Pandava, Pāṇḍava: 24 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pandava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Asitoda and mount Vipula, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Vipula mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—(Pāṇḍus)—The five sons of Pāṇḍu (s.v.); rumour that they were burnt in the house of lac built by Duryodhana; their escape in the disguise of Brahmanas; met by Kṛṣṇa in a Potter's hall in Pāñcāla city;1 married Draupadi;2 Kṛṣṇa sent Akrūra to Hastināpura to find out their position; seen by Akrūra; Akrūra pleaded their cause with Dhṛtarāṣṭra and reported his designs to Kṛṣṇa and Rāma;3 praised the heroic exploits of Kṛṣṇa;4 Kṛṣṇa who heard them burnt down, performed obsequies to.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 57. 1, 10[2-4]; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 65.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 240, 246.
  • 3) Ib. X. 48. 32-25; 49. 2, 19 and 31.
  • 4) Ib. IX. 24. 63; Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 48.
  • 5) Ib. 96. 63.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—The five pious ksatriya brothers Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīma, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva. They were intimate friends of Lord Kṛṣṇa's and inherited the leadership of the world upon their victory over the Kurus in the Battle of Kurukṣetra.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव) refers to “(1) A name for Arjuna (2) A son of King Pāṇḍu”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव) refers to:—The five sons of Pāṇḍu: Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīma, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव) or Pāṇḍavagītā refers to one of the sixty-four Gītās commonly referred to in Hindu scriptures.—Gītā is the name given to certain sacred writings in verse (often in the form of a dialogue) which are devoted to the exposition of particular religious and theosophical doctrines. Most of these Gītās [i.e., Pāṇḍava-gītā] originate from the Mahābhārata or the various Purāṇas.

context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In the Hindu epic Mahābhārata, the Pandava are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu, by his two wives Kunti and Madri. Their names are Yudhisthira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva. All five brothers were married to the same woman, Draupadi. Together, the brothers fought and prevailed in a great war against their cousins the Kauravas, which came to be known as the Battle of Kurukshetra. Their alienated half-brother Karna fought against them and was eventually slain by Arjuna.

Pandava; Sanskrit: पाण्‍डव pāṇḍavaḥ; also, Pandawa.
Pandu; (Sanskrit: पांडु).

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

The Pandavas are the five sons of Pandu, a king of the Kuru dynasty. Yudhishtra, Bheema and Arjuna were born to Kunti, his first wife. The twins Nakula and Sahadeva were born to his second wife Madri.

Each of the Pandavas has a divine father, as Pandu was incapable of fathering a child as a result of a curse. The father of Yudhishtra is Yama, the father of Bheema is Vayu, the father of Arjuna is Indra and the fathers of the twins Nakula and Sahadeva are the divine Ashwini twins.

The Pandavas were all married to the Panchala princess Draupadi. Arjuna and Bheema married other women also. Through Draupadi each Pandava fathered a son, and all of them were collectively known as the upa-Pandavas. All the upa-Pandavas were murdered by Ashwatthama at the end of the battle at Kurukshetra.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Pāṇḍavaḥ (पाण्‍डव): Pandavas in Sanskrit pāṇḍavaḥ are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu, by his two wives Kunti and Madri. They are Yudhishtira, Bhima, Arjuna and Nakula, Sahadeva

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Pandava

The horse of Sama, king of Benares; his trainer was Giridanta (J.ii.98). See Giridanta Jataka.

2. Pandava

A hill near Rajagaha, tinder the shadow of which the Buddha ate his meal when he begged alms in Rajagaha, soon after leaving home. J.i.66; SN.vs.414; DhA.i.85; Thag.vs.41, 1167; Mtu.ii.198, etc.

It is said (SNA.ii.383f) that ascetics lived on its eastern slope. It seems formerly to have borne another name (M.iii.68). Pandava was one of the halting places of Sivali Thera when on his way to the Himalaya. AA.i.139.

3.Pandava

Adjective from Pandu. E.g., Cv.lxxxvii.29.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Pāṇḍava] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Paṇḍava (पण्डव) refers to one of the five mountains encircling Girivraja or Giribbaja: an ancient capital of Magadha, one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Early Pāli literature abounds in information about the Magadha country, its people, and its ancient capital Giribbaja. Magadha roughly corresponds to the modern Patna and Gayā districts of Bihar. The Mahābhārata seems to record that Girivraja was also called Bārhadrathapura as well as Māgadhapura and that Māgadhapura was a well-fortified city being protected by five hills. Other names recorded in the Mahābhārata are Varāha, Vrishabha, Rishigiri, and Caityaka. The statement of the Mahābhārata that Girivraja was protected by five hills is strikingly confirmed by the Vimānavatthu Commentary in which we read that the city of Giribbaja was encircled by the mountains Isigili, Vepulla, Vebhara, Paṇḍava and Gijjhakūṭa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pāṇḍava.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘five’. Note: pāṇḍava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāṇḍava (पांडव).—m (S) A descendant of paṇḍu. Applied esp. to yudhiṣṭhira and his four brothers. Hence 2 An aggregate of five (rupees &c.) 3 A kind of water-fowl.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pāṇḍava (पांडव).—m A descendant of paṇḍḍa. Applied esp. to yudhiṣṭhira and his four brothers.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—[pāṇḍorapatyaṃ pumān orañ] 'A son or descendant of Pāṇḍu', Name of any one of the five sons of Pāṇḍu; i. e. युधिष्ठिर, भीम, अर्जुन, नकुल (yudhiṣṭhira, bhīma, arjuna, nakula) and सहदेव (sahadeva); मामकाः पाण्डवाश्चैव किमकुर्वत सञ्जय (māmakāḥ pāṇḍavāścaiva kimakurvata sañjaya) Bg.1.1; हंसाः संप्रति पाण्डवा इव वनादज्ञातचर्यां गताः (haṃsāḥ saṃprati pāṇḍavā iva vanādajñātacaryāṃ gatāḥ) Mk.5.6.

Derivable forms: pāṇḍavaḥ (पाण्डवः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—m. (= Pali Paṇḍava), name of a mountain near Rājagṛha: Lalitavistara 239.19; 240.10; 241.4, 10; Mahāvastu ii.198.14, 17; 199.5 (but here mss. pāṇḍaro or °ulo); in iii.438.12 text with mss. Pāṇḍaro, but Senart cites the passage without comment s.v. Pāṇḍava; it certainly refers to the same mountain. (For °vāḥ, m. pl., Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.31.17, see s.v. Khaṣa.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—m.

(-vaḥ) A Pandava or descendant of Pandu; especially applied to Yudhist'Hira and his four brothers. E. pāṇḍu a proper name, and patronymic aff. orañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—i. e. pāṇḍu + a, I. patronym. A descendant of Pāṇḍu, viz. Yudhiṣṭhira and his four brothers. Ii. m. A partisan of the five Pāṇḍavas. Iii. adj., f. , Belonging to, connected with, the five Pāṇḍavas, Mahābhārata 6, 3303.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव).—[masculine] a son or descendant of Pāṇḍu; [adjective], [feminine] ī belonging to the Pāṇḍavas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pāṇḍava (पाण्डव):—[from pāṇḍu] m. a son or descendant of Pāṇḍu or a partisan of the Pāṇḍavas

2) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) the 5 reputed sons of Pāṇḍu (Yudhi-ṣṭhira, Bhīma, Arjuna, Nakula and Saha-deva; cf. Kuntī and Mādrī) or their adherents, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain, [Lalita-vistara]

4) [v.s. ...] of a country, [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] mf(ī)n. belonging to or connected with the Pāṇḍavas, [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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