Rituparna, Ṛtūparṇa, Ṛtuparṇa, Ritu-parna: 6 definitions

Introduction

Rituparna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ṛtūparṇa and Ṛtuparṇa can be transliterated into English as Rtuparna or Rituparna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (R) next»] — Rituparna in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Ṛtuparṇa (ऋतुपर्ण) is the name of an ancient king of Kośala, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, “... and going by the name of Hrasvabāhu, he [Nala] took service as a cook in the family of King Ṛtuparṇa, the sovereign of Kośala. And he acquired renown by making dishes of exquisite flavour, and by his skill in chariot-driving”.

The story of Ṛtuparṇa was narrated by Sumanas to queen Bandhumatī in order to demonstrate that “reunions do take place, even of the long separated”, in other words, that “great ones, after enduring separation, enjoy prosperity, and following the example of the sun, after suffering a decline, they rise again”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Ṛtuparṇa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (R) next»] — Rituparna in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Ṛtūparṇa (ऋतूपर्ण):—Son of Ayutāyu (son of Sindhudvīpa). He became a friend of Nalarāja and taught him the art of gambling, while in return, Nalarāja gave Ṛtūparṇa lessons in controlling and maintaining horses. He had a son named Sarvakāma. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.16-17)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ṛtuparṇa (ऋतुपर्ण).—A king of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. Genealogy. From Viṣṇu were descended in the following order-Brahmā-Kaśyapa-Vivasvān-Vaivasvata Manu-Ikṣvāku-Vikukṣi-Śaśāda-Purañjaya-Kākutstha-Anenas-Pṛthulāśva-Prasenajit-Yuvanāśva-Māndhātā-Purukutsa-Trasadasyu-Anaraṇya-Aryaśva-Vasumanas-Sutanvā-Trayyāruṇa-Satyavrata (Triśaṅku)-Hariścandra-Rohitāśva-Harita-Cuñcu-Sudeva-Bharuka-Sagara-Asamañjasa-Aṃśumān-Bhagīratha-Śrutanābha-Sindhudvīpa-Ayutāyus-Ṛtuparṇa. (See full article at Story of Ṛtuparṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ṛtuparṇa (ऋतुपर्ण).—The son of Ayutāyus, and a friend of Nala. Taught Nala the secret of gambling and was in turn instructed in aśvavidyā. Father of Sarvakāma: called a second Nala, (learnt the secrets of dice from Nala. Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 9. 17; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 173; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 46; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 173-74; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 37-8.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (R) next»] — Rituparna in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Rituparṇa (ऋतुपर्ण): The king of Ayodhya to whom Nala became the charioteer.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (R) next»] — Rituparna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṛtuparṇa (ऋतुपर्ण).—Name of a king of Ayodhyā; son of Ayutāyu, a descendant of Ikṣvāku. [Nala, king of Niṣadha, entered into his service after he had lost his kingdom and suffered very great adversity. He was 'profoundly skilled in dice'; and he exchanged with Nala this skill for his skill in horsemanship; and by virtue of it the king succeeded in taking Nala to Kuṇḍinapura before Damayantī had put into execution her resolve of taking a second husband].

Derivable forms: ṛtuparṇaḥ (ऋतुपर्णः).

Ṛtuparṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ṛtu and parṇa (पर्ण).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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