Shambhava, Sambhava, Sambhavā, Śāmbhava, Saṃbhava: 19 definitions

Introduction

Shambhava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāmbhava can be transliterated into English as Sambhava or Shambhava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shambhava in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Sambhavā (सम्भवा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Piṇḍa, the seventh seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Sambhavā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Source: archive.org: Vijnana Bhairava or Divine Consciousness

Śāmbhava (शाम्भव) refers to a category of dhāraṇās according to the Śaivāgamas. The term dhāraṇā refers to a particular way “concentrating the mind”, and can be seen as a means of attaining the ultimate truth.

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Śāmbhava (शाम्भव) is the name of an Āgama or Tantra mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra  verse 1.5-7.—“At a previous time, when Pārvatī asked him, Śaṅkara told of the attainments of vidyā in the wide worldly life, in various ways. I observed each teaching taught also by the troops of Gods, Siddhas (those who have attained supernatural power), Munis (saints), Deśikas (spiritual teachers), and Sādhakas (tantric practicioners). They are [, for example]: Śāmbhava... I shall carefully extract all the above-mentioned āgamas, which are transmitted from mouth to mouth, like butter extracted from coagulated milk”.

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context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shambhava in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śāmbhava (शाम्भव) is another name for Devadāru, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Cedrus deodara (Himalayan cedar), from the Pinaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 12.28), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shambhava in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sambhava (सम्भव).—A King of the Pūru dynasty, son of Ūrjā and father of Jarāsandha. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 278).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Saṃbhava (संभव).—A son of Sarva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 31.

1b) At the end of samhāra; impossible to be told in detail; also nisarga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 136-7.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Saṃbhava (संभव).—Iit. possibility. The word is used in the general sense of the possibility of the application of a rule or of the occurrence of a rule; cf. विधिनियमसंभवे विधिरेव ज्यायान् (vidhiniyamasaṃbhave vidhireva jyāyān) .M. Bh. on VI, 4.49 Vart.; Pari. Sek. Pari. 100; cf. also असति संभवे बाधनं भवति । आस्ति च संभवो यदुभयं स्यात् । (asati saṃbhave bādhanaṃ bhavati | āsti ca saṃbhavo yadubhayaṃ syāt |) Siradeva Pari. 35.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sambhava. One of the two chief disciples of Sikhi Buddha. D.ii.4; J.i.41; Bu.xxi.20; S.i.155.

2. Sambhava. The constant attendant of Revata Buddha. J.i.35; Bu.vi.21.

3. Sambhava. The constant attendant of Tissa Buddha. J.i.40, but see Samanga.

4. Sambhava. A Pacceka Buddha of thirty one kappas ago. Sappaka Thera, in a previous birth, was a Naga and held a lotus over him. ThagA.i.399.

5. Sambhava. The Bodhisatta, born as the son of Vidhura and brother of Sanjaya and Bhadrakara. See the Sambhava Jataka.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shambhava in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Sambhava (सम्भव):—The third Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). His name can also be spelled as Saṃbhava (संभव) and he is also known as Sambhavanātha (or Saṃbhavanātha). His colour is gold (kāñcana), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 400 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 732 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is an Horse.

Sambhava’s father is Jitari and his mother is Senā according to Śvetāmbara but Suṣeṇā according to Digambara. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shambhava in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sambhava : (m.) origin; birth; production; semen virile.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sambhava, (saṃ+bhava) 1. origin, birth, production D. II, 107; S. III, 86; A. II, 10, 18; Sn. 724, 741 etc.; Dh. 161; J. I, 168; mātāpettikas° born from father and mother D. I, 34; DhsA. 306; natthi sambhavaṃ has not arisen Sn. 235.—2. semen virile J. V, 152; VI, 160; Miln. 124.

