Muda, Mudā: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Muda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mudā (मुदा) refers to “(immeasurable) joy”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.5.—Accordingly, after Goddess Śivā (i.e., Umā/Durgā) granted a boon to Menā:—“Saying so, the Goddess Śivā vanished from there even as Menā was watching. O dear one, on getting the desired boon from the Goddess, Menā attained immeasurable joy [i.e., mudā]. Her misery occasioned by penance vanished. Bowing down in that direction, the chaste lady of delighted mind returned to her abode repeating the benedictory word “Jaya” (be victorious)”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Muda (मुद).—Born of Dharma and Tuṣṭī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 51.

1b) One of the 14 Apsara-gaṇas, born of Vāyu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 19.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Mudā (मुदा) refers to “pleasurable (contact)”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “[...] Bindu resides in Kāmarūpa in the hollow of the multi-storied palace. Through pleasurable contact (mudā-sparśa) at Pūrṇagiri it travels along the Central Channel. Rajas resides in the great sacred field in the perineal region. It is as red as a javā flower and is supported by the Goddess element. [...]

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Muda (मुद) refers to the “pleasure” (of the lords of Yogīs), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Certainly, O friend, these twelve reflections are the female friends of those whose good fortune is liberation [and] they are practised to procure their friendship by wise men who are absorbed in connection [with them]. When these [reflections] are correctly done constantly for the pleasure (muda) of the lords of Yogīs (i.e. the Jinas), a joyful woman in the form of liberation with a heart kindly disposed to love, is produced”.

Synonyms: Harṣa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Mūḍā.—(LP), same as mūḍaka or mūṭaka; a measure of capacity equal to a hundred maunds or to 24 maunds in the Surat District. Note: mūḍā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mudā : (f.) gladness.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mudā, (f.) (fr. mud, see modati) joy, pleasure D. II, 214 (v. l. pamudā); Sdhp. 306, 308. (Page 537)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

muḍā (मुडा).—m An oval or a spheroid-form bundle or case formed of layers of rice-straw or grass bound round with cord, containing rice or grain, and sometimes charcoal. These cases are of different sizes and of some varieties of shape, and they bear different names (see kōḷēṃ, cōbā, āgaḷā, muḍēṃ): also the quantity of rice or grain so contained; consisting at Bombay of twenty-five maunds, at some other places, of twenty-eight. See further under muḍī. 3 A lump of gūḷa as taken out of the ḍhēpāḷī or inspissating pit. muḍā ghālūna basaṇēṃ To sit bundled together, the head upon the knees and the arms around them (i.e. assuming the form of the rice-muḍā).

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muḍā (मुडा).—a Of which the mouth is broken off--a vessel, earthen or metal.

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mudā (मुदा).—& mudāī Usually written muddā & muddaī.

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mūda (मूद).—f Boiled rice as turned out from the mudāḷēṃ (a sort of ladle) by which it is taken up from the pot. 2 An ornament of the shape of this rice-lump for the head of females: also an ornament kalaśa-shaped for the temples. 3 The piece of leather or cloth on a jhūla over which the taṅga or girth passes. 4 The loop, eye, or catch in the middle of a khōgīra &c. Probably other senses occur of mudanī q. v.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

muḍā (मुडा).—m An oval bundle formed of layers of grass, containing grain, &c. muḍā ghālūna basaṇēṃ To sit bundled cogether.

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mūda (मूद).—f A lump of boiled rice. An orna- ment of that shape.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mudā (मुदा).—f. [mud kvap vā ṭāp] Joy, delight, pleasure, gladness, satisfaction; पितुर्मुदं तेन ततान सोऽर्भकः (piturmudaṃ tena tatāna so'rbhakaḥ) R.3.25; अश्नन् पुरो हरितको मुदमादधानः (aśnan puro haritako mudamādadhānaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 5.58;1.23; विषादे कर्तव्ये विदधति जडाः प्रत्युत मुदम् (viṣāde kartavye vidadhati jaḍāḥ pratyuta mudam) Bhartṛhari 3.25 द्विपरणमुदा (dviparaṇamudā) Gītagovinda 11; Kirātārjunīya 5.25; R.7.3; मुदे विद्यादाता प्रचुरधनदातापि न मुदे (mude vidyādātā pracuradhanadātāpi na mude) Udb.; Bhāgavata 1.12.6.

See also (synonyms): mud.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mudā (मुदा).—f.

(-dā) Happiness, joy. E. mud to be happy, aṅ and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mudā (मुदा).—[mud + ā] 1., f. Joy, pleasure, Chr. 13, 19; 35, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mudā (मुदा).—[feminine] = [preceding], poss. vant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Muda (मुद):—[from mud] mfn. See hasā-muda

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a teacher, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Mudā (मुदा):—[from muda > mud] a f. See below.

4) [from mud] b f. pleasure, joy, gladness, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mudā (मुदा):—(dā) 1. f. Happiness.

[Sanskrit to German]

Muda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Muda in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) hornless (as -[baila]); bald-headed; shaven-headed; (nf) a language spoken by some aboriginals in Bihar; (nm) a lad; boy-servant; boots..—muda (मुंडा) is alternatively transliterated as Muṃḍā.

2) Muda (मुद) [Also spelled mud]:—(nm) joy, pleasure, delight.

3) Mudā (मुदा):—(ind) but, the purport being, I mean to say.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Mudā (मुदा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Mud.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Muda (ಮುದ):—[noun] a feeling of extreme pleasure or satisfaction; great joy or pleasure; delight.

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Mūḍa (ಮೂಡ):—[noun] = ಮೂಡು [mudu]3.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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