Sahadeva, aka: Saha-deva, Sahadevā; 12 Definition(s)
Sahadeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Sahadeva was one of the five Pandava brothers according to the epic Mahābhārata. He was one of the twin sons of Madri, who invoked Ashvins using a mantra shared by Kunti for a son. His twin brother was named Nakula.
Sahadeva was a great astrologer and was supposed to have known the events of the Mahabharata War beforehand but was cursed that if he disclosed the knowledge, his head would split in pieces. Hence, his relatively silent role in the epic compared to the other brothers. The Bhagavata Purana has a passage in which Sahadeva predicts events of future when asked by his elder brother Yudhisthira, the king.Source: WikiPedia: Mahabharata
Sahadeva (सहदेव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.85) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sahadeva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Sahadeva: the Śikhara hand.Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
1) Sahadeva (सहदेव):—Son of Divāka (son of Bhānu). He will be born in the future and become a king. He will have a son called Bṛhadaśva. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.11)
2) Sahadeva (सहदेव):—Son of Haryabala (son of Kṛta). He had a son named Hīna. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.17)
3) Sahadeva (सहदेव):—One of the four sons of Mitrāyu (son of Divodāsa, the male counterpart of the twin children of Mudgala). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.1)
4) Sahadeva (सहदेव):—Son of Jarāsandha (son of Bṛhadratha, who was one of the sons of Uparicara Vasu). He had a son called Somāpi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.9)
5) Sahadeva (सहदेव):—One of the sons of Pāṇḍu, begotten by the two Aśvinī-kumāra brothers (Nāsatya and Dasra) through the womb his second wife Mādrī. He had a son by his wife Draupadī named Śrutakarmā. He had another son named Suhotra by his wife Vijayā. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.27-28)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
1) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—The fifth among the Pāṇḍavas. Facts about Sahadeva are related under the headings, Dharmaputra, Bhīma, Arjuna, Nakula and Pāṇḍavas. Only those facts, which have not been so related are given hereunder.) A brief biographical sketch. Sahadeva was the son of Pāṇḍu by his wife Mādrī. Two sons, Nakula and Sahadeva were born to Mādrī by the Aśvinīdevas. Along with Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīma and Arjuna, sons of Kuntī, Nakula and Sahadeva spent their childhood in the company of Sages at Śataśṛṅga mountain. Pāṇḍu died and Mādrī followed him in the funeral pyre. After that the Pāṇḍavas lived at Hastināpura under the care of Kuntī. When the 'lac-palace' was burnt down, they took themselves to the forest and ruled the kingdom with Indraprastha as capital. The Pāṇḍavas, who were defeated in the game of dice went again into the forest. Their going into the forest has been described as follows by Vidura. (See full article at Story of Sahadeva from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A maharṣi, who lived in the court of Indra. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, Verse 16).
3) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A King in ancient India. He lived in the court of Yama worshipping the latter. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 3, Verse 17).
4) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A son of Jarāsandha about whom the following facts are collected from the Mahābhārata.
Asti and Prāpti, two wives, of Kaṃsa were the sisters of this Sahadeva. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 14, Verse 31).
He was present at the wedding of Draupadī. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Verse 8).
After the death of Jarāsandha he took refuge with Śrī Kṛṣṇa, who crowned him King of Mathurāpurī. (Mahābhārata Southern text, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 24).
In the great war he came to the help of Yudhiṣṭhira with one akṣauhiṇī (division of army). (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 19, Verse 8).
He was one of the seven Mahārathins of the Pāṇḍava army. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 187, Verse 11).
He was killed in the great war by Droṇa. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 225, Verse 45).
5) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A Rākṣasa, son of Dhūmrākṣa and father of Kṛśāśva. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).
6) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A King of the Solar dynasty, son of Dharmandhana (or Dharmanandana) and father of Jayatsena. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).
7) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A King of the Solar dynasty, son of Sudāsa and father of Somaka. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—A son of Divā(r)ka(ra) and a hero: father of Bṛhadaśva.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 11; Matsya-purāṇa 271. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 283; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 22. 4.
1b) A son of Jarāsandha of the Māgadha line; father of Somāpi(a) and Mārjāspi;1 enthroned by Kṛṣṇa; commanded by Kṛṣṇa, he arranged for the bath, dress and meals of the released kings; honoured Kṛṣṇa when he left the capital.2 Killed in Bhārata battle; his son Somāpi (Somādhi, Matsya-purāṇa) ruled for 58 years, at Girivraja. The latter's son was Śrutaśravas.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 9 and 46; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 33. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 84; 23. 4.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 72. 48; 73. 24-6, and 31; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 227.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 109-11. Matsya-purāṇa 271. 18.
1c) A son of Havyavana, and father of Hīna.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 17.
1d) A son of Sudāsa, (Sandāsa, Viṣṇu-purāṇa), and father of Somaka.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 1; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 207; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 71.
1e) A son of Mādrī (Mādravatī, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa), born through the grace of the Aśvins. Father of Śrutakarman. His other son was Suhotra by Vijayā;1 joy at Kṛṣṇa's visit to Indraprastha; paid his respects to him; was consoled by Kṛṣṇa when banished to the forest;2 was sent to southern countries with Sṛñjayas.3 His suggestion that Kṛṣṇa should be accorded the first honour among the Sadasyas in the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira was accepted. Entertained guests in that sacrifice. Approved of Draupadī's desire to release Aśvatthāman.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 28-31; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 155; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 10; 50. 50; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 154; 99. 245. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 38; 20. 40.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 71. 27. 58. 4; 64. 9.
- 3) Ib. X. 72. 13; 74. 18-25; 75. 4.
- 4) X. I. 7. 50; 10. 9.
1f) A son of Sṛñjaya and father of Kṛśāśva.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 15; Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 20; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 54-5.
1g) A son of Havyaśva; father of Ahīna.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 9.
1h) A son of Tāmarā and Sahadeva.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 16.
1i) A son of Haryadvata, a great soldier.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 9.
1j) A son of Supratīta.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 284.
1k) A son of Haryadhana and father of Adīna.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 27.
1l) A son of Devaka.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 17.
2) Sahadevā (सहदेवा).—A daughter of Devaka, and a queen of Vasudeva; mother of eight sons, of whom Bhayāsakha was one.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 23 and 52; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 131, 162 and 179; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 177; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 18.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Sahadevā (सहदेवा):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Nakula was the fifth Pandava, the sons of Pandu. His mother was Madri and his fathers were the Ashwini twins. His twin brother was Nakula.Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
1) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—Nakula’s twin, and the fifth of the sons of Pāṇḍu, and younger brother of Arjuna. He was born of the union of the Aśvinī-kumāra demigods and Kuntī. He was reputed for knowledge of scriptures, and he was exceptionally handsome.
2) Sahadeva (सहदेव).—The son of Jarāsandha. He took the side of the Pāṇḍavas during the Kurukṣetra war and was killed by Droṇa.Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. Sahadeva Thera. An arahant. He accompanied the Thera Majjhima to the region of Himava. Sp.i.68; Dpv.viii.10; MT.317.
2. Sahadeva. Son of the Pandu King. He was the youngest of five brothers, all husbands of Kanha, the others being Ajjuna, Nakula, Bhimasena and Yudhitthira. J.v.424, 426.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
India history and geogprahy
Sahadēva is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (eg., Sahadēva) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.
These copper plates (mentioning Sahadēva) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sahadeva (सहदेव).—Name of the youngest of the five Pāṇḍavas; the twin brother of Nakula, born of Mādrī by the gods Aśvins. He is regarded as the type of manly beauty.
Derivable forms: sahadevaḥ (सहदेवः).
Sahadeva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saha and deva (देव).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 32 books and stories containing Sahadeva, Saha-deva or Sahadevā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter XIV - Dynasty of Anamitra and Andhaka < [Book IV]
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
Chapter 1 - The Death of Salya < [Salya Parva]
Chapter 5 - Lord Krishna Benedicts the Imprisoned Kings < [Sabha Parva]
Chapter 4 - Bhima Meets Hanuman and Kills Jatasura < [Vana Parva]
The Mahabharata - Fourth Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section X < [Pandava-Pravesa Parva]
Section XIX < [Kichaka-badha Parva]
Section XLIII < [Go-harana Parva]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.5.38 < [Chapter 5 - Priya: The Beloved]
Verse 1.5.71-72 < [Chapter 5 - Priya: The Beloved]
Verse 1.5.74 < [Chapter 5 - Priya: The Beloved]
The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)