Sahadeva, Saha-deva, Sahadevā: 20 definitions
Sahadeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
1) Sahadeva (सहदेव):—Son of Divāka (son of Bhānu). He will be born in the future and become a king. He will have a son called Bṛhadaśva. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.11)
2) Sahadeva (सहदेव):—Son of Haryabala (son of Kṛta). He had a son named Hīna. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.17)
3) Sahadeva (सहदेव):—One of the four sons of Mitrāyu (son of Divodāsa, the male counterpart of the twin children of Mudgala). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.1)
4) Sahadeva (सहदेव):—Son of Jarāsandha (son of Bṛhadratha, who was one of the sons of Uparicara Vasu). He had a son called Somāpi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.9)
5) Sahadeva (सहदेव):—One of the sons of Pāṇḍu, begotten by the two Aśvinī-kumāra brothers (Nāsatya and Dasra) through the womb his second wife Mādrī. He had a son by his wife Draupadī named Śrutakarmā. He had another son named Suhotra by his wife Vijayā. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.27-28)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—The fifth among the Pāṇḍavas. Facts about Sahadeva are related under the headings, Dharmaputra, Bhīma, Arjuna, Nakula and Pāṇḍavas. Only those facts, which have not been so related are given hereunder.) A brief biographical sketch. Sahadeva was the son of Pāṇḍu by his wife Mādrī. Two sons, Nakula and Sahadeva were born to Mādrī by the Aśvinīdevas. Along with Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīma and Arjuna, sons of Kuntī, Nakula and Sahadeva spent their childhood in the company of Sages at Śataśṛṅga mountain. Pāṇḍu died and Mādrī followed him in the funeral pyre. After that the Pāṇḍavas lived at Hastināpura under the care of Kuntī. When the 'lac-palace' was burnt down, they took themselves to the forest and ruled the kingdom with Indraprastha as capital. The Pāṇḍavas, who were defeated in the game of dice went again into the forest. Their going into the forest has been described as follows by Vidura. (See full article at Story of Sahadeva from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A maharṣi, who lived in the court of Indra. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, Verse 16).
3) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A King in ancient India. He lived in the court of Yama worshipping the latter. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 3, Verse 17).
4) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A son of Jarāsandha about whom the following facts are collected from the Mahābhārata.
Asti and Prāpti, two wives, of Kaṃsa were the sisters of this Sahadeva. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 14, Verse 31).
He was present at the wedding of Draupadī. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Verse 8).
After the death of Jarāsandha he took refuge with Śrī Kṛṣṇa, who crowned him King of Mathurāpurī. (Mahābhārata Southern text, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 24).
In the great war he came to the help of Yudhiṣṭhira with one akṣauhiṇī (division of army). (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 19, Verse 8).
He was one of the seven Mahārathins of the Pāṇḍava army. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 187, Verse 11).
He was killed in the great war by Droṇa. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 225, Verse 45).
5) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A Rākṣasa, son of Dhūmrākṣa and father of Kṛśāśva. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).
6) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A King of the Solar dynasty, son of Dharmandhana (or Dharmanandana) and father of Jayatsena. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).
7) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A King of the Solar dynasty, son of Sudāsa and father of Somaka. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).Source: WikiPedia: Mahabharata
Sahadeva was one of the five Pandava brothers according to the epic Mahābhārata. He was one of the twin sons of Madri, who invoked Ashvins using a mantra shared by Kunti for a son. His twin brother was named Nakula.
Sahadeva was a great astrologer and was supposed to have known the events of the Mahabharata War beforehand but was cursed that if he disclosed the knowledge, his head would split in pieces. Hence, his relatively silent role in the epic compared to the other brothers. The Bhagavata Purana has a passage in which Sahadeva predicts events of future when asked by his elder brother Yudhisthira, the king.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A son of Divā(r)ka(ra) and a hero: father of Bṛhadaśva.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 11; Matsya-purāṇa 271. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 283; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 22. 4.
1b) A son of Jarāsandha of the Māgadha line; father of Somāpi(a) and Mārjāspi;1 enthroned by Kṛṣṇa; commanded by Kṛṣṇa, he arranged for the bath, dress and meals of the released kings; honoured Kṛṣṇa when he left the capital.2 Killed in Bhārata battle; his son Somāpi (Somādhi, Matsya-purāṇa) ruled for 58 years, at Girivraja. The latter's son was Śrutaśravas.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 9 and 46; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 33. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 84; 23. 4.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 72. 48; 73. 24-6, and 31; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 227.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 109-11. Matsya-purāṇa 271. 18.
1c) A son of Havyavana, and father of Hīna.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 17.
1d) A son of Sudāsa, (Sandāsa, Viṣṇu-purāṇa), and father of Somaka.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 1; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 207; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 71.
