Vidura, aka: Vidūra, Vidurā; 15 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vidura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vidura in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vidura (विदुर):—One of the sons of Vyāsa (the popular name for Bādarāyaṇa, who was begotten by Parāśara Muni through the womb of Satyavatī). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.25)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Vidura (विदुर).—A Kṣetraja son of Vicitravīrya (through the female servants of the queens of Vicitravīrya, Viṣṇu-purāṇa); a son of Kṛṣṇadvaipāyana (Vyāsa) and a brother of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Yudhiṣṭhira narrated the services done by Vidura to the Pāṇḍavas from the beginning and asked about the welfare of Kṛṣṇa and others when Vidura spent sometime at Hāstinapura. Persuaded Dhṛtarāṣṭra to leave the capital secretly to the Himālayas for penance, Gāndhārī following him.1 Insulted by Duryodhana, Karṇa, and Śakuni and ordered to be banished. Left Hāstinapura and wandered through the holy places and reaching Prabhāsā, heard of the establishment of rule by Yudhiṣṭhira. Hearing of the death of his kinsmen he went back to the Sarasvatī and performed ablutions at eleven different places sacred to Trita, Uśanas, etc. Passing through the flourishing Surāṣṭra, Sauvīra and other countries, he reached the Yamunā and met Uddhava. Asked him about the welfare of his kinsmen including Ugrasena and sons of Kṛṣṇa. Entertained by him and having heard of the last days of Kṛṣṇa and the Yādavas and of the fact that Maitreya had been ordered by Kṛṣṇa to be his preceptor, Vidura left Yamunā for the Ganges where he met Maitreya.2 Being addressed, Maitreya said that Vidura was god Yama incarnate, and gave him a brief description of the creations and of the knowledge of one god, and that Hari was the goal. Listened to the story of Uttānapāda and his line, and the discourse on Ātman.3 Left for Hāstinapura; having abandoned his relatives came back to them. Welcomed by Yudhiṣṭhira and others. Invited for Yudhiṣṭhira's Rājasūya in which he took an active part, and approved of the anointment of Yudhiṣṭhira. Went to Syamantapañcaka for the solar eclipse, and left it after it was over.4 Seen by Akrūra, met by Kṛtavarman, Rāma and Kṛṣṇa.5 After the death of Dhṛtarāṣṭra and his wife, Vidura went on a pilgrimage and cast off his body at Prabhāsā. Had realised the Yoga power of Hari.6

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 50. 47; Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 25; I. 13. 8-29. Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 242;
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 1. (whole) chh. 2 and 3; 4. 33-6; 5. 1.
  • 3) Ib. III. chh. 5 and 7 (whole); I. 13. 1-7; II. 10. 48-50; IV. 31. 30.
  • 4) Ib. 13. 1-7; X. 74. 10; 75. 6; 80. [5]; 82. 24; 84. 69[1]; XII. 12. 8.
  • 5) Ib. X. 49. 1 and 6; 52. [56 (v) 4 and 12]; 57. 2.
  • 6) Ib. I. 13. 57-58; 15. 49; II. 7. 45.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vidura (विदुर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.79) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vidura) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Vidura was the son of sage Vyasa and a servant girl of the princess Ambika. Asked to host the Vyasa for a second time (for she had closed her eyes the first time, and the resulting child was born blind), Amba was so disgusted, that she sent her servant girl instead. Since the servant girl was able to fulfill the condition of the penance, she begat a son who was very wise. This is the story of Vidura's birth, told in greater detail here.

He was a very wise man and was learned in all the scriptures. He was an incarnation of the Lord of justice, Dharma (Yama), who had been born as a mortal, thanks to a curse from a sage named Mandavya. He became the chief minister of his brother Pandu, and continued in that capacity to Dhritharashtra, when Pandu retired to the forest. He sought to counteract the excess partiality that Dhritharashtra displayed towards his sons, imploring him to give equal love to his nephews, the Pandavas. He was not always successful in this, though he tried hard.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Vidura (विदुर): Vidura was a son of a maid-servant who served the Queens of Hastinapura, Queen Ambika and Ambalika. A friend of pandavas. After Krishna, he was the most trusted advisor to the Pandavas and had warned them repeatedly about Duryodhana's plots.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vidura (विदुर).—The son of Vyāsadeva by a maidservant of Ambalikā and the half brother of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He was an incarnation of the great devotee mahājana, Yamarāja, and an uncle of the Pāṇḍavas.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

One of the wives of Udaya IV. She fixed a mandorla (padajala) on an image of the Buddha which was in the Mahavihara. Cv.liii.50.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vidura in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vidūra : (adj.) remote; distant.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vidūra, (adj.) (vi+dūra) far, remote, distant A. II, 50 (su°). Mostly neg. not far, i.e. near Sn. 147; PvA. 14, 31, 78, 81. (Page 622)

— or —

Vidura, (adj.) (fr. vid, cp. Sk. vidura) wise, clever J. V, 399 (=paṇḍita C.). Cp. vidhura 2. (Page 621)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vidura (विदुर).—a S Wise, knowing, intelligent.

--- OR ---

vidura (विदुर).—m (S) The proper name of the younger brother of dhṛtarāṣṭra and chief counselor of duryōdhana and the kaurava princes. 2 Hence (as vidura was illegitimate) a cant term for a male child born out of wedlock.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vidura (विदुर).—a Wise, knowing, intelligent.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidurā (विदुरा).—n. of a rākṣasī: Māy 243.16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Vidura-sara
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Viduraga
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