Nabha, Nābha: 14 definitions

Introduction

Nabha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Nābha (नाभ):—Son of Śruta (son of Bhagīratha). He had a son named Sindhudvīpa. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.16-17)

2) Nabha (नभ):—Son of Niṣadha (son of Atithi). He had a son named Puṇḍarīka. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.1)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nabha (नभ).—A son of Niṣadha, and father of Puṇḍarīka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 1.

1b) A month sacred to Indra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 37.

1c) See Prathakvānya;1 fourfold agni in gratadvoca sthāna.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 23.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 21.

1d) A son of Nala and father of Puṇḍarīka of the dynasty of Kuśa, son of Rāma, (Nabhā, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa and Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 202; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 52. Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 202. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 106.

1e) A son of Svārociṣa Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 7

1f) A son of Auttama Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 12.

1g) A Pravara Ṛṣi.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 199. 15.

1h) A Mantrakṛt.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 97.

1i) A son of Vipracitti.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 11.

2a) Nābha (नाभ).—The son of Śruta and father of Sindhudvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 9. 16.

2b) One of the ten sons of Hṛdīka.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 82.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Nabha (नभ) or Nabhas is the son of Nala and the grandson of Niṣadha, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] From Atithi was born Niṣadha. Nala was the son of Niṣadha and his son was Nabha. From Nabha (Nabhas) was born Candrāvaloka and from the latter was born Tārāpīḍa.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Nabha (नभ).—Zero. Note: Nabha is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Nābha (नाभ) refers to the “navel” of the Buddha, to which his rays (raśmi) might return after emission, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). According to the Avadānaśataka and Divyāvadāna, it is a custom that, at the moment when the Buddha Bhagavats show their smile, blue, yellow, red and white rays flash out of the Bhagavat’s mouth, some of which go up and some of which go down. Those that go down penetrate into the hells (naraka); those that go up penetrate to the gods from the Cāturmahārājikas up to the Akaniṣṭas. Having travelled through the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu, the rays return to the Bhagavat from behind. According as to whether the Buddha wishes to show such-and-such a thing, the rays return to him by a different part of the body.

The returning of the rays into the navel (nābha) of the Buddha predicts  a birth among the gods (devopapatti).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: academia.edu: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana

King Nabha.—Kalpasutra tells us that Rishabha was born to King Nabha and Marudevi. King Nabha belonged to Ikshvaku dynasty and ruled over Kosala kingdom. Valmiki Ramayana and Vishnupurana gives the genealogy of the Ikshvaku dynasty. According to Vishnupurana, Ikshvaku king Nabhaga lived 15 generations before Dasharatha whereas Valmiki Ramayana mentions that Nabhaga was the father of Aja and the grandfather of Dasharatha. Another Ikshvaku king Nabha was the 5 th descendant (Kusha, Atithi, Nishadha, Nala, Nabha) of King Rama. Most probably, Rishabhadeva was the son of Ikshvaku King Nabhaga.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nabha, (nt.) & Nabhas (in oblique cases) (Sk. nabhas; Gr. nέfos & nefέlh, Lat. nebula, Oir. nēl, Ags. nifol (darkness), Ohg. nebul. See also abbha) mist, vapour, clouds, sky A. I, 242; II, 50 (nabhā), III, 240, Sn. 687 (nabhasi-gama, of the moon); Vv 323, 352 (=ākāsa VvA. 161), 534 (id. 236), 6327 (id. 268); PvA. 65; Mhvs VII. 9 (nabhasā Instr.). (Page 347)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nabha (नभ).—m S The sky. 2 A cloud.

--- OR ---

nābhā (नाभा).—m ( P) sometimes nābha f The cyst or bag of the Musk animal Moschus moschiferus. 3 (nābhi) The nave of a wheel.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nabha (नभ).—m The sky. A cloud.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nabha (नभ).—a. Killing, hurting.

-bhaḥ The month Śrāvaṇa.

-bham The sky, atmosphere.

-bhā A spitting-pot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nabha (नभ).—m.

(-bhaḥ) 1. The month Sravana. 2. Æther, atmosphere. f.

(-bhā) 1. A spitting pot. 2. The city of the sun. E. nah to bind, affix bha; see nabhasa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nabha (नभ).—m. A proper name, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 823.

--- OR ---

Nābha (नाभ).—I. a substitute for nābhi, when latter part of a comp. adj. or of a noun based on an adj., e. g. abja- and padma- (Having a lotus in his navel), m. A name of Viṣṇu. padma-nābha also, 1. A proper name. 2. A kind of spell. su-, adj. 1. Having a handsome nave, Mahābhārata 10, 625. 2. Having a beautiful centre, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 33, 12. kāla-, m. The name of an Asura or demon and others. kuśa-, m. A proper name, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 34, 3. tri-, m. A name of Viṣṇu (holding the three worlds in his navel), [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 17, 26. dṛdha-, m. The name of a spell, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 30, 5. puṣkara-, m. A name of Viṣṇu, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 6, 48. vatsa-, m. a particular poisonous tree. Ii. m. Epithet of Śiva, Mahābhārata 12, 10364. Iii. A proper name, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 9, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nabha (नभ).—[masculine] a man’s name.

--- OR ---

Nābha (नाभ).—(adj. —°) = nābhi q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nabha (नभ):—[from nabh] m. (rather [from] √nabh denoting ‘bursting forth’ or ‘expanding’ than [from] √nah ‘connecting’, [scilicet] heaven and earth) the sky, atmosphere (= nabhas), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] the month Śrāvaṇa, [Caraka]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Manu Svārociṣa or of the 3rd M° (together with Nabhasya), [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of one of 7 sages of the 6th Manv-antara, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] of a demon (son of Vipra-citti by Siṃhikā), [ib.; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Nala (Niṣadha) and father of Puṇḍarīka (cf. nabhas), [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) Nabhā (नभा):—[from nabha > nabh] f. a spitting-pot (?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of the city of the sun, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) Nābha (नाभ):—[from nābh] mfn. ifc. = nābhi, nave, navel, central point (cf. abja-nābha, vajra-n, su-n etc.)

10) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śruta and father of Sindhudvīpa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

12) Nābhā (नाभा):—[from nābh] [locative case] of nābhi (for -bhan).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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