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context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shambhava in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sambhava (संभव).—m (S) Suitableness or reasonableness of being; hence possibility, probability, likelihood. 2 Connection and congruity as apprehended or apparent; apprehension or view of as possible, probable, or real. Ex. tikaḍacēṃ pāṇī havā kasēṃ āhē mhaṇūna tū jēvhāṃ vicāratōsa tēvhāṃ tū tikaḍē rahāyāsa jāṇāra asā malā sambhava hōtō. 3 Consistency, conformity, correspondence, co-aptation or adaptation, adequateness or agreeableness, appropriate connection or relation. 4 Birth, production, rising into being. Note. We may here, as we might under innumerable other words have done, direct the learner's attention to the two forms of grammatical composition which are constantly occurring,--the tatpuruṣa and the bahuvrīhi. rōgasambhava, kaphasambhava, pittasambhava, parjanyasambhava, ariṣṭasambhava, kēśasambhava, asthisambhava, utpātasambhava, puṇyasambhava, pāpasambhava, dōṣa-sukha-duḥkha-rāga-harṣa-santāpa &c.-sambhava (Production or birth of disease, phlegm, bile &c.) are instances of the first; padmasambhava, yōnisambhava, sūryasambhava, kāṣṭhasambhava, mṛtsambhava, tṛṇasambhava &c. (Produced from the lotus, womb, sun, wood, earth &c.) are instances of the second. Compounds of these kinds are, as it will readily be seen, incalculably useful; and they may be multiplied by the scholar absolutely without end. 5 S Mixing or mixture; combining or combination;--the act or the product of it.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sambhava (संभव).—m Probability, possibility, likeli- hood. Consistency, conformity. cor- respondence. Birth, production. In comp. as kaphasambhava, rōgasambhava Production of phlegm, disease padmasambhava, sūryasambhava Produced from the lotus, sun.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shambhava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāmbhava (शाम्भव).—a.

1) (- f.) [शम्भोरिदम् अण् (śambhoridam aṇ)] Belonging to Śiva; अत्तुं वाञ्छति शाम्भवो गणपतेराखुं क्षुधार्तः फणी (attuṃ vāñchati śāmbhavo gaṇapaterākhuṃ kṣudhārtaḥ phaṇī) Pt.1.159.

-vaḥ A worshipper of Śiva.

2) A son of Śiva.

3) Camphor.

4) Bdellium.

5) A kind of poison.

-vam The Devadāru tree.

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Saṃbhava (संभव).—1 Birth, production, springing up, arising, existence प्रियस्य सुहृदो यत्र मम तत्रैव संभवो भूयात् (priyasya suhṛdo yatra mama tatraiva saṃbhavo bhūyāt) Māl.9; मानुषीषु कथं वा स्यादस्य रूपस्य संभवः (mānuṣīṣu kathaṃ vā syādasya rūpasya saṃbhavaḥ) Ś.1.26; अन्नाद्भवन्ति भूतानि पर्जन्यादन्नसंभवः (annādbhavanti bhūtāni parjanyādannasaṃbhavaḥ) Bg.3.14; oft. at the end of comp. in this sense; अप्सरःसभवैषा (apsaraḥsabhavaiṣā) Ś.1.

2) Production and bringing up; यं मातापितरौ क्लेशं सहेते संभवे नृणाम् (yaṃ mātāpitarau kleśaṃ sahete saṃbhave nṛṇām) Ms.2.227; (see Kull. thereon).

3) Cause, origin, motive.

4) Mixing, union, combination.

5) Possibility; संयोगो हि वियोगस्य संसूचयति संभवम् (saṃyogo hi viyogasya saṃsūcayati saṃbhavam) Subhāṣ.

6) Compatibility, consistency.

7) Adaptation, appropriateness.

8) Agreement, conformity.

9) Capacity.

1) Equivalence (one of the Pramāṇas).

11) Acquaintance.

12) Loss, destruction.

13) (In rhet.) A possible case.

14) Cohabitation.

15) (pl.) Wealth, prosperity; स सर्वभयनिर्मुक्तः संभवानधितिष्ठति (sa sarvabhayanirmuktaḥ saṃbhavānadhitiṣṭhati) Mb.13.64.11.

16) Knowledge (vidyā); अन्यदेवाहुः संभवाद- न्यदाहुरसंभवात् (anyadevāhuḥ saṃbhavāda- nyadāhurasaṃbhavāt) Īśop.13.

17) Occurrence, appearance.

Derivable forms: saṃbhavaḥ (संभवः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃbhavā (संभवा).—name of the world (lokadhātu) of the former Buddha Mahābhijñājñānābhibhū: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 156.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāmbhava (शाम्भव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A sort of poison. 2. A worshipper of Siva. 3. The son of Sambhu or Siva. 4. Camphor. n.

