Indraprastha, aka: Indra-prastha; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Indraprastha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Indraprastha in Itihasa glossaries]

Indraprastha (इन्द्रप्रस्थ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.221.25, I.221, II.27.28) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Indraprastha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Purana

[Indraprastha in Purana glossaries]

Indraprastha (इन्द्रप्रस्थ).—Capital city of the Pāṇḍavas. It is the same as Delhi, the capital of modern India. Construction. As ordained by Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Dharmaputra, claimant to half of the kingdom, went to the forest Khāṇḍavaprastha with his brothers. Śrī Kṛṣṇa stood by them; great sages like Vyāsa helped them. There, in the forest, they built a city called Indraprastha as beautiful as Indraloka. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 211). Reconstruction. Once Agni burned down the Khāṇḍava forest. (See under Khāṇḍavadāha). Arjuna saved Maya and five others from the fire. Maya asked Arjuna what he should do in return for saving his life. Arjuna replied that it was not proper to expect any reward for saving one’s life and that, if Maya was very keen about doing something in return, it might be done for Kṛṣṇa. Then Kṛṣṇa asked Maya to build for the Pāṇḍavas a palace, the most beautiful one in the world at Indraprastha. And, accordingly, after getting the Brahmins duly feasted, Maya marked the ground ten thousand Kiṣkus* in extent. Then Maya went to the mountain Maināka to the west of Mount Kailāsa, where in the pool called Bindu he had stored a large quantity of gold and gems. Maya brought those materials as also a conch called Devadatta from there and built the most beautiful palace in the world at Indraprastha. Within the palace were made many a beautiful pool and various patterns with galleries etc. in glass. It was built so beautifully and in such a manner as to create, at the very sight, the illusion that there was water where there was really no water and vice versa. It took fourteen months to complete the construction of that most beautiful model of architecture. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapters 1-3).

Vajra, son of Aniruddha of the Yādava dynasty was made master of Indraprastha after the time of the Pāṇḍavas. (Mahābhārata Mausala Parva, Chapter 7, Verse 11).

*) Kiṣku means a cubit. "Kiṣkur haste" (Amara). (See full article at Story of Indraprastha from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Indraprastha (इन्द्रप्रस्थ).—Yādavas of Dvāraka taken to, by Arjuna, fearing erosion of the sea. See also hastināpura;1 after Indra who performed penance here in honour of Parāśakti to vanquish Bhaṇḍa.2 Arjuna had Vajra crowned here.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 58. 1; XI. 30. 48; 31. 25.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 12. 44.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 34.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Indraprastha in Hinduism glossaries]

Indraprastha (इन्‍द्रप्रस्‍थ): Indraprastha (City of Indra) was a major northern city in ancient India that was the capital of the kingdom led by the Pandavas in the Mahabharata epic, located upon the banks of the river Yamuna, believed to be the site of present Purana Qila, in the modern national capital of Delhi.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Indraprastha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Indraprastha (इन्द्रप्रस्थ).—Name of a city on the Yamunā, the residence of the Paṇḍavas (identified with the modern Delhi); इन्द्रप्रस्थगमस्तावत्कारि मा सन्तु चेदयः (indraprasthagamastāvatkāri mā santu cedayaḥ) Śi.2.63.

Derivable forms: indraprastham (इन्द्रप्रस्थम्).

Indraprastha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms indra and prastha (प्रस्थ).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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