Duryodhana, aka: Dur-yodhana; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Duryodhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Duryodhana in Purana glossaries]

Duryodhana (दुर्योधन):—The oldest of the one hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra by his wife Gāndhārī. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.25-26)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Duryodhana (दुर्योधन).—Villain in the Mahābhārata story; the eldest and greatest of the Kauravas. Genealogy. See under Kauravas. (See full article at Story of Duryodhana from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Duryodhana (दुर्योधन).—The Mahābhārata refers to another Duryodhana, grandson of Suvīra, and son of Durjaya. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 2, Verse 18). A daughter called Sudarśanā was born to him by his wife Narmadā. Duryodhana married Sudarśanā to Agnideva.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Duryodhana (दुर्योधन).—The eldest of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra and Gāndhāri;1 Subhadrā was intended by Rāma to be given in marriage to him;2 was met by Kṛtavarman and taken leave of;3 went from Balabhadra and learnt gadā from Balarāma at Mithilā;4 mistook the colour of the flooring of the Pāṇḍava's sabhā (built by Maya) for a sheet of water and had a nasty fall at which Bhīma and the ladies laughed. This enraged Duryodhana who was conciliated by Yudhiṣṭhira who sent clothes to him through Kṛṣṇa. He did not accept them, but went home downcast;5 kept under influence Vinda and Anuvinda of Avanti;6 banished the Pāṇḍavas and Draupadī to the forest for defeat in the game of dice;7 resented Sāmba's action in taking away his daughter Lakṣmaṇā in svayaṃvara and wanted to punish him; heard of Rāma's arrival and extended welcome to him; afraid of Rāma's prowess agreed to the marriage of his daughter to Sāmba and gave a rich dowry;8 did not feel happy over the success of the Rājasūya, where he was in charge of the treasury;9 failed to hit the fish mark in Lakṣmaṇā's svayaṃvara;10 Jealous of Kṛṣṇa and Draupadī, his mind set on the latter;11 ordered Vidura's banishment for offering good counsel, and insulted him as the son of a dāsi;12 met the Pāṇḍavas in war at Kurukṣetra; arranged in vyūha at Syamantapañcaka; fought with Bhīmasena who killed him with his gada; lay in the battlefield with his thigh fractured, along with eleven Akṣauhiṇis.13 Built a house of lac to get the Pāṇḍavas consumed by flames.14

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 26; X. 64. [4]; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 48; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 243; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 39.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 86. 3.
  • 3) Ib. X. 52. (56. V. 12).
  • 4) Ib. X. 57. 26; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 84; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 83.
  • 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 58. 27; 75. 34-39.
  • 6) Ib. X. 58. 30.
  • 7) Ib. X. 64. [4].
  • 8) Ib. X. 68. (whole); Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 35. 4-5, 11.
  • 9) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 74. 53; 75. 2 and 4.
  • 10) Ib. X. 83. 23.
  • 11) Ib. X. 75. 31-32.
  • 12) Ib. I. 7. 14; III. 1. 14-15.
  • 13) Ib. X. 78 (16 (V) 15, 18-19), 39; 79. 23; 80 [1]; III. 3. 13; Matsya-purāṇa 103. 3-5.
  • 14) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 70.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Duryodhana in Hinduism glossaries]

Duryodhana is the eldest of the 100 Kaurava brothers. He was the son of Dhritarashtra and his wife, the Queen Gandhari. Enemy of the Pandavas in the Kurukshetra War. He disputed Yudhisthira’s (son of Pandu) claim to the throne. Shakuni (brother of Gandhari) devised a scheme to win Yudhisthira’s kingdom for Duryodhana. Also see: Yudhisthira

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Duryodhana (दुर्योधन): The eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Duryodhana in Jainism glossaries]

Duryodhana (दुर्योधन) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Duryodhana] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

(Source): archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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