(-vaṃ) The Devadaru tree. f. (-vī) Parvati. E. śambhu a name of Siva, aṇ aff.

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Sambhava (सम्भव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Cause, origin, motive. 2. Birth, production. 3. Mixing, union, combination. 4. Capacity, appropriateness, adaptation, the conformity of the receptacle to the thing received, or supporter to the thing supported. 5. Agreement, engagement. 6. Loss, destruction. 7. Acquaintance, intimacy. 8. Possibility. 9. Ability, adequacy. 10. Consistency, compatibility. 11. The third Jina of the present age. E. sam implying perfection or coexistence, bhū to be, ap aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāmbhava (शाम्भव).—i. e. śambhu + a, I. adj. Belonging to Śiva, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 175. Ii. m. 1. Śiva. 2. A worshipper of Śiva. 3. A sort of poison. Iii. f. , Pārvatī.

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Saṃbhava (संभव).—i. e. sam-bhū + a, m. 1. Mixing, union. 2. Adaptation, appropriateness. 3. Adequacy, ability. 4. Possibility. 5. Compatibility, consistency. 6. Agreement. 7. Acquaintance. 8. Destruction, loss. 9. Springing up, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 72; origin, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 116; birth, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 156, 6; [Pañcatantra] 263, 23; production, [Hitopadeśa] 16, 5, M.M. 10. Producing and rearing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 227. 11. Cause, motive, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 328 (grahaṇa-, of taking, viz. the life of a dependent).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṃbhava (शंभव).—[adjective] = śaṃbhu [adjective]

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Śāṃbhava (शांभव).—[feminine] ī relating to Cambhu (Śiva).

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Saṃbhava (संभव).—(saṃbhava) [masculine] being together, union, cohabitation; finding room or being contained in ([locative]); birth, origin, source; cause, motive; happening, rising, appearance; being, existence, possibility. Often adj. originating in, sprung from, caused by, appearing in or at (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śambhava (शम्भव):—[=śam-bhava] [from śam] a mfn. = śambhu, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] m. (with Jainas) Name of the third Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [=śam-bhava] b śam-bhaviṣṭha See under 2. śam, p. 1054, col. 2.

4) Śāmbhava (शाम्भव):—mf(ī)n. ([from] śam-bhu) coming or derived from Śiva, relating or belonging or sacred to him, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) m. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a worshipper of Śiva

6) a son of Śambhu

7) Sesbana Grandiflora

8) camphor

9) a sort of poison

10) bdellium

11) n. Pinus Deodora, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Sambhava (सम्भव):—[=sam-bhava] a etc. See p. 1179, col. 1.

13) [=sam-bhava] [from sam-bhū] b m. (or sam-bhava) (ifc. f(ā). ) being or coming together, meeting, union, intercourse ([especially] sexual int°, cohabitation), [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa]

14) [v.s. ...] finding room in, being contained in (ifc.= ‘contained in’), [Mahābhārata; Suśruta]

15) [v.s. ...] birth, production, origin, source, the being produced from ([ablative]; ifc. = ‘arisen or produced from, made of, grown in’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

16) [v.s. ...] cause, reason, occasion (ifc.= ‘caused or occasioned by’), [ib.]

17) [v.s. ...] being brought about, occurrence, appearance (ifc. = ‘occurring’ or ‘appearing in’), [ib.]

18) [v.s. ...] being, existence, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

19) [v.s. ...] capacity, ability, possibility (ifc. ‘made possible by’; ena, ‘according to possibility’, ‘as possible’), [Mahābhārata; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

20) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) a possible case, [Kuvalayānanda]

21) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) equivalence (regarded as one of the Pramāṇas q.v.; illustrated by the equivalence between one shilling and pence), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

22) [v.s. ...] agreement, conformity ([especially] of the receptacle with the thing received), [Horace H. Wilson]

23) [v.s. ...] compatibility, adequacy, [ib.]

24) [v.s. ...] acquaintance, intimacy, [ib.]

25) [v.s. ...] loss, destruction, [ib.]

26) [v.s. ...] (with Buddhists) Name of a world, [Saddharma-puṇḍarīka]

27) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

28) [v.s. ...] of the third Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. existing, being, [Pañcarātra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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