Gaurava: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Gaurava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Gaurav.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Gaurava (गौरव):—Heavy feeling, Heaviness

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Gaurava (गौरव).—Greatness of effort; prolixity as opposed to लाघव (lāghava); cf. पर्यायशब्दानां लाघवगौरवचर्चा नाद्रियते (paryāyaśabdānāṃ lāghavagauravacarcā nādriyate) Par.Sek.Par.115; cf. also पदगौरवाद्योगविभागो गरीयान् (padagauravādyogavibhāgo garīyān) Par. Sek. Pari. 121.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gaurava (गौरव) refers to the “gravity” (i.e., the gravity and seriousness of a situation), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.13 (“Śiva-Pārvatī dialogue”).—Accordingly, after Himācala (i.e., Himālaya) spoke to Śiva: “[...] O dear, at the bidding of lord Śiva , none of the Gaṇas, Nandīśvara and others, purely carrying out the orders of Śiva, prevented her. The discourse of Śivā and Śiva who represented the principles of Sāṃkhya and Vedanta and who, if thoughtfully considered, are not different from each other [i.e., abhinna], was very happy and pleasing for ever. At the request of the lord of mountains, Śiva permitted Pārvatī to remain with Him being true to His words though with all gravity [i.e., gaurava] and seriousness. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

1) Gaurava (heaviness) is an Ayurvedic term.

2) Gaurava; Sanskrit term which can mean 'significant', 'honor', 'respect', 'veneration' or 'pride'.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Gaurava (गौरव) refers to “respect”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 4).—Accordingly, “[The Buddha] is single-minded (ekacitta), without duality (advaya). In all things, whatever they may be, food and drink (āhāra), robes and clothing (paṭa-vasana), beds and seats (śaya-āsana), praise and blame (varṇana-vijṛmbhā), mistrust and respect (vitaṇḍana-gaurava), the Buddha’s mind remains indifferent. It is like pure gold which, even when burned, melted, beaten or polished, shows no increase or decrease. [On the contrary], the Arhats, although they have broken the bonds (bandhana) and have found the Path, still retain the traces (vāsana) [of the passions]; this is why they cannot be called Bhagavat”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Gaurava (गौरव) (Cf. Sagaurava) refers to “respect” (as opposed to Agaurava—‘not respecting’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, having praised the Lord with these verses, addressed himself to the Lord: ‘[...] Having known that the Lord is endowed with such immeasurable virtues, the dharma, and knowledge of the Tathāgata, I have a high regard for them, and wish to respectfully (sa-gaurava) ask you (= Tathāgata) the entrance into the explaining of the dharma so that all living beings practice the dharma without pride and realize the dharma by the knowledge of omniscience. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Gaurava (गौरव) refers to the “three vanities”, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] the gift of supporting dharma (dharmopagrahadāna) is five-fold: purity of giver, receiver, gift, time, and thought. [... ] That gift would have purity of receiver, whose receiver is such a man [who is] lacking in three vanities (gaurava), [...]”.

The three vanities (gauravas) are rasa (choice food), ṛddhi (riches and high position), and sāta (pleasure). Cf. Samavāyāṅgasūtra 3, p. 9a. Uttarādhyayana 31. 4.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaurava (गौरव).—n (S) Weight or gravity. 2 m n Reputation, respectability, consequence: also honorableness (whether of persons or of business). 3 Weight, influence, authority. Ex. śrīmantājavaḷa hyācēṃ gau0 āhē. 4 Honor, respect, deference. v kara, ṭhēva, rākha. Ex. mājhēṃ tyānēṃ gau0 kēlēṃ nāhīṃ. 5 Pomp, stateliness, solemnity, dignity. 6 (Opp. to lāghava Lightness or slightness.) Grievous, laborious, disagreeable, irksome state: a grievance or a hardship. Ex. ghōḍā asatāṃ pāyēṃ cālaṇēṃ hyānta gau0 āhē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gaurava (गौरव).—n Weight or gravity. m n Reputa- tion. Pomp. Grievous state.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaurava (गौरव).—a. [gurorbhāvaḥ karma° vā aṇ] Belonging to a Guru or teacher; गौरवं कुलम् (gauravaṃ kulam) Bhāgavata 1.7.46.

