Ku: 14 definitions



Ku means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ku (कु).—(l) guttural class of consonants, ie the consonants क्, ख्, ग्, घ्, ङ् (k, kh, g, gh, ) The vowel उ (u) added to क् (k), signifies the class of क् (k). e. g. चजोः कु घिण्यतो (cajoḥ ku ghiṇyato), VII.3.52, कुहोश्चुः (kuhoścuḥ) VII.4.62, चोः कुः (coḥ kuḥ) VIII.2.30, किन्प्रत्ययस्य कुः (kinpratyayasya kuḥ); VIII.2.62; cf. अणुदित्सवर्णस्य चाप्रत्ययः (aṇuditsavarṇasya cāpratyayaḥ) P.I.1.69; (2) substitute कु (ku) for किम् (kim) cf. P.VII.2. 104.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Ku (कु).—1. Earth. 2. Base of a triangle. Note: Ku is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ku.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’. (CITD), a contraction of Telugu kuṇṭalu or kuccelu, a certain measure of land. Note: ku is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Ku.—ṟṟam (IE 8-4), Tamil; a district or its subdivision; sometimes the same as nāḍu, but sometimes only the part of a nāḍu. Note: ku is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ku (कु).—f S The earth. Ex. of comp. kugati f Motion of the earth. kuchāyā f Shade of the earth. kujyā f Arc of the circumference of the earth. kuparidhi m Circumference of the earth. kuparyaṭana n Traveling over the earth. kupradakṣiṇā f Circumambulation of the earth. kuvṛtta n Circumference of the earth. kuvyāsa m Diameter of the earth. kudina n See in order.

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ku (कु).—ind S A particle of depreciation implying badness gen. It is prefixed at will to Sanskrit nouns, and, with less frequency and with no elegance, to nouns purely Maraṭhi: the few words therefore which are inserted are inserted as examples.

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kū (कू).—n See explained under .

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ku (कु).—ind A particle of depreciation imply- ing Badness. f The earth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ku (कु).—f.

1) The earth; Śi.19.17.

2) The base of a triangle or any plane figure; कुः पृथ्वी, कुः कुचं कूलम् (kuḥ pṛthvī, kuḥ kucaṃ kūlam) ... ()| Enm.

Derivable forms: kuḥ (कुः).

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Ku (कु).—ind. A prefix implying 'badness', 'deterioration', 'depreciation', 'sin', 'reproach', 'littleness', 'want', 'deficiency', &c. Its various substitutes are कद् (kad) (kadaśva), कव (kava) (kavoṣṇa), का () (koṣṇa), किं (kiṃ) (kiṃprabhuḥ); cf. Pt.5.17.

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Ku (कु).—I. 1 P. (kavate) To sound. -II. 6 Ā. (kuvate)

1) To moan, groan.

2) To cry. -III. 2 P. (kauti) To hum, coo (as a bee.) ...कुवत्पक्षिकुलाकुलाः (kuvatpakṣikulākulāḥ) Bk.9.1.

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Kū (कू).—1, 6 Ā. (kuvate, kuvate); also [ku] 9 U. (ku-kū-nāti, ku-kū-nīte)

1) To sound, make noise, cry out in distress, खगाश्चुकुविरेऽशुभम् (khagāścukuvire'śubham) Bk.14.2;1.2;14.5;15.26;16.29.

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Kū (कू).—f.

1) A female imp.

2) The earth; कूः कृत्या भूरपि स्मृता (kūḥ kṛtyā bhūrapi smṛtā) Enm.

Derivable forms: kūḥ (कूः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ku (कु).—r. 1st cl. (ṅa) kuṅ (kavate) r. 2nd cl. (ṭu) ṭuku (kauti) r. 6th cl. (śiṃ) kuśi (kuvate) r. 9th cl. (ña) kuñ (kunāti, kunīte) 1. To sound, to sound indistinctly, to moan, to groan. 2. To cry as a bird, to coo, to hum as a bee, &c.

