Viprithu, Vipṛthu: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Viprithu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vipṛthu can be transliterated into English as Viprthu or Viprithu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Viprithu in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vipṛthu (विपृथु).—A Kṣatriya of Vṛṣṇi dynasty. The following information is available about him in Mahābhārata.

(i) Vipṛthu was present at the Svayaṃvara marriage of Draupadī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Stanza 18).

(ii) He participated in the festival conducted on the mountain Raivata. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 218, Stanza 10).

(iii) Vipṛthu was a member of the group of Yādavas who took the dowry to Hastināpura in the marriage between Arjuna and Subhadrā. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 220, Stanza 32).

(iv) Vipṛthu stayed in the Palace of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Stanza 30).

2) Vipṛthu (विपृथु).—An ancient king in India. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 294, Stanza 20, that Vipṛthu had been the emperor of the world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vipṛthu (विपृथु).—A son of Citraka;1 stationed by Kṛṣṇa at the northern gate of Mathurā for defence against Jarāsandha; was on the right detachment of Kṛṣṇa's army;2 killed in the Yādava contest at Prabhāsā.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 114; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 113; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 11.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 20 [3]; [50 (v) 12].
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 46.

1b) A son of Aśvinī and Akrūra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 32.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vipṛthu (विपृथु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.17) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vipṛthu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vipṛthu (विपृथु):—[=vi-pṛthu] [from vi] m. [varia lectio] for vi-patha, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince belonging to the Vṛṣṇis, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of a son of Citraka and younger brother of Pṛthu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([wrong reading] pṛtha).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vipṛthu (विपृथु):—(2. vi + pṛthu)

1) v. l. für vipatha anderer Bücher [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 14, 72, 3] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 35.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines zu den Vṛṣṇi gehörenden Fürsten (neben pṛthu) [Mahābhārata 1, 6998. 7, 409.] saptarṣīṇāmathordhvaṃ ca vipṛthurnāma pārthivaḥ [12, 10810.] [Harivaṃśa 5078. 6626. 6635. fgg. 8058. 10298. 10386. 11008.] ein Sohn Citraka's (so auch die neuere Ausg. des [Viṣṇupurāṇa]) und jüngerer Bruder Pṛthu’s [1920. 2087.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 435] (vipṛtha ein Fehler bei [WILSON]).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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