Shalini, Śālinī: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Shalini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śālinī can be transliterated into English as Salini or Shalini, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śālinī (शालिनी) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the sixth and ninth syllables of a foot (pāda) are light (laghu), while the rest of the syllables are heavy (guru).

⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦
⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼¦¦

Śālinī falls in the Triṣṭup (Triṣṭubh) class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eleven syllables each.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Śālinī (शालिनी) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (e.g., Śālinī) which were used frequently by the poets.

2) Śālinī (शालिनी) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Śālinī) in 20 verses.

3) Śālinī (शालिनी) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., śālinī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

4) Śālinī (शालिनी) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

5) Śālinī (शालिनी) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the śālinī metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śālinī (शालिनी).—

1) A mistress of the house, housewife.

2) Name of a metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śālinī (शालिनी):—[from śālin > śāla] f. a kind of metre (four times ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯, ¯ ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ ¯ ¯), [Piṅgala Scholiast, i.e. halāyudha; Chandomañjarī]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a woman, [Śukasaptati]

3) Śālīnī (शालीनी):—[from śāla] in [compound] for śālīna.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Sāliṇī (सालिणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śālinikā.

Sāliṇī has the following synonyms: Sāliṇiā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śālini (ಶಾಲಿನಿ):—

1) [noun] a woman who is head of a household; a mistress.

2) [noun] (pros.) a metrical verse having four lines each having three groups of three syllables, followed by two long syllables (—-, —u, —u, - -).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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