Parikshit, aka: Parīkṣit; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Parikshit means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Parīkṣit can be transliterated into English as Pariksit or Parikshit, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

[Parikshit in Katha glossaries]

Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्) is the name of the King who was the son of Abhimanyu, and grandson of Arjuna according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 9. He had a son named Janamejaya.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Parīkṣit, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Purana

[Parikshit in Purana glossaries]

1) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—A brilliant King of Candravaṃśa. He was the grandson of Arjuna and son of Abhimanyu. (For genealogy see under Abhimanyu). Birth. Parīkṣit was the son born to Abhimanyu of Uttarā. This was a still-born child and it was Śrī Kṛṣṇa who gave it life. There is a story in Mahābhārata about this: (See full article at Story of Parīkṣit from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—There is a story about another Parīkṣit belonging to the Ikṣvāku dynasty of kings in chapter 192 of Vana Parva:

3) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—He was the son of Avikṣit, a king of the Kuru line of kings. Parīkṣit was the eldest son and he got six sons named Kakṣasena, Ugrasena, Citrasena, Indrasena, Suṣeṇa and Bhīmasena. They were all virtuous scholars and Jñānins. (Chapter 94, Ādi Parva).

4) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—Son of Anaśvā, a king of the Kuru line of kings. His mother was Amṛtā. This Parīkṣit begot of his wife Suyaśā a son named Bhīmasena. (Śloka 41, Chapter 95, Ādi Parva).

5) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—A king of the Kuru line of kings. (Chapter 150, Śānti Parva).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—A son of Uttarā and Abhimanyu; birth of; jātakarma by Yudhiṣṭhira by gifts of cows, gold and lands; named Viṣṇurata as was born of Viṣṇu's grace; blessed by Brahmanas to be like Ikṣvāku, Rāma, Śibi, Arjuna, and so on;1 a great conqueror;2 with his capital at Hastināpura was a sārvabhauma, a samrāṭ, and the foremost of the Bhāgavatas;3 ruled the earth guided by Brahmanas; married Irāvatī, daughter of Uttara and had four sons Janamejaya and others; performed three aśvamedhas with Kṛpa as preceptor; conquered Bhadrāśva, Ketumālā, and other countries and took tributes from them; heard stories of Kṛṣṇa's heroic deeds in those places; overheard conversation between Dharma moving on one leg and the weeping Goddess of Earth on the advent of Kali and at the departure of Kṛṣṇa to Heaven; reached Sarasvatī where it flows towards the east; saw a Vṛṣala in royal robes beating a white bull tottering on one foot and a cow bereft of calf shedding tears; promised security of life to them; appreciation by Dharma and Parīkṣit's answer; Kali in Vṛṣala's garb fell at his feet and was asked to leave Brahmāvarta. But on request the King permitted him to live in five unrighteous regions; dice, wine, women, slaughter-house, and gold;4 once when he went ahunting he felt thirsty and hungry and entered the hermitage of a sage in meditation; As he was not welcomed he threw a dead serpent on his neck and returned home; the sage's boy got offended and cursed that the King be dead by the bite of Takṣaka in a week; the sage who came to know of it regretted his son's conduct as it was a great punishment for a small offence;5 the King regretted his deed, knew that the Brahmana's curse would come true and was in a state of prāyopaveśa, when he was visited by sages and kings to whom he bowed; thither came Śuka whom the king enquired as to the beneficial course to seek mokṣa; requested Śuka to narrate the stories of Kṛṣṇa;6 heard the whole of bhāgavata purāṇa from Śuka and thanked him for enlightening him on nirvāṇa;7 knew of his coming death at the hands of Takṣaka and prepared calmly to cast off his body into Gangā to attain Hari's feet; sat in contemplation in a detatched spirit; bitten by Takṣaka, his body was reduced to ashes by the poison; universal surprise and benediction at the occurrence;8 from P. to Nanda's accession was a period of 1500 years (1050 years Viṣṇu-purāṇa 1015 Wilson). Father of Janamejaya and three other sons.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 4. 9-10; 7. 12; 12. 7-30; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 249.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 50. 57.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. chh. 16 and 17 (whole).
  • 4) Ib. ch. 18 whole.
  • 5) Ib. ch. 19. 1-16, 32. 38; II. 8. 1-26; VIII. 1. 33.
  • 6) Ib. XII. 6. 1-7.
  • 7) Ib. II. 4. 2; XII. 6. 9-15; 12. 5-6.
  • 8) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 227, 230; Matsya-purāṇa 273. 36; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 78; 20-1.
  • 9) Vāyu-purāṇa 99, 229, 423; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV, 19. 78; 20. I.

1b) A son of Kuru, childless.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 4, 9; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 218.

1c) A son of Tāmasa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 49.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Parikshit in Hinduism glossaries]

Parikshit was the son of Uttara and Abhimanyu. He succeeded the Pandavas to the throne.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Parikshit (परिक्षित्) was a Kuru king who reigned during the Middle Vedic period (12th or 11th century BCE). Along with his successor Janamejaya, he played a decisive role in the consolidation of the Kuru state, the arrangement of Vedic hymns into collections, and the development of the orthodox srauta ritual, transforming the Kuru realm into the dominant political and cultural center of northern Iron Age India.

Parikshit was the son of Uttara (the Matsya princess) and Abhimanyu (son of Arjuna and his wife Subhadra). He was a husband of Queen Madravati and was succeeded by his son Janamejaya. According to the Mahabharata, he ruled for 24 years and died at the age of sixty. His bodily existence ended due to the curse of a Brahmana, who used the Nāga king, Takshaka, the ruler of Taxila as the instrument of death.

Parikshit is eulogised in a hymn of the Atharvaveda (XX.127.7-10) as a great Kuru king (Kauravya), whose realm flowed with milk and honey and people lived happily in his kingdom. He is mentioned as the raja vishvajanina (universal king).

According to the Shatapatha Brahmana (XIII.5.4), Parikshita had four sons, Janamejaya, Bhimasena, Ugrasena and Śrutasena. All of them performed the Asvamedha Yajna (horse sacrifice).

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—The son of Abhimanyu and grandson of Arjuna. When the Pāṇḍavas retired from kingly life, he was crowned king of the entire world. He was later cursed to die by an immature brāhmaṇa boy and became the hearer of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam from Śukadeva Gosvāmī, and thus attained perfection.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Parikshit in Sanskrit glossaries]

Parikṣit (परिक्षित्).—m.

1) Name of a king, son of Abhimanyu and father of Janamejaya.

2) An epithet of Agni.

--- OR ---

Parīkṣit (परीक्षित्).—m. Name of a king, son of Abhimanyu and grandson of Arjuna. He succeeded to the throne of Hastināpura after Yudhiṣṭhira. He died of a snakebite. The Kali age is said to have commenced with his reign.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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