1e) A son of Mādrī (Mādravatī, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa), born through the grace of the Aśvins. Father of Śrutakarman. His other son was Suhotra by Vijayā;1 joy at Kṛṣṇa's visit to Indraprastha; paid his respects to him; was consoled by Kṛṣṇa when banished to the forest;2 was sent to southern countries with Sṛñjayas.3 His suggestion that Kṛṣṇa should be accorded the first honour among the Sadasyas in the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira was accepted. Entertained guests in that sacrifice. Approved of Draupadī's desire to release Aśvatthāman.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 28-31; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 155; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 10; 50. 50; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 154; 99. 245. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 38; 20. 40.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 71. 27. 58. 4; 64. 9.
- 3) Ib. X. 72. 13; 74. 18-25; 75. 4.
- 4) X. I. 7. 50; 10. 9.
1f) A son of Sṛñjaya and father of Kṛśāśva.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 15; Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 20; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 54-5.
1g) A son of Havyaśva; father of Ahīna.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 9.
1h) A son of Tāmarā and Sahadeva.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 16.
1i) A son of Haryadvata, a great soldier.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 9.
1j) A son of Supratīta.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 284.
1k) A son of Haryadhana and father of Adīna.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 27.
1l) A son of Devaka.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 17.
2) Sahadevā (सहदेवा).—A daughter of Devaka, and a queen of Vasudeva; mother of eight sons, of whom Bhayāsakha was one.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 23 and 52; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 131, 162 and 179; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 177; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 18.
Sahadeva (सहदेव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.85) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sahadeva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Sahadeva: the Śikhara hand.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Sahadevā (सहदेवा):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
1) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—Nakula’s twin, and the fifth of the sons of Pāṇḍu, and younger brother of Arjuna. He was born of the union of the Aśvinī-kumāra demigods and Kuntī. He was reputed for knowledge of scriptures, and he was exceptionally handsome.
2) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—The son of Jarāsandha. He took the side of the Pāṇḍavas during the Kurukṣetra war and was killed by Droṇa.Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Sahadeva (सहदेव) refers to:—Son of Mādri and Paṇḍu and youngest of the five Pāṇḍava brothers. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Nakula was the fifth Pandava, the sons of Pandu. His mother was Madri and his fathers were the Ashwini twins. His twin brother was Nakula.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
1. Sahadeva Thera. An arahant. He accompanied the Thera Majjhima to the region of Himava. Sp.i.68; Dpv.viii.10; MT.317.
2. Sahadeva. Son of the Pandu King. He was the youngest of five brothers, all husbands of Kanha, the others being Ajjuna, Nakula, Bhimasena and Yudhitthira. J.v.424, 426.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
India history and geographySource: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
Sahadēva is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (e.g., Sahadēva) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.
These copper plates (mentioning Sahadēva) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sahadeva (सहदेव).—Name of the youngest of the five Pāṇḍavas; the twin brother of Nakula, born of Mādrī by the gods Aśvins. He is regarded as the type of manly beauty.
Derivable forms: sahadevaḥ (सहदेवः).
Sahadeva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saha and deva (देव).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-vaḥ) The youngest of the five Pandava princes, begotten on Madri by the younger Aświn. He was proficient in astrology and is considered as the beau ideal of masculine beauty. f.
(-vā) 1. A plant, a sort of Sida. 2. A twining shrub, (Echites frutescens.) 3. Another plant, also Dandotpala. f. (-bī) 1. A sort of Sida. 2. A shrub, bearing a fragrant seed, Priyangu. E. saha with, deva who or what sports.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sahadeva (सहदेव).—[saha-deva], I. m. The youngest of the five Pāṇḍava princes. Ii. f. vā and vī, The name of several plants, [Pañcatantra] 157, 23 (vī).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sahadeva (सहदेव).—[adjective] with the gods; [masculine] [Name] of a Pāṇḍava etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Sahadeva (सहदेव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[+sahadeva] Agnistotra. Vyādhisaṃghavimardana. Mentioned in Brahmavaivartapurāṇa Oxf. 22^b. On Śākuna. Mentioned by Vasantarāja 20, 6.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sahadeva (सहदेव):—[=saha-deva] [from saha] mfn. (saha-) with the gods, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Ṛṣi (with the [patronymic] vārṣāgira), [Ṛg-veda i, 107]
3) [v.s. ...] of a man (with the [patronymic] śāñjaya), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] of the youngest of the five Pāṇḍava princes (son of Mādrī and reputed son of Pāṇḍu, but really son of the Aśvins, and twin-brother of Nakula; See mādrī, [Mahābhārata])
5) [v.s. ...] of a son of Haryaśvata, [Harivaṃśa]
6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Harṣa-vardhana, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Haryavana, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Soma-datta, [Harivaṃśa]
9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Jarā-saṃdha, [ib.]
10) [v.s. ...] of a son of Divā-kara, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
11) [v.s. ...] of a son of Devāpi, [ib.]