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Ku (कु).—f.

(-kuḥ) The earth. ind. A particle of depreciation, and implying. 1. Sin, guilt. 2. Reproach, contempt. 3. Diminution, littleness. 4. Prevention, hindrance, as kupatha a bad road, &c. E. ku to sound, kvip affix, or kuṅ to sound, with the affix ḍa.

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Kū (कू).—r. 6th cl. (ṅa) kūṅ (kuvate) To sound, especially as if in pain, to moan, to groan, &c. (ña) kūña r. 9th cl. (kunāti-nīte) To sound &c. As before.

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Kū (कू).—f.

(-kūḥ) A female Pisacha or goblin. E. to sound, kvip aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ku (कु).—[ku-], a contraction of ka + va, from kim. Former part of compound words, implying, I. Inferiority, wickedness, e. g. ku-karman, 1. n. A wicked action, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 64. 2. adj. Doing wicked actions, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 16, 22. ku-kṛtya, n. A shameful action, [Pañcatantra] 237, 21. ku-go, m. An infirm bull, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 112, 6. ku-jananī, f. A bad mother, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 82, 118. ku-janman, adj. Having a bad origin, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 4, 22. ku-tanaya, m. A son who has not turned out well, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 85. ku-tapasvin, m. A bad ascetic, [Pañcatantra] 126, 1. ku-tarka, m. A false doctrine, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 378. ku-dṛṣṭa, adj. Imperfectly seen, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 1. ku -dṛṣṭi, f. A false system, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12. 95. ku-dhī, adj. sbst. A fool, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 38. ku-nadikā, f. An insignificant rivulet, Pañc, i. [distich] 31. ku-patha, m. 1. An erroneous way, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 7, 14. 2. A proper name, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 203. ku-parīkṣaka, m. A bad estimator, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 12. ku-parīkṣita, adj. Imperfectly examined, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 1. ku-putra, m. A contemptible son, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 161. ku-puruṣa, m. 1. A contemptible man, Mahābhārata 13, 108. 2. A coward, 5, 5493. ku-plava, m. A frail boat, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 161. ku-buddhi, adj. 1. Foolish, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 5, 17. 2. Mischievous, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 444. ku-bhṛtya, m. A bad servant, [Pañcatantra] 83, 43. ku -mati, A. f. 1. Perversity, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 7. 2. Error, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 9, 36. B. adj. Foolish, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 15, 17. ku-mantra, m. An evil advice, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 3, 13. ku-mantrin, m. A bad counsellor, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 455. ku-mārga, m. An erroneous way, [Pañcatantra] 122, 24. ku-mitra, n. A false friend, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 61. ku-medhas, adj. Mischievous, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 20, 33. ku-rājan, m. A contemptible king, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 64. ku-rūpa, adj. Ugly, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 17. ku-varṣa, m. A heavy shower, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 89, 15. ku-vākya, n. Injurious speech, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 64. ku-vivāha, m. A culpable marriage, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 63. ku -saciva, m. A bad counsellor, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 439. ku-sṛti, adj. Walking in error; a sinner, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 23, 7. Ii. Surprise: How, cf. e. g. kumāra; how muc? cf. e. g. kumuda.

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Ku (कु).—see .

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Ku (कु).—f. The earth, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 1, 42.

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Kū (कू).—and ku Ku, ii. 2, [Parasmaipada.], i. 1 and 6, [Ātmanepada.], and as v. r. of knū, ii. 9, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] To cry. Frequent. kokūya, cf. ; cf. ākūta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ku (कु).—1. (°—) = kad.

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Ku (कु).—2. v. .

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Ku (कु).—3. [feminine] earth, soil, land.

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Kū (कू).—1. kuvate [with] ā intend.

