Pandara, Pāṇḍara, Paṇḍara, Pāṇḍarā: 15 definitions

Introduction

Pandara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर).—A serpent born of the race of Airāvata. This serpent was burnt to death at the sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 11, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर).—A hill west of the Śitoda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 28; 38. 49.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.10, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pāṇḍara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Pandara, Pandaraka

A Naga king. See Pandara Jataka.

2. Pandara

The name of the horse ridden by Mangala Buddha when he left household life. BuA.116.

3. Pandara

A clan of elephants, each having the strength of one thousand men. UdA.403; VibhA.397; AA.ii.822.

4. Pandara

The name of a gotta. An ascetic of this clan, hearing Phussa Thera preach, asked him a question which led to a long explanation by Phussa (Thag.vs.949; ThagA.ii.82ff). It is said that the gotta had, as ancestor, a sage named Pandara. v.1. Pandarasa.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Pāṇḍarā (पाण्डरा) or Pāṇḍaravāsinī is the Śakti, or female counterpart (spiritual consort) of Amitābha: one of the Dhyāni-Buddhas, according to Vajrayāna or Tantric Buddhism.—Her colour is red; and her symbol is a lotus.—Pāṇḍarā is also called Pāṇḍaravāsinī. According to a Dhyāna in  the Advayavajrasaṃgraha she belongs to the Lotus family which is also the family of the Dhyāni Buddha Amitābha. Pāṇḍarā thus is  the spiritual consort of Amitābha.

Pāṇḍarā’s form and nature are described as under:—“In the Vāyu corner on the orb of the moon there is Pāṇḍaravāsinī originating from the (red) germ syllable Pāṃ. She is redin colour and has the Padma (lotus) as her recognition symbol. She is the embodiment of the element of Fire. She belongs tothe Lotus family and is full of attachment”.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Pāṇḍarā (पाण्डरा) is an alternative name of Ākarṣaṇī: a deity to be contemplated upon by a practicioner purifying his correspondences (viśuddhi), according to the 12th-century Abhisamayamañjarī. Ākarṣaṇī is alternatively known by the name Pāṇḍarā, one of the traditional consorts of the Buddha and a mother of the yogatantra system. The contemplation is prescribed as a preliminary ritual for a yogin wishing to establish, or reestablish the union with a deity.

Pāṇḍarā is associated with the element fire and the color red. She is to be visualised as assuming a kāpālika form, naked with loose hair and holding tantric attributes in their four arms.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Pāṇḍarā (पाण्डरा) or Pāṇḍarī is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Pāṇḍara forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Hṛdayacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the hṛdayacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Pāṇḍarā] and Vīras are reddish yellow in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Note: Pāṇḍarā or Pāṇḍarī is also known as Pāṇḍaravāsinī while Pāṇdara is known as Pāṇḍaravāsa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pandara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paṇḍara : (adj.) white.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Paṇḍara, (adj) (Ved. pāṇḍara; cp. paṇḍu, q. v. for etym. ) white, pale, yellowish J. II, 365; V, 340; Nd1 3; Dhs. 6= Vbh. 88 (Dhs. trsl. “that which is clear”? in def. of citta & mano) Dhs. 17, 293, 597; Miln. 226; DhA. IV, 8; VvA. 40; PvA. 56 (=seta); Sdhp. 430. (Page 404)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर).—a. Whitish, pale-white; यत् कङ्कालमकालपाण्डुरघनप्रस्पर्धि रुन्धन्नभः (yat kaṅkālamakālapāṇḍuraghanapraspardhi rundhannabhaḥ) Mv.5.39.

-ram 1 Red-chalk.

2) The blossom of the jasmine.

3) Semen virile; पाण्डरं शुक्र- मित्याहुः (pāṇḍaraṃ śukra- mityāhuḥ) Dhyāna. Up.87.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paṇḍara (पण्डर).—(= Pali id.), name of a nāga king: Mahāvyutpatti 3281.

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Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर).—see next, and s.v. Pāṇḍava.

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Pāṇḍarā (पाण्डरा).—(in Dharmasaṃgraha 4 text Pāṇḍurā, v.l. °arā which probably read), name of a Buddhist goddess, associated with Tārā, and probably identical with prec.: Sādhanamālā 18.15 etc.; Dharmasaṃgraha 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Pale or yellowish white. m.

(-raḥ) 1. Pale or yellowish white, (the colour.) 2. A plant, commonly Marua or Maruvaka. n.

(-raṃ) 1. Many-flowered jasmine. 2. Red chalk. E. paḍi to go, ar Unadi aff., and the radical vowel made long; also pāṇḍura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर).—akin to pāṇḍu, I. adj., f. , Pale, yellowish, white, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 2. 17 Gorr. Ii. m. 1. The name of a mountain. 2. The name of a Nāga or serpent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pandara (पन्दर):—m. Name of a mountain, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

2) Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर):—a pāṇḍava See under pāṇḍu.

3) [from pāṇḍu] b mf(ā)n. whitish-yellow, pale, white, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] (cf. -vāsas) etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. a species of plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Naga (also raka), [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] of a sect (also raka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Pāṇḍarā (पाण्डरा):—[from pāṇḍara > pāṇḍu] f. Name of a Buddhist Śakti or female energy, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 216] (cf. pāṇḍurā)

9) Pāṇḍara (पाण्डर):—[from pāṇḍu] n. a jasmine blossom, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] red chalk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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