Gatha, Gāthā, Gātha: 17 definitions
Gatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
The term ‘gāthā’ (गाथा) occurs in the Ṛg-veda meaning usually a song or verse. The gāthās, though religious in content, are not mantras and hence are non-Vedic. In the aśvamedha sacrifice, as described in the Brāhmaṇas, we find mention of two lute-prayers, a Brahmin and a warrior, who in verses of their own composition (gāthās), glorified the generosity and war-like deeds of the sacrificer and his ancestors. With the fate of the aśvamedha, recitation of such gāthās also seems to have gone out of existence.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Gātha (गाथ).—Ancient popular songs; a feature of the Purāṇas; Nāraḍa on Vāli's sacrifices; on Pitṛs, on Yayāti, on Kārtavīrya, on Rāma;1 about Gayā and the Narmadā;2 sung by divine ṛṣis in Khaṭvānga's Yajña;3 by Prahlāda on Hari.4
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 34. 21: III. 7. 272: 19. 9: 63. 192: 68. 96: 69. 19. IV. 15. 32: Matsya-purāṇa 43. 23: 204. 2 and 19: Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 15.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 5: 186. 5: 207. 39-40.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 60. 21: 73. 41: 83. 10: 88. 191: 93. 94: 94. 19: 96. 13.
- 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 17. 29.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
1) Gāthā (गाथा).—Piṅgala gives the definition of gāthā metres in the 8th chapter in 19 sūtras, where he discusses 18 gāthā metres. He says the metres which are not discussed in previous chapters is called as gāthā metres.
2) Gāthā (गाथा).—Śrī Kṛṣṇabhaṭṭa Kavikalānidhi (C. 1669-1744 C.E.), in his Vṛttamuktāvalī, divides the Gāthā type metres into seven viz. gāthikā, gāthā, vigāthā, udgāthā, gāthinī, siṃhinī, skandhā. He discusses the Gāthāprakaraṇa and other mātrā metres in the second chapters. Totally 44 metres in 67 verses are described in the second chapter.
3) Gāthā (गाथा) refers to one of the twenty-seven mātrāvṛttas (quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Mātrāvṛtta (eg., gāthā) refers to a type of metre found in classical Sanskrit poetry.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Gāthā (गाथा) refers to one of the ten kinds of dhruvā (“songs”) defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32. Accordingly, “the dhruvā is so called, because in it words, varṇas, alaṃkāra, tempo (laya), jāti and pāṇis are regularly (dhruva) connected with one another”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Gathā (गथा, “stanza”) refers to one of the twelve members of Buddhist texts (dvādaśāṅga), according to a note attached to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 51.—All the kie ‘verses’, if they are composed of six, three or five metric feet (pada) or an undetermined number of metric feet, are called k’i-ye ‘geya’ and also k’ie-to, ‘gathā, stanza’
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
A portion of the Tipitaka classified according to the matter (anga) of each one.
It includes the Dhammapada, the Theragatha and Therigatha, and those suttas, composed of stanzas only, found in the Sutta Nipata and not included under the term Sutta. DA.i.23f; Vin.iii.8.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
F Knowledge and ethics imparted by means of speech or scriptures. Formula expressing some knowledge under the shapes of verses.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Buddhist Door: GlossaryAncient Indian verse.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
gāthā : (f.) deep. (m.), depth; a safe stand; foothold.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Gāthā, (f.) (Vedic gāthā, on dern see gāyate) a verse, stanza, line of poetry, usually referring to an Anuṭṭhubbaṃ or a Tuṭṭhubbaṃ, & called a catuppādā gāthā, a stanza (śloka) of four half-lines A.II, 178; J.IV, 395. Def. as akkhara-padaniya-mita-ganthita-vacanaṃ at KhA 117. For a riddle on the word see S.I, 38. As a style of composition it is one of the nine Aṅgas or divisions of the Canon (see navaṅga Satthu sāsana). Pl. gāthā Sn.429; J.II, 160; gāthāyo Vin.I, 5, 349; D.II, 157. gāthāya ajjhābhāsati to address with a verse Vin.I, 36, 38; Kh v. intr.—gāthāhi anumodati to thank with (these) lines Vin.I, 222, 230, 246, 294, etc.—gāthāyo gīyamāna uttering the lines Vin.I, 38.—anantaragāthā the foll. stanza J.IV, 142; Sn.251; J.I, 280; Dh.102 (°sataṃ).
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gāṭhā (गाठा).—m (gāṇṭha) A large silver ring worn by the worshipers of Khanḍoba around the neck.
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gāthā (गाथा).—f (S) Unmetrical composition; simple prose. 2 A period or sentence. 3 Idle chat; floating news. v sāṅga, kuṭa.
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gāthā (गाथा).—m Jumbledness, confusedly mingled state. 2 Rumpled state.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
gāthā (गाथा).—f Unmetrical composition, simple prose. A period or sentence. Idle chat, floating news. v sāṅga, kūṭa. m Thumbled- ness, confusedly mingled state.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Gātha (गाथ).—See under गै (gai) .
See also (synonyms): gāthaka.
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Gātha (गाथ).—A song, singing.
Derivable forms: gāthaḥ (गाथः).
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2) A religious verse, but not belonging to any one of the Vedas.
3) A stanza.
4) A song; कदा वाहेयिका गाथाः पुनर्गास्यामि शाकले (kadā vāheyikā gāthāḥ punargāsyāmi śākale) Mb.8.44.26.
5) A Prākṛta dialect.
6) Name of the Aryā metre.
7) Legend, history (ākhyāna); द्विजोपसृष्टः कुहकस्तक्षको वा दशत्वलं गायत विष्णुगाथाः (dvijopasṛṣṭaḥ kuhakastakṣako vā daśatvalaṃ gāyata viṣṇugāthāḥ) Bhāg.1.19.15.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-thāṃ) 1. A verse, a stanza. 2. Metre, rhythm. 3. A song, a chant or verse to be chanted or sung. 4. Prakrita or any language not Sanskrit. 5. The same as the Aryya Metre, in which the verse contains sixty syllabic instants, variously arranged. E. gai to sing, than Unadi aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gāthā (गाथा).—i. e. gai + tha, f. A song, a verse, [Indralokāgamana] 2, 28; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 42.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Gātha (गाथ):—[from gā] a m. a song, [Ṛg-veda i, 167, 6 and ix, 11, 4; Sāma-veda]
2) Gāthā (गाथा):—[from gātha > gā] a f. idem, [Ṛg-veda]
3) [v.s. ...] a verse, stanza (especially one which is neither Ṛc, nor Sāman, nor Yajus, a verse not belonging to the Vedas, but to the epic poetry of legends or Ākhyānas, such as the Śunaḥśepa-Ākhyāna or the [Suparṇādhyāya]), [Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] the metrical part of a Sūtra, [Buddhist literature]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of the Āryā metre
6) [v.s. ...] any metre not enumerated in the regular treatises on prosody (cf. ṛg-gāthā, riju-gātha, yajña-gāthā.)
7) [from gā] b f. of tha q.v.
8) Gātha (गाथ):—[from gātu] b See 3. gā.
9) Gāthā (गाथा):—[from gātu] c See 3. gā.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+1): Gathabhigita, Gathadem, Gathadi, Gathadvaya, Gathagova, Gathajananaka, Gathaka, Gathakara, Gathakoshabahvi, Gathala, Gathalem, Gathali, Gathana, Gathanarashamsi, Gathani, Gathapada, Gathapati, Gathashravas, Gathasukhattam, Gathavasane.
Ends with (+20): Abhisambuddha Gatha, Abhiyajnagatha, Akatigatha, Angatha, Avagatha, Cadengatha, Dasavaragatha, Govalagatha, Kayaviratigatha, Koradya Gatha, Lokagatha, Munigatha, Naradevagatha, Nirgatha, Paccanikagatha, Pararkshatagatha, Patigatha, Pitrigatha, Prachinagatha, Pracinagatha.
Full-text (+95): Gathakara, Pararkshatagatha, Gathika, Gathaka, Gathabhigita, Lokagatha, Pracinagatha, Gathapati, Sarvasena, Gathashravas, Samgatha, Navanga, Gathani, Vedagatha, Patigatha, Dhammapada, Dvadashanga, Gathapada, Shailagatha, Koradya Gatha.
Search found 66 books and stories containing Gatha, Gāthā, Gātha, Gāṭhā; (plurals include: Gathas, Gāthās, Gāthas, Gāṭhās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Guide to Tipitaka (by U Ko Lay)
Part 13 - Apadana Pali < [Chapter VIII - Khuddaka Nikaya]
Part 9 - The Theri Gatha Pali < [Chapter VIII - Khuddaka Nikaya]
Part 8 - The Thera Gatha Pali < [Chapter VIII - Khuddaka Nikaya]
A Manual of Khshnoom (by Phiroz Nasarvanji Tavaria)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 9.42 < [Section III - To whom does the Child belong?]
Verse 9.43 < [Section III - To whom does the Child belong?]
Verse 4.224 < [Section XIV - Other Duties]
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms (by Fa-Hien)
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa XI, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 6 < [Eleventh Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XIII, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Thirteenth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XI, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 7 < [Eleventh Kāṇḍa]
Chapter XVII - On the Questions Raised by the Crowd < [Section Two]
Chapter XX - On Holy Actions (b) < [Section Three]
Chapter XLIII - On Bodhisattva Kasyapa (d) < [Section Nine]