-vam 1 Weight, heaviness (lit.); जघन° (jaghana°) Ś.3.7; सुरेन्द्रमात्राश्रितगर्भ- गौरवात् (surendramātrāśritagarbha- gauravāt) R.3.11.

2) Importance, high value or estimation; स्वविक्रमे गौरवमादधानम् (svavikrame gauravamādadhānam) R.14.18;18.39; कार्यगौरवेण (kāryagauraveṇa) Mu.5; importance or urgent nature; Uttararāmacarita 6.7.

3) Respect, regard, consideration; पितृगौरवात् (pitṛgauravāt) Rām.7.9.14; तथापि यन्मय्यपि ते गुरुरित्यस्ति गौरवम् (tathāpi yanmayyapi te gururityasti gauravam) Śiśupālavadha 2.71; प्रयोजनापेक्षितया प्रभूणां प्रायश्चलं गौरवमाश्रितेषु (prayojanāpekṣitayā prabhūṇāṃ prāyaścalaṃ gauravamāśriteṣu) Kumārasambhava 3.1; Amaruśataka 23.

4) Respectability, dignity, venerableness; कोऽर्थी गतो गौरवम् (ko'rthī gato gauravam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.146; Manusmṛti 2.145.

5) Cumbrousness.

6) (In prosody) Length (as of a syllable).

7) Depth (as of meaning); यच्चार्थतो गौरवम् (yaccārthato gauravam) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.7.

Derivable forms: gauravam (गौरवम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaurava (गौरव).—n.

(-vaṃ) 1. Reputation, respectability, venerableness or weight. 2. Physical weight, heaviness. E. guru heavy, respectable, &c. and aṇ affix, implying condition of being. gurorbhāvaḥ karma vā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaurava (गौरव).—i. e. guru + a, I. adj. Relating to the spiritual teacher, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 7, 46. Ii. n. 1. Heaviness, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 4, 26. 2. Importance, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 16, 47. 3. Dignity, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 145. 4. Respect, [Pañcatantra] 265. 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaurava (गौरव).—[adjective] relating to a Guru or teacher; [neuter] weight, heaviness, (prosodical) length; importance, gravity, authority, respect, reverence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gaurava (गौरव):—mfn. relating or belonging to a Guru or teacher, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 7, 46]

2) m. Name of a poisonous plant, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

3) n. ([gana] pṛthv-ādi) weight, heaviness, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

4) difficulty, [Caraka iii, 4]

5) heaviness in argumentation, cumbrousness, needless multiplication of causes, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha ii, xi f.; Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana i, 89 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

6) length (in prosody), [Śrutabodha] etc.

7) importance, high value or estimation, [Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

8) gravity, respectability, venerableness, [Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra; Manu-smṛti ii, 145; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) respect shown to a person (e.g. mātṛ-gauravāt, ‘out of respect for one’s mother’ [Pañcatantra]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaurava (गौरव):—(vaṃ) 1. n. Reputation; heaviness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gaurava (गौरव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gārava, Gorava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gaurava in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gaurava in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gaurava (गौरव) [Also spelled gaurav]:—(nm) pride, glory, honour; heaviness; —[graṃtha] a classic (work); ~[maya] glorious; hence ~[mayī] feminine form of ~[maya]; ~[śālī] glorious, dignified.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gaurava (ಗೌರವ):—

1) [adjective] of, from, relating to one’s teacher.

2) [adjective] honorary a) given as an honour only, without the usual requirements or privileges; b) designating an office or position held as an honour only, without service or pay; c) holding such a position or office; d) recognising academic distinction or accomplishment.

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Gaurava (ಗೌರವ):—

1) [noun] weight; heaviness.

2) [noun] importance; high value or estimation; esteem.

3) [noun] respect; regard; consideration.

4) [noun] respectability; venerableness.

5) [noun] a respectable man.

6) [noun] egoism; self-conceit.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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