Prithudara, Prithu-udara, Pṛthūdara: 5 definitions


Prithudara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pṛthūdara can be transliterated into English as Prthudara or Prithudara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prithudara in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pṛthūdara (पृथूदर).—A celebrated Yakṣa. This Yakṣa got a daughter named Saudāminī. Her father took her to different mountains to entertain her. One day while she was playing with her companion Kapiśabhrū she met a Yaksaputra named Aṭṭahāsa. They fell in love and Saudāminī’s father agreed to their marriage and fixed it. After fixing the marriage Pṛthūdara took his daughter to his house. Next day her companion Kapiśabhrū came to Saudāminī in a sorrowful mood and when she asked her the reason she said "Friend, how am I to report to you this sad news. On my way to you I passed through a garden named Citrasthala in the valley of the Himālayas. To have some sport with the love-stricken Aṭṭahāsa his friends staged a drama in which Aṭṭahāsa was made Vaiśravaṇarāja and his brother Dīptaśikha, Nalakūbara, and the rest, his ministers. They were thus acting and enjoying when Nalakūbara himself came that way and seeing his servant Aṭṭahāsa in the robes and form of his father was angry and calling Aṭṭahāsa to his side said: "A servant like you is ambitious of becoming a king. Let this ambition be the cause of your downfall. You will be born as man." Aṭṭahāsa was shocked and he craved pardon "Oh Lord, I did this only for some entertainment. I did not do it with any desire for a big position. Pardon me for my mistake. Nalakūbara then by his divine power understood everything and taking pity on him consoled him and said "She with whom you are in love will be your wife in your life as man. Your brother Dīptaśikha will then be born as your son. Both of you will then be released from the curse. Dīptaśikha after ruling the country for some time will also be free from this curse." Aṭṭahāsa and Dīptaśikha soon disappeared by the power of the curse. (See full article at Story of Pṛthūdara from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prithudara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pṛthūdara (पृथूदर) is the name of a Yakṣa and father of Saudāminī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as Saudāminī said to Pavitradhara: “... there is on the confines of the southern region a range of tamāla forests, dark with clouds that obscure the sun, looking like the home of the monsoon. In it dwells a famous Yakṣa of the name of Pṛthūdara, and I am his only daughter, Saudāminī by name. My loving father led me from one mighty mountain to another, and I was for ever amusing myself in heavenly gardens”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pṛthūdara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prithudara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthūdara (पृथूदर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Large-bellied, stout, corpulent. m.

(-raḥ) A ram. E. pṛthu, and udara the belly.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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