Vidyadevi, Vidyādevī, Vidya-devi: 3 definitions

Introduction

Vidyadevi means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vidyadevi in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Vidyādevī (विद्यादेवी) or “the Goddesses of learning” are sixteen in number, commonly depicted as in Jaina iconography.—In no other Indian religion are the goddesses of knowledge so numerous. Besides the sixteen Vidyādevīs, the Jains of both sects admit into their pantheon, one Śrutadevī or Sarasvatī approximating very closely the Brahmanical conception of the same goddess. [...] She seems to be at the head of the collective body of the sixteen Vidyādevīs and her worship is prior to that of other subordinate deities. [...] The conceptions and imageries of the other sixteen goddesses of learning, if analysed disclose clear points of identity in respect of names, attributes, etc., with those of the Jain Yakṣiṇīs.

The sixteen Vidyādevīs (goddesses of learning) are:—

  1. Rohiṇī,
  2. Prajñapti,
  3. Vajraśṛṅkhalā,
  4. Vajrāṅkuśā,
  5. Apraticakrā or Jambunadā,
  6. Puruṣadattā,
  7. Kālī,
  8. Mahākālī,
  9. Gaurī,
  10. Gāndhārī,
  11. Mahājvālā or Jvālāmālinī,
  12. Mānavī,
  13. Vairoṭī,
  14. Acyuptā,
  15. Mānasī,
  16. Mahāmānasī.
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vidyadevi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidyādevī (विद्यादेवी).—the goddess of learning.

Vidyādevī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vidyā and devī (देवी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidyādevī (विद्यादेवी).—f. (-vī) A female divinity, one of a class of sixteen peculiar apparently to the mythological system of the Jainas. E. vidyā science, devī a goddess; a goddess of learning or science, a muse.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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