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Kū (कू).—2. [adverb] where? [with] cid anywhere.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ku (कु):—1. ku a [pronominal] base appearing in kutas, kutra, kuvid, kuha, kva, and as a prefix implying deterioration, depreciation, deficiency, want, littleness, hindrance, reproach, contempt, guilt

2) originally perhaps ku signified ‘how (strange!)’

3) as a separate word ku occurs only in the lengthened form 3. q.v.

4) 2. ku f. the earth, [Āryabhaṭa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka; Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 1, 42]

5) the ground or base of a triangle or other plane figure, [commentator or commentary] on [Āryabhaṭa]

6) the number ‘one.’

7) 3. ku See √1. .

8) Kū (कू):—1. or ku [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] kauti ([Vedic or Veda] kavīti, [Pāṇini 7-3, 95]), or [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] kavate ([Dhātupāṭha xxii, 54]), or [class] 6. kuvate ([ib. xxviii, 108]), or [class] 9. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] kUnAti, kUnAte (perf. 3. [plural] cukuvur, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]),

—to sound, make any noise, cry out, moan, cry (as a bird), coo, hum (as a bee) etc., [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] : [class] 1. kavate, to move, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 14] :—[Intensive] [Ātmanepada] kokūyate ([Nirukta, by Yāska; Pāṇini]) [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] kokavīti and cokūyate ([Pāṇini 7-4, 63; Kāśikā-vṛtti]),

—to cry aloud, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya];—(cf. [Greek] κωκύω.)

9) 2. ind. (= kva) where? [Ṛg-veda v, 74, 1.]

10) 3. f. a female Piśāca or goblin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ku (कु):—(ṅa) kavate 1. d. (la) kauti 2. a. (śi, ṅa) kuvate 6. a. (ga, ña) kunāti nīte To sound, to groan; to coo.

2) (kuḥ) 2. f. The earth (Compo). a. Mean, bad.

3) Kū (कू):—(śa, ṅa) kuvate 6. d. To sound; to moan. (ña, ga) kunāti, nīte 9. c. To be in pain, to groan.

4) (kūḥ) 3. f. A female goblin.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ku (कु):—1.

1) pron. interr., erhalten in den advv. kutas, kutra, kuvid, kuha, kva und am Anfange von compp., als Ausdruck des Mangelhaften, Schlechten gaṇa svarādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 37. Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 4] der [SAUNĀGA] zu [2, 2, 18.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 32,] ([COLEBR. 28],) [2] (pāpakutseṣadarthe). [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 7, 7] und [Medinīkoṣa avyaya (s. Med.). 11] (ausser den eben angeführten Bedd. noch nivāraṇe). Accent eines solchen comp. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 2], Vārtt. kuprāvṛta schlecht bekleidet [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 6, 8.] kutapasvin ein böser Büsser [Pañcatantra 126, 1.] Ursprünglich hob ku nur das Ausserordentliche, Aussergewöhnliche einer Erscheinung hervor. Belege hiezu wird man im Folgenden finden. Vgl. 1. ka, 1. kava, 1. kā, kim und su, welches sich zum demonstr. sa verhält wie ku zu ka . —

2) adv. wo: kū ṣṭho devāvaśvinā.yā di.o manāvasū [Ṛgveda 5, 74, 1.] Mit cid wo immer, irgendwo: kū citsa.īrū.ve gā viveda [9, 87, 8.] Vgl. kva .

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Ku (कु):—2. Verbalwurzel s. .

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Ku (कु):—3. f.

1) die Erde [Amarakoṣa 2, 1, 3.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 1, 1] (). [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 936.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 1, 42.] [DURGA] zu [Yāska’s Nirukta 2, 7] bemerkt, dass ku im [das] unter den Namen für Erde fehle; als Beleg führt er an: nāgnicinnarakaṃ yāti na satputro na kupradaḥ (Land schenkend, näml. den Brahmanen). Eher bedeutet kuprada freigebig. Vgl. kvadhaḥstha . —

2) (wie alle Synonyme von Erde) the ground or base