Dhaumya, Dhaumyā: 12 definitions


Dhaumya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Dhaumya (धौम्य).—A hermit. General information. This hermit was the younger brother of Devala, a hermit. The Pāṇḍavas, who escaped from burning in the Lākṣā house, reached the banks of the Ganges when this hermit was performing penance in the holy tīrtha of Utkoca. Arjuna defeated Citraratha, a Gandharva. After that Citraratha and Arjuna became friends. The gandharva advised him that a priest was unavoidable and that the Pāṇḍavas should accept the hermit Dhaumya who was doing penance in the Utkocatīrtha as their priest. Accordingly the Pāṇḍavas accepted Dhaumya as their priest. From that day onwards in everything the Pāṇḍavas did, Dhaumya was their priest. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 182). (See full article at Story of Dhaumya from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Dhaumya (धौम्य).—In the Purāṇas we see another hermit with the name Dhaumya. In Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 14, Stanza 112, it is mentioned that this hermit was the brother and teacher of hermit Upamanyu. He had been keeping contact with Dyumatsena, the father of Satyavān. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 298, Stanza 19). Other names such as Ayodha Dhaumya, Āyodha Dhaumya, Apodhadhaumya, Āpodhadhaumya etc. are used for this Dhaumya, (For details see under Ayodhadhaumya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dhaumya (धौम्य).—Was invited for Yudhiṣṭhira's Rājasūya;1 followed Yudhiṣṭhira on a visit to the dying Bhīṣma;2 grieved at Kṛṣṇa's departure from Hastināpura.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 74. 9.
  • 2) Ib. I. 9. 2.
  • 3) Ib. I. 10. 10, 12-3

1b) Madhyamādhvaryu Kaśyapa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 15.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Dhaumya (धौम्य) is the name of an ancient sage and younger brother of Upamanyu, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism. The story of Upamanyu is related in the thirty sixth chapter of the Saurapurāṇa.—This story is described in detail in the Mahābhārata, Anuśāsanaparva 14.112-370 and Liṅgapurāṇa 1.170.3-64; Śivapurāṇa III.32. In Mahābhārata, Upamanyu is stated to be the son of sage Vyaāhrapāda and in Liṅgapurāṇa he is said to be son of Dhaumya.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Dhaumyā (धौम्या):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Randhra, the first seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Dhaumyā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dhaumya (धौम्य) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Dhaumya (धौम्य) refers to:—The priest of the Pāṇḍavas. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Dhaumya (धौम्‍य): Preceptor of the Pandavas, who accompanied them during their exile to the Kurijangala forest, singing Sama hymns addressed to Yama, Lord of Death.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhaumya (धौम्य).—Name of an ancient Ṛiṣi; the family priest of the Pāṇḍavas.

Derivable forms: dhaumyaḥ (धौम्यः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhaumya (धौम्य).—[masculine] patron. names.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhaumya (धौम्य):—[from dhaumaka] m. ([patronymic] [from] dhūma [gana] gargādi) Name of an ancient Ṛṣi, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vyāghra-pāda, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of a younger brother of Devala and family priest of the Pāṇḍavas, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a pupil of Vālmīki, [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of sub voce authors, [Catalogue(s)]

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhaumya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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