12) [v.s. ...] of a son of Divārka, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
13) [v.s. ...] of a son of Su-dāsa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
14) [v.s. ...] of a son of Su-prabuddha and uncle of Gautama Buddha, [Buddhist literature]
15) [v.s. ...] of a Rājaputra (mentioned together with Yudhi-ṣṭhira), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]
16) [v.s. ...] of an author (also with bhaṭṭa), [Catalogue(s)]
17) Sahadevā (सहदेवा):—[=saha-devā] [from saha-deva > saha] f. Name of various plants ([according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] Sida Cordifolia Echites Frutescens = daṇḍotpalā etc.), [Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] ([varia lectio])
18) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Devaka and wife of Vasudeva, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]
19) Sāhadeva (साहदेव):—m. [patronymic] [from] saha-deva, [Pāṇini 4-1, 114 [Scholiast or Commentator]]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sahadeva (सहदेव):—[saha-deva] (vaḥ) 1. m. The youngest of the Pāndus. 1. f. A twining shrub. f. (ī) A sort of Sida, a shrub.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
1) adj. nebst den Göttern: sahadevairmaharṣibhiḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 7732.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 2, 9.] —
2) m. Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer [Ṛgveda 1, 100, 17.] [Pariśiṣṭa des Atharvaveda] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 91, 2 v. u.] [Mahābhārata 1, 6988. 2, 297.] Sārñjaya [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 4, 4, 4.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 8, 34.] ein Sohn Sṛñjaya’s [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 47, 15.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 354.] der jüngste von den Pāṇḍava, erzeugt von den Aśvin wie Nakula, [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 308.] [Medinīkoṣa v. 65.] [Bhagavadgītā 1, 16.] [Mahābhārata 1, 2445. 6019. 3, 15709. 12, 1481. 14, 2109.] [Harivaṃśa 4057. 8547. fg.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 437. 459.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 22, 27. 29.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 24, 9.] neben Nakula als Arzt (vgl. aśvin) [Oxforder Handschriften 22,a,45.b,5.] ein Sohn Haryaśvata’s (so die neuere Ausg.; Hary. ist ein Nachkomme Sṛñjaya’s, wie die nächst folgenden) [Harivaṃśa 1515.] Harṣavardhana’s [Viṣṇupurāṇa 412.] Haryavana's [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 17, 17.] Somadatta's [Harivaṃśa 1791. fg.] Jarāsaṃdha’s [1811. fg.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 456. 465.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 22, 9. 44.] Divākara’s [Viṣṇupurāṇa 463.] Devāpi’s [Viṣṇupurāṇa] in [ 6.] Divārka’s [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 12, 10.] Sudāsa’s [22, 1.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 455.] śāstra [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 897.] ein Sohn Suprabuddha's und Oheim Śākyamuni’s [Lebensbeschreibung Śākyamuni’s 234 (4). 268 (38).] ein Rājaputra (neben Yudhiṣthira) [Rājataraṅgiṇī 8, 199.] —
3) f. ā a) Bez. verschiedener Pflanzen: = daṇḍotpala [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 44.] gelbblühende Daṇḍotpalā [Ratnamālā 165.] Sida cordifolia und Echites frutescens [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] = sahā [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 603. -] [Suśruta 1, 59, 20. 317, 11. 2, 40, 12. 387, 17. 481, 6. v. l.] zu [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 44, 50. 48, 40.] — b) Nomen proprium einer Tochter Devaka's und Gattin Vasudeva's [Harivaṃśa 1948.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 436.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 24, 22. 51.] —
4) f. ī eine best. Pflanze, = sarpākṣī [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 308. fg.] [Medinīkoṣa] = pītadaṇḍotpalā [Ratnamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] = mahābalā [Rājanirghaṇṭa ebend. -] [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 1, 2, 14.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 44, 50. 48, 40] (devā v. l. an beiden Stellen). [Pañcatantra 157, 23.] [GĀRUḌA-Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 48 im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. sāhadeva fg.
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Sāhadeva (साहदेव):—m. patron. von sahadeva [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 114, Scholiast]
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3) a) [SĀMAVIDH. BR. 2, 6, 10.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+175): Manipushpaka, Jarasamdhi, Sahadevi, Madrinandana, Ashvineya, Madri, Sahadevaka, Tantipala, Marjari, Nakula, Somapi, Pandava, Madreya, Tantipalaka, Dandotpala, Shrutakarma, Varshagira, Tantripala, Hina, Govid.
Search found 40 books and stories containing Sahadeva, Saha-deva, Sahadevā, Sahadēva, Saha-dēva, Saha-devā, Sāhadeva; (plurals include: Sahadevas, devas, Sahadevās, Sahadēvas, dēvas, devās, Sāhadevas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter XIV - Dynasty of Anamitra and Andhaka < [Book IV]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CLXVI < [Ghatotkacha-badha Parva]
Section XXX < [Digvijaya Parva]
Section XXXVIII < [Rajasuyika Parva]
Abhinaya-darpana (English) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
Chapter 1 - The Death of Salya < [Salya Parva]
Chapter 5 - Lord Krishna Benedicts the Imprisoned Kings < [Sabha Parva]
Chapter 4 - Bhima Meets Hanuman and Kills Jatasura < [Vana Parva]
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)