharaśīkarāṇām) Ku.1.15.

2) Name of one of the three main branches of the Ganges; cf. भागीरथी भोगवती जाह्नवी त्रिजटेश्वरी । विष्णुपादाब्जसंभूता गङ्गा त्रिपथगामिनी (bhāgīrathī bhogavatī jāhnavī trijaṭeśvarī | viṣṇupādābjasaṃbhūtā gaṅgā tripathagāminī) || Stotra.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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