Parikshit, Parīkṣit: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Parikshit means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Parīkṣit can be transliterated into English as Pariksit or Parikshit, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Parikshit in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—A brilliant King of Candravaṃśa. He was the grandson of Arjuna and son of Abhimanyu. (For genealogy see under Abhimanyu). Birth. Parīkṣit was the son born to Abhimanyu of Uttarā. This was a still-born child and it was Śrī Kṛṣṇa who gave it life. There is a story in Mahābhārata about this: (See full article at Story of Parīkṣit from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—There is a story about another Parīkṣit belonging to the Ikṣvāku dynasty of kings in chapter 192 of Vana Parva:

3) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—He was the son of Avikṣit, a king of the Kuru line of kings. Parīkṣit was the eldest son and he got six sons named Kakṣasena, Ugrasena, Citrasena, Indrasena, Suṣeṇa and Bhīmasena. They were all virtuous scholars and Jñānins. (Chapter 94, Ādi Parva).

4) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—Son of Anaśvā, a king of the Kuru line of kings. His mother was Amṛtā. This Parīkṣit begot of his wife Suyaśā a son named Bhīmasena. (Śloka 41, Chapter 95, Ādi Parva).

5) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—A king of the Kuru line of kings. (Chapter 150, Śānti Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—A son of Uttarā and Abhimanyu; birth of; jātakarma by Yudhiṣṭhira by gifts of cows, gold and lands; named Viṣṇurata as was born of Viṣṇu's grace; blessed by Brahmanas to be like Ikṣvāku, Rāma, Śibi, Arjuna, and so on;1 a great conqueror;2 with his capital at Hastināpura was a sārvabhauma, a samrāṭ, and the foremost of the Bhāgavatas;3 ruled the earth guided by Brahmanas; married Irāvatī, daughter of Uttara and had four sons Janamejaya and others; performed three aśvamedhas with Kṛpa as preceptor; conquered Bhadrāśva, Ketumālā, and other countries and took tributes from them; heard stories of Kṛṣṇa's heroic deeds in those places; overheard conversation between Dharma moving on one leg and the weeping Goddess of Earth on the advent of Kali and at the departure of Kṛṣṇa to Heaven; reached Sarasvatī where it flows towards the east; saw a Vṛṣala in royal robes beating a white bull tottering on one foot and a cow bereft of calf shedding tears; promised security of life to them; appreciation by Dharma and Parīkṣit's answer; Kali in Vṛṣala's garb fell at his feet and was asked to leave Brahmāvarta. But on request the King permitted him to live in five unrighteous regions; dice, wine, women, slaughter-house, and gold;4 once when he went ahunting he felt thirsty and hungry and entered the hermitage of a sage in meditation; As he was not welcomed he threw a dead serpent on his neck and returned home; the sage's boy got offended and cursed that the King be dead by the bite of Takṣaka in a week; the sage who came to know of it regretted his son's conduct as it was a great punishment for a small offence;5 the King regretted his deed, knew that the Brahmana's curse would come true and was in a state of prāyopaveśa, when he was visited by sages and kings to whom he bowed; thither came Śuka whom the king enquired as to the beneficial course to seek mokṣa; requested Śuka to narrate the stories of Kṛṣṇa;6 heard the whole of bhāgavata purāṇa from Śuka and thanked him for enlightening him on nirvāṇa;7 knew of his coming death at the hands of Takṣaka and prepared calmly to cast off his body into Gangā to attain Hari's feet; sat in contemplation in a detatched spirit; bitten by Takṣaka, his body was reduced to ashes by the poison; universal surprise and benediction at the occurrence;8 from P. to Nanda's accession was a period of 1500 years (1050 years Viṣṇu-purāṇa 1015 Wilson). Father of Janamejaya and three other sons.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 4. 9-10; 7. 12; 12. 7-30; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 249.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 50. 57.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. chh. 16 and 17 (whole).
  • 4) Ib. ch. 18 whole.
  • 5) Ib. ch. 19. 1-16, 32. 38; II. 8. 1-26; VIII. 1. 33.
  • 6) Ib. XII. 6. 1-7.
  • 7) Ib. II. 4. 2; XII. 6. 9-15; 12. 5-6.
  • 8) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 227, 230; Matsya-purāṇa 273. 36; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 78; 20-1.
  • 9) Vāyu-purāṇa 99, 229, 423; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV, 19. 78; 20. I.

1b) A son of Kuru, childless.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 4, 9; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 218.

1c) A son of Tāmasa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 49.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—The son of Abhimanyu and grandson of Arjuna. When the Pāṇḍavas retired from kingly life, he was crowned king of the entire world. He was later cursed to die by an immature brāhmaṇa boy and became the hearer of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam from Śukadeva Gosvāmī, and thus attained perfection.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्) refers to:—One who is inquisitive. Son of Abhimanyu and grandson of the Pāṇḍava Arjuna. He succeeded Yudhiṣṭira Mahārāja as emperor of the world. Śrī Kṛṣṇa saved his life when he was attacked by a brahmāstra weapon while he was still in the womb of his mother. In his maturity, he was cursed to die of snake-bite within seven days. He left his kingdom to fast to death on the banks of the Gaṅgā. At that time Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī spoke Śrīmad Bhāgavatam to him. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Parikshit in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्) is the name of the King who was the son of Abhimanyu, and grandson of Arjuna according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. He had a son named Janamejaya.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Parīkṣit, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Parikshit in Hinduism glossary
Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Parikshit was the son of Uttara and Abhimanyu. He succeeded the Pandavas to the throne.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Parikshit (परिक्षित्) was a Kuru king who reigned during the Middle Vedic period (12th or 11th century BCE). Along with his successor Janamejaya, he played a decisive role in the consolidation of the Kuru state, the arrangement of Vedic hymns into collections, and the development of the orthodox srauta ritual, transforming the Kuru realm into the dominant political and cultural center of northern Iron Age India.

Parikshit was the son of Uttara (the Matsya princess) and Abhimanyu (son of Arjuna and his wife Subhadra). He was a husband of Queen Madravati and was succeeded by his son Janamejaya. According to the Mahabharata, he ruled for 24 years and died at the age of sixty. His bodily existence ended due to the curse of a Brahmana, who used the Nāga king, Takshaka, the ruler of Taxila as the instrument of death.

Parikshit is eulogised in a hymn of the Atharvaveda (XX.127.7-10) as a great Kuru king (Kauravya), whose realm flowed with milk and honey and people lived happily in his kingdom. He is mentioned as the raja vishvajanina (universal king).

According to the Shatapatha Brahmana (XIII.5.4), Parikshita had four sons, Janamejaya, Bhimasena, Ugrasena and Śrutasena. All of them performed the Asvamedha Yajna (horse sacrifice).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parikshit in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parikṣit (परिक्षित्).—m.

1) Name of a king, son of Abhimanyu and father of Janamejaya.

2) An epithet of Agni.

--- OR ---

Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—m. Name of a king, son of Abhimanyu and grandson of Arjuna. He succeeded to the throne of Hastināpura after Yudhiṣṭhira. He died of a snakebite. The Kali age is said to have commenced with his reign.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parikṣit (परिक्षित्).—m. (-kṣit) The name of a king, the son of Abhimanyu, and grand-son of Arjuna; see parīkṣit.

--- OR ---

Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—m. (-kṣit) The grandson of Arjuna, to whom the Bhagavat was related. He came to the throne of Hastinapura after Yudhishthira. The advent of the Kali age is placed at the commencement of his reign. He died of a snake-buite. E. pari before, kṣi to destroy, kvip aff. also with a final vowel parīkṣitaḥ he was destroyed in his mother’s womb, but reanimated by Krishna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parikṣit (परिक्षित्).—parīkṣit, i. e. pari-kṣi + t, m. The name of a king.

Parikṣit can also be spelled as Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).

--- OR ---

Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—see parikṣit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parikṣit (परिक्षित्).—[adjective] spreading or dwelling around; [masculine] [Name] of an ancient king.

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Pārikṣit (पारिक्षित्).—[masculine] descendant of Parikṣit, patron. of Janamejaya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parikṣit (परिक्षित्):—[=pari-kṣit] [from pari-kṣi] mfn. dwelling or spreading around, surrounding, extending (as Agni, heaven and earth etc.), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of an ancient king (son of Abhimanyu and father of Janam-ejaya), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kuru and father of another Jan°, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of A-vikṣit and brother of Jan°, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] of a king of A-yodhyā, [ib.] (cf. parī-kṣit under 1. parī, p. 605, col. 1).

6) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्):—[=parī-kṣit] [from parī] m. (√2. kṣi) Name of a son of Abhi-manyu and father of Janam-ejaya, [Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kuru, [Purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of An-aśvan and father of Bhīma-sena, [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] of a king of A-yodhyā, [ib.] (cf. pari-kṣit).

10) Pārikṣit (पारिक्षित्):—[=pāri-kṣit] [from pāri] (m.[case]) m. (-kṣit) [patronymic] of Janam-ejaya, [Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata]

11) Pārīkṣit (पारीक्षित्):—[from pāri] m. = next, [Mahābhārata xii, 5596.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parikṣit (परिक्षित्):—(t) 5. m. A king, son of Abhimanya, grandson of Arjuna.

2) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्):—[parī-kṣit] (t) 5. m. A king, the grandson of Arjuna.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parikshit in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parikshit in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Parikshit in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) examined; tested; tried..—parikshit (परीक्षित) is alternatively transliterated as Parīkṣita.

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