Kurukshetra, aka: Kurukṣetra, Kuru-kshetra; 12 Definition(s)


Kurukshetra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kurukṣetra can be transliterated into English as Kuruksetra or Kurukshetra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Kurukshetra in Itihasa glossaries]

Kurukṣetra (कुरुक्षेत्र):—In the Jābāla-upaniṣad it is said: “Kurukṣetra is for the gods the resort of the gods; and for all the creatures it is the abode of Brahman, place of liberation, salvation.” In the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa, too, we have: “Kurukṣetra is indeed the place of sacrifices to the gods”.

(Source): Google Books: Bhagavad-Gita with the Commentary of Sankaracarya

Kurukṣetra (कुरुक्षेत्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.89.42) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kuru-kṣetra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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[Kurukshetra in Purana glossaries]

Kurukṣetra (कुरुक्षेत्र):—The kingdom of Kuru (son of Saṃvaraṇa and his wife Tapatī). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.4-5)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Kurukṣetra (कुरुक्षेत्र).—General. Made famous by the Mahābhārata, Kurukṣetra is a sacred place situated to the south of the river Sarasvatī and north of Dṛṣadvatī. People who live in this region really live in heaven. (Araṇyakāṇḍa, Chapter 83, Verse 4). (See full article at Story of Kurukṣetra from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Kurukṣetra (कुरुक्षेत्र).—Founded by Kuru and sacred to Harī.1 Watered by the river Sarasvatī.2 Capital city of the Kurus.3 Sages of Kurukṣetra visited Dvāraka. At Kurukṣetra Kṛṣṇa performed sacrifices for twelve years.4 The battlefield where the Pāṇḍavas fought with the Kurus led by Duryodhana.5 Here Paraśurāma dug a lake called Syamantapañcaka.6 On the occasion of a sacrifice Sūta narrated the br. purāṇa here.7 Purūravas met Urvaśī after their separation at; the residence of Sanatkumāra and Dharmarāja fit for śrāddha offerings, and sacred to Pitṛs. Founded by Kuru, son of Samvaraṇa;8 residence of sage Kauśika, and sacrifice of Adhisīmakṛṣṇa for 2 years at; sacred in Dvāpara;9 Dharmakṣetra where a great sacrifice was performed.10 Residence at, leads to mukti; no shaving or upavāsa required here.11 Noted for ambhojasaras or lotus tank.12 R. Sarasvatī flows here: noted for a temple of Vāmana.13

  • 1) Bhā III. 3. 12; VII. 14. 30; Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 8. 29.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 14. 33.
  • 3) Ib. IX. 22. 4.
  • 4) Ib. X. 90. 28[3], 46[1].
  • 5) Ib. X. 78. [95 (V) 9], [18].
  • 6) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 47. 2.
  • 7) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 1. 17.
  • 8) III. 13. 65 and 68; 66. 18; Matsya-purāṇa 22. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 64; 91. 31; 99. 215, 259.
  • 9) Matsya-purāṇa 20. 2; 50. 20 and 67; 106. 49 and 57; 109. 3; 180. 55; 184. 16.
  • 10) Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 14; 59. 107.
  • 11) Ib. 105. 16 and 25.
  • 12) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV-19. 77.
  • 13) Matsya-purāṇa 186. 10; 192. 12; 244. 3.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Kurukshetra in Shaivism glossaries]

Kurukṣetra (कुरुक्षेत्र) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Kurukṣetra) is named Sthāṇu. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Kurukshetra in Hinduism glossaries]

Kurukshetra (कुरुक्षेत्र): Plain of, scene of great battle between the Pandavas and Kurus for the throne of Hastinapura resulted in a battle in which a number of ancient kingdoms participated as allies of the rival clans. The location of the battle was Kurukshetra in the modern state of Haryana in India.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Kurukṣetra (कुरुक्षेत्र).—A holy place due to the penances of King Kuru. It was here that the great Mahābhārata war was fought; situated about ninety miles north of New Delhi where Lord Kṛṣṇa spoke the Bhagavad-gītā to Arjuna, five thousand years ago. It is a place of pilgrimage.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

India history and geogprahy

[Kurukshetra in India history glossaries]

1. The Kurukshetra war; A war between the Kauravas and Pandavas, as documented in the Mahabharata. According to Mahabharata, a struggle between the Kauravas and the Pandavas resulted in a battle in which a number of surrounding kingdoms participated as allies.

2. Kurukshetra is the city located in Haryana. The meaning of the word `Kurukshetra` means the land of the Kauravas. According to Mahabharata it is the holy site where the Kurukshetra war has taken place. The place also has another importance as this is the site where Bhagavad Gita was taught to Arjuna on the battle field, just before the great battle.

Kurukshetra finds mention in the ancient literature. It was the sacred region of the Dvapara age according to the Matsya Purana and one of the sixteen Mahajanapadas of Jambudvipa. In Manu Smriti, Manu praises the dexterity of the people of Kurukshetra. Kurukshetra also finds mention in Panini`s Ashtadhyayi.

(Source): Wisdom Library: India History

Kuruksetra is Located in Hariyana. This city represented by a series of mounds at Amin, Thaneswar, Raja-Kama-Ka-Qila which exposed valuable Kushan antiquities. Three periods of occupation were noticed here of which Period II of Raja-Kama-Ka-Qila belongs to early centuries of Christian era. This is evident from the findings of various stamped pottery, houses made of burnt bricks, three clay sealings with legend in Brahmi. scripts of early centuries of Christian era (IAR 1971-72).

(Source): Shodhganga: New look on the kushan bengali
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Kurukshetra in Marathi glossaries]

kurukṣētra (कुरुक्षेत्र).—n (S) The country near Delhi, the scene of the great battle between the kaurava & pāṇḍava.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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