Priti, Prīti, Prītī: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Priti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Prīti (प्रीति, “love”):—One of the twenty-four emanations of Lakṣmī accompanying Nārāyaṇa. This particular manifestation couples with his counterpart form called Pradyumna and together they form the fifteenth celestial couple. Lakṣmī represents a form of the Goddess (Devī) as the wife of Viṣṇu, while Nārāyaṇa represents the personification of his creative energy, according to the Pāñcarātra literature.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prīti (प्रीति) is one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa by Prasūti: one of the three daughters of Svāyambhuvamanu and Śatarūpā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“Dakṣa begot twenty-four daughters. The eleven younger daughters were [... Prīti,...]. The great aspirants [Pulastya] and others took the hands of these famous daughters (e.g., Prīti married Pulastya). Thereupon the entire universe consisting of three worlds, mobile and immobile was filled (with progeny). Thus according to their own actions and at the bidding of Śiva innumerable famous Brahmins were born out of the various living beings”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Prīti (प्रीति).—Wife of sage Pulastya. Prīti got a son named Dattoli of her husband Pulastya, That Dattoli was in his previous birth the Agastya of Svāyambhuva Manvantara. (Chapter 107, Aṃśa 17, Viṣṇu Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Prīti (प्रीति).—A Kalā of the moon.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 92.

1b) A Kalā of Viṣṇu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 95.

2a) Prītī (प्रीती).—A wife of the God of Love, the other being Rati; was in her previous birth a courtesan, Anangavati who observed vibhūtidvādaśīvrata.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 100. 32.

2b) A daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Pulastya;1 mother of three sons, Dānāgni, Devabāhu and Atri;2 also son Dattoli (Viṣṇu-purāṇa).3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 27, 31; 28. 22; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 25.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 52, 55; 11. 26.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 9.

2c) A wife of Angirasa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 7.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Prīti (प्रीति) refers to one of the daughters of Dakṣa and Prasūti: one of the two daughters of Manu-svāyaṃbhuva and Śatarūpā, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Ākūti was married to Ruci and Prasūti to Dakṣa. Dakṣa produced in Prasūti twenty-four daughters. [...] [Prīti was given to Pulastya.] Pulastya and Prīti had a son named Datta who was well known as Agastya .

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Prīti (प्रीति) refers to one of the twenty-two quarters tones (śruti) existing within an octave, according to the Saṅgīta-ratnākara (“ocean of music and dance”). This work is an important Sanskrit treatise dealing with ancient Indian musicology (gāndharva-śāstra), composed by Śārṅgadeva in the 13th century and deals with both Carnatic and Hindustani music. Prīti has a frequency of 331.1198Hz.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Prīti (प्रीति, “happiness”).—Illustration of Prīti-śruti according to 15th century art:—The colour of her body is golden. She holds a vīṇā with both hands. The colour of her bodice is green and the scarf is rosy with its both borders drawn with a golden ink, the colour of the lower garment is blue with a black design.

The illustrations (of, for example Prīti) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Priti (प्रिति, “pleasure”) refers to one of the five classes of Dhyāna (meditation) which is one of six limbs of Yoga to be employed in Uttamasevā (excellent worship), according to the Guhyasamāja chapter 18.—[...] Dhyāna (meditation) is explained as the conception of the five desired objects through the five Dhyāni Buddhas, namely, Vairocana, Ratnasambhava, Amitābha, Amoghasiddhi and Akṣobhya. This Dhyāna is again subdivided into five kinds [viz., Priti (pleasure)].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Prīti (प्रीति, “joy”) refers to one of ten constituents (dravya) of the thirty-seven auxiliaries to enlightenment (bodhipākṣika), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—Accordingly, “these thirty-seven auxiliaries (bodhipākṣika) have ten things (dravya) as roots (mūla). Joy (prīti) constitutes the factor-of-enlightenment called joy (prīti-saṃbodhyaṅga)”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Prīti (प्रीति, “joy”) refers to one of the “seven factors of awakening” (bodhyaṅga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 49), itself forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., prīti). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prīti (प्रीति).—f (S) pop. prīta f Love, affection, kindly regard: also favor. 2 A liking or fondness for; a delighting or gratifying one's self in. Ex. phaṇasa ṭākuni rasāḷa || prītīnēṃ ghētalēṃ kanakaphaḷa ||. 3 The second of the twenty-seven astronomical Yog. See under yōga. prīti lāvaṇēṃ or lāvūna ghēṇēṃ To win the affection of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prīti (प्रीति).—f prīta f Love, affection. A fond- ness for. prīti lāvaṇēṃ or lāvūna ghēṇēṃ To win the affection of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prīti (प्रीति).—[prī bhāve ktic] f. Pleasure, happiness, satisfaction, delight, gladness, joy, gratification; निहत्य धार्त- राष्ट्रान् नः का प्रीतिः स्याज्जनार्दन (nihatya dhārta- rāṣṭrān naḥ kā prītiḥ syājjanārdana) Bg.1.36; Bhāg.1.23.32. भुवनालोकनप्रीतिः (bhuvanālokanaprītiḥ) Ku.2.45;6.21; R.2.51; Me.64.

2) Favour, kindness.

3) Love, affection, regard; प्रीतिप्रमुख- वचनं स्वागतं व्याजहार (prītipramukha- vacanaṃ svāgataṃ vyājahāra) Me.4,16; R.1.57;12.54.

4) Liking or fondness for, delight in, addiction to; द्यूत°, मृगया° (dyūta°, mṛgayā°).

5) Friendliness, amity.

6) Conciliation.

7) A symbolical expression for the letter ध (dha).

9) Name of a wife of Cupid and rival of Rati; (sa cānaṅgavatī veśyā kāmadevasya sāṃpratam | patnī, sapatnī saṃjātā ratyāḥ prītiriti śrutā || Matsya P.).

10) Longing (abhilāṣā); प्रीतिरेषा कथं रामो राजा स्यान्मयि जीवति ॥ एषा ह्यस्य परा प्रीतिर्हृदि संपरिवर्तते (prītireṣā kathaṃ rāmo rājā syānmayi jīvati || eṣā hyasya parā prītirhṛdi saṃparivartate) | Rām.2.1.36-37.

11) Name of a श्रुति (śruti).

12) The 2nd of the 27 astrological Yogas.

Derivable forms: prītiḥ (प्रीतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prīti (प्रीति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Joy, pleasure, happiness. 2. Love, affection, regard. 3. The wife of Kama, or Cupid. 4. The second of the twenty-seven astronomical Yogas. E. prī to please, aff. ktica .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prīti (प्रीति).—[prī + ti], f. 1. Joy, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 71; gratification, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 96, M. M. 2. Love, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 317; [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 99, 100. 3. Peaceable way, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 421. 4. The wife of Kāma, or Cupid.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prīti (प्रीति).—[feminine] pleasure, satisfaction, or delight in ([locative] or —°); friendship, love (also personif. as the wife of the god of love).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prīti (प्रीति):—[from prī] f. any pleasurable sensation, pleasure, joy, gladness, satisfaction (with [locative case] or ifc.; with [indeclinable participle], ‘joy at having done anything’), [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] friendly disposition, kindness, favour, grace, amity (with samam or ifc.), affection, love (with [genitive case] [locative case], or ifc.), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] joy or gratification personified ([especially] as a daughter of Dakṣa or as one of the two wives of Kāma-deva), [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Śruti, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

5) [v.s. ...] the 2nd of the 27 astrological, [Yoga-sūtra; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of the 13th Kalā of the moon, [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] a symbolical expression for the sound dh, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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