Pandava, aka: Pāṇḍava; 15 Definition(s)
Pandava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Asitoda and mount Vipula, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Vipula mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—(Pāṇḍus)—The five sons of Pāṇḍu (s.v.); rumour that they were burnt in the house of lac built by Duryodhana; their escape in the disguise of Brahmanas; met by Kṛṣṇa in a Potter's hall in Pāñcāla city;1 married Draupadi;2 Kṛṣṇa sent Akrūra to Hastināpura to find out their position; seen by Akrūra; Akrūra pleaded their cause with Dhṛtarāṣṭra and reported his designs to Kṛṣṇa and Rāma;3 praised the heroic exploits of Kṛṣṇa;4 Kṛṣṇa who heard them burnt down, performed obsequies to.5
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 57. 1, 10[2-4]; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 65.
- 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 240, 246.
- 3) Ib. X. 48. 32-25; 49. 2, 19 and 31.
- 4) Ib. IX. 24. 63; Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 48.
- 5) Ib. 96. 63.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
In the Hindu epic Mahābhārata, the Pandava are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu, by his two wives Kunti and Madri. Their names are Yudhisthira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva. All five brothers were married to the same woman, Draupadi. Together, the brothers fought and prevailed in a great war against their cousins the Kauravas, which came to be known as the Battle of Kurukshetra. Their alienated half-brother Karna fought against them and was eventually slain by Arjuna.
Pandava; Sanskrit: पाण्डव pāṇḍavaḥ; also, Pandawa.
Pandu; (Sanskrit: पांडु).
The Pandavas are the five sons of Pandu, a king of the Kuru dynasty. Yudhishtra, Bheema and Arjuna were born to Kunti, his first wife. The twins Nakula and Sahadeva were born to his second wife Madri.
Each of the Pandavas has a divine father, as Pandu was incapable of fathering a child as a result of a curse. The father of Yudhishtra is Yama, the father of Bheema is Vayu, the father of Arjuna is Indra and the fathers of the twins Nakula and Sahadeva are the divine Ashwini twins.
The Pandavas were all married to the Panchala princess Draupadi. Arjuna and Bheema married other women also. Through Draupadi each Pandava fathered a son, and all of them were collectively known as the upa-Pandavas. All the upa-Pandavas were murdered by Ashwatthama at the end of the battle at Kurukshetra.Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Pāṇḍavaḥ (पाण्डव): Pandavas in Sanskrit pāṇḍavaḥ are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu, by his two wives Kunti and Madri. They are Yudhishtira, Bhima, Arjuna and Nakula, SahadevaSource: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—The five pious ksatriya brothers Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīma, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva. They were intimate friends of Lord Kṛṣṇa's and inherited the leadership of the world upon their victory over the Kurus in the Battle of Kurukṣetra.Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
The horse of Sama, king of Benares; his trainer was Giridanta (J.ii.98). See Giridanta Jataka.2. Pandava
A hill near Rajagaha, tinder the shadow of which the Buddha ate his meal when he begged alms in Rajagaha, soon after leaving home. J.i.66; SN.vs.414; DhA.i.85; Thag.vs.41, 1167; Mtu.ii.198, etc.
It is said (SNA.ii.383f) that ascetics lived on its eastern slope. It seems formerly to have borne another name (M.iii.68). Pandava was one of the halting places of Sivali Thera when on his way to the Himalaya. AA.i.139.3.Pandava
Adjective from Pandu. E.g., Cv.lxxxvii.29.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)
Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Pāṇḍava] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Paṇḍava (पण्डव) refers to one of the five mountains encircling Girivraja or Giribbaja: an ancient capital of Magadha, one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Early Pāli literature abounds in information about the Magadha country, its people, and its ancient capital Giribbaja. Magadha roughly corresponds to the modern Patna and Gayā districts of Bihar. The Mahābhārata seems to record that Girivraja was also called Bārhadrathapura as well as Māgadhapura and that Māgadhapura was a well-fortified city being protected by five hills. Other names recorded in the Mahābhārata are Varāha, Vrishabha, Rishigiri, and Caityaka. The statement of the Mahābhārata that Girivraja was protected by five hills is strikingly confirmed by the Vimānavatthu Commentary in which we read that the city of Giribbaja was encircled by the mountains Isigili, Vepulla, Vebhara, Paṇḍava and Gijjhakūṭa.Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
Pāṇḍava.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘five’. Note: pāṇḍava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
pāṇḍava (पांडव).—m (S) A descendant of paṇḍu. Applied esp. to yudhiṣṭhira and his four brothers. Hence 2 An aggregate of five (rupees &c.) 3 A kind of water-fowl.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
pāṇḍava (पांडव).—m A descendant of paṇḍḍa. Applied esp. to yudhiṣṭhira and his four brothers.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—[pāṇḍorapatyaṃ pumān orañ] 'A son or descendant of Pāṇḍu', Name of any one of the five sons of Pāṇḍu; i. e. युधिष्ठिर, भीम, अर्जुन, नकुल (yudhiṣṭhira, bhīma, arjuna, nakula) and सहदेव (sahadeva); मामकाः पाण्डवाश्चैव किमकुर्वत सञ्जय (māmakāḥ pāṇḍavāścaiva kimakurvata sañjaya) Bg.1.1; हंसाः संप्रति पाण्डवा इव वनादज्ञातचर्यां गताः (haṃsāḥ saṃprati pāṇḍavā iva vanādajñātacaryāṃ gatāḥ) Mk.5.6.
Derivable forms: pāṇḍavaḥ (पाण्डवः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—m. (= Pali Paṇḍava), n. of a mountain near Rājagṛha: LV 239.19; 240.10; 241.4, 10; Mv ii.198.14, 17; 199.5 (but here mss. pāṇḍaro or °ulo); in iii.438.12 text with mss. Pāṇḍaro, but Senart cites the passage without comment s.v. Pāṇḍava; it certainly refers to the same mountain. (For °vāḥ, m. pl., MSV ii.31.17, see s.v. Khaṣa.)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-vaḥ) A Pandava or descendant of Pandu; especially applied to Yudhist'Hira and his four brothers. E. pāṇḍu a proper name, and patronymic aff. orañ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Full-text (+450): Pandu, Nakula, Pandavabhila, Madhyamapandava, Sahadeva, Vidura, Kirmira, Duryodhana, Dhrishtadyumna, Drona, Bhima, Virata, Cekitana, Yudhamanyu, Dhritarashtra, Draupadi, Bhimasena, Pandavayana, Arjuna, Dharmaraja.
Search found 55 books and stories containing Pandava, Pāṇḍava; (plurals include: Pandavas, Pāṇḍavas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chapter 1 - Ashvatthama Destroys the Pandava Army < [Sauptika Parva]
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.2.28 < [Chapter 2 - Divya: In Heaven]
Verse 1.5.5 < [Chapter 5 - Priya: The Beloved]
Verse 1.4.84 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta: The Devotee]
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CLXXXV < [Chaitraratha Parva]
Section CXLI < [Sambhava Parva]
Section LX < [Adivansavatarana Parva]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)