Pandara, aka: Pāṇḍara, Paṇḍara, Pāṇḍarā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pandara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Pandara in Purana glossaries]

Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर).—A serpent born of the race of Airāvata. This serpent was burnt to death at the sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 11, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर).—A hill west of the Śitoda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 28; 38. 49.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Pandara in Itihasa glossaries]

Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.10, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pāṇḍara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Pandara in Theravada glossaries]

1. Pandara, Pandaraka

A Naga king. See Pandara Jataka.

2. Pandara

The name of the horse ridden by Mangala Buddha when he left household life. BuA.116.

3. Pandara

A clan of elephants, each having the strength of one thousand men. UdA.403; VibhA.397; AA.ii.822.

4. Pandara

The name of a gotta. An ascetic of this clan, hearing Phussa Thera preach, asked him a question which led to a long explanation by Phussa (Thag.vs.949; ThagA.ii.82ff). It is said that the gotta had, as ancestor, a sage named Pandara. v.1. Pandarasa.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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(Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

[Pandara in Tibetan Buddhism glossaries]

Pāṇḍarā (पाण्डरा) is an alternative name of Ākarṣaṇī: a deity to be contemplated upon by a practicioner purifying his correspondences (viśuddhi), according to the Abhisamayamañjarī. Ākarṣaṇī is alternatively known by the name Pāṇḍarā, one of the traditional consorts of the Buddha and a mother of the yogatantra system. The contemplation is prescribed as a preliminary ritual for a yogin wishing to establish, or reestablish the union with a deity.

Pāṇḍarā is associated with the element fire and the color red. She is to be visualised as assuming a kāpālika form, naked with loose hair and holding tantric attributes in their four arms.

The Abhisamayamañjarī by Śākyarakṣita is a Buddhist tantric text closely related to the Herukābhisamaya by Lūyīpāda, which in turn is probably based upon the Yoginīsaṃcāratantra.

(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Pandara in Pali glossaries]

paṇḍara : (adj.) white.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Paṇḍara, (adj) (Ved. pāṇḍara; cp. paṇḍu, q. v. for etym. ) white, pale, yellowish J. II, 365; V, 340; Nd1 3; Dhs. 6= Vbh. 88 (Dhs. trsl. “that which is clear”? in def. of citta & mano) Dhs. 17, 293, 597; Miln. 226; DhA. IV, 8; VvA. 40; PvA. 56 (=seta); Sdhp. 430. (Page 404)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Pandara in Sanskrit glossaries]

Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर).—a. Whitish, pale-white; यत् कङ्कालमकालपाण्डुरघनप्रस्पर्धि रुन्धन्नभः (yat kaṅkālamakālapāṇḍuraghanapraspardhi rundhannabhaḥ) Mv.5.39.

-ram 1 Red-chalk.

2) The blossom of the jasmine.

3) Semen virile; पाण्डरं शुक्र- मित्याहुः (pāṇḍaraṃ śukra- mityāhuḥ) Dhyāna. Up.87.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See Pandara (5).

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