Wisdom Library Logo

Prithvi, aka: Pṛthvī; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Prithvi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pṛthvī can be transliterated into English as Prthvi or Prithvi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasaśāstra (chemistry and alchemy)

Pṛthvī (पृथ्वी):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstraRasaśāstra book cover
context information

Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasa-shastra) is an important branch of Āyurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasaśāstra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Pṛthvī (पृथ्वी, “earth”):—One of the five gross elements assigned as a zone (or sphere) to the human body (bhūtamaṇḍala), according the Yogatattva-upaniṣad. The element earth is assigned to the region from the feet up to the knees. Earth is represented by a square (caturasra), the colour yellow (pīta) and the syllable la (ल). The deity presiding over this region is Brahmā;

Source: Wisdom Library: YogaYoga book cover
context information

Originally, Yoga is considered a branch of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Āyurveda (science of life)

Pṛthvī (पृथ्वी) is another name for Punarnavā, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Boerhavia diffusa (spreading hogweed) from the Nyctaginaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.117-119), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botanyĀyurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Purāṇa

1a) Pṛthvī (पृथ्वी).—First milked by Brahmā; Calf Vāyu; In Svāyambhuvamanvantara by Agnidhara—Calf Svāyambhuva. In Svārociṣa by Caitra—Calf Svārociṣa Manu. In Uttama by Devabhuja—Calf Uttama Manu. In Tāmasa by Bālabandhu—Calf Tāmasa Manu. In Cāriṣṇava by Purāṇa—Calf Cariṣṇava Manu. In Cākṣuṣa by Purāṇa— Calf Cākṣuṣa Manu. In Vaivasvata by Vainya—Calf Soma.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 12-19.

1b) The first seven vātaskandas; also known as āhava.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 114.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Pṛthvī (पृथ्वी) is a synonym for adhiṣṭhāna (‘platform’), according to the Kāśyapaśilpa 6.1-2. The word adhiṣṭhāna is Sanskrit technical term referring to the “base” or “platform” on which a structure is built.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstraŚilpaśāstra book cover
context information

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of prithvi or prthvi in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Vaiśeṣika (school of philosophy)

Pṛthvī (पृथ्वी, “earth”) is one of the nine dravyas (‘substances’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These dravyas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings. Pṛthvī is also regarded as one of the five bhūtas (‘elements’) possessing a specific quality making it cognizable.

Source: Wikipedia: VaisheshikaVaiśeṣika book cover
context information

Vaiśeṣika (वैशेषिक, vaisheshika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (āstika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upaniṣads. Vaiśeṣika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similair to Buddhism in nature

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Pṛthvī (पृथ्वी) is another name for Vilambitagati, which refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the second, the sixth, the eighth, the twelfth, the fourteenth, the fifteenth and the seventeenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).

⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼¦¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼¦¦
⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼¦¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼¦¦

Pṛthvī falls in the Atyaṣṭi class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing seventeen syllables each.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstraNāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Prithvi is the Sanskrit name for earth and its essence Prithivi Tattwa, in the name of a Hindu Deity. Prithvi is also called Dhra, Dharti, Dhrithri, meaning that which holds everything. Amongst lokas (worlds), it is also known as Bhu-loka.

etymology: Prithvi (Sanskrit: पृथ्वी pṛthvī, also पृथिवी pṛthivī).

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

1) Pṛthvī  (पृथ्वी) is the mother of Supārśva, the seventh of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Pṛthvī is Pratiṣṭha according to Śvetāmbara but Supratiṣṭha according to Digambara. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

2) Pṛthvī (पृथ्वी) is the mother of Svayambhū: the third Vāsudeva (“violent heroes”) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Since they enjoy half the power of a Cakravartin (universal monarch) they are also known as Ardhacakrins. Jain legends describe nine such Vāsudevas usually appearing together with their “gentler” twins known as the Baladevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The stories of queen Pṛthvī, king Soma and their son, Svayambhū are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Pṛthvī (पृथ्वी) is the mother of Indrabhūti, Agnibhūti and Vāyubhūti: the first trough third of the eleven gaṇadharas (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Śramaṇa Lord Mahāvīra’s congregation had 11 gaṇadharas. All these were Brahmin householders from different places. All these gaṇadharas (for example, Indrabhūti, Agnibhūti and Vāyubhūti) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Relevant definitions

Search found 53 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Prithvitattva
Pṛthvītattva (पृथ्वीतत्त्व, “earth”):—One of the Thirty-six Tattvas, accor...
Prithvikaya
Pṛthvīkāya (पृथ्वीकाय) refers to “earth-embodied life forms” and is one of the five types of ‘i...
Prithvikayika
Pṛthvīkāyika (पृथ्वीकायिक) is another name for pṛthvīkāya: “earth-embodied life forms”, which i...
Prithvisetti
Pṛthvīseṭṭi is the name of a merchant mentioned in the “Miraj stone inscription of Vijayaditya”...
Prakriti
prakṛti (प्रकृति).—f (S) Constitution or disposition; temperament or temper (whether of body or...
Dravya
1) Dravya (द्रव्य, “substance”).—What is the meaning of substance (dravya)? Substance is an ent...
Varaha
Varāha (वराह) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stones).—Th...
Vasudeva
Vāsudeva (वासुदेव) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stones...
Prithivi
Pṛthivī (पृथिवी, “earth”) refers to one of the five types of immobile beings (sthāvara), accord...
Loka
Loka (लोक).—With the ordinary physical eyes, men are able to see everything belonging to the ph...
Dosha
dōṣa (दोष).—m Fault; sin. Disorder of the bumours of the body.--- OR --- dōṣā (दोषा).—f Night. ...
Soma
Soma plant.—Many books have been written identifying its source from the birch forests of Siber...
Adholoka
Adhaloka (अधलोक, “nether universe”).—The seven hellish grounds are suspended in the nether univ...
Bhuta
Bhūta (भूत) refers to the “devil” class of “peripatetic celestial beings” (vyantara), itself a ...
Mangala
maṅgala (मंगल).—n (S) Good fortune, well-being, welfare. 2 A festive occasion in general, as ma...

Relevant text

Search found books containing Prithvi or Pṛthvī. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:

- Was this explanation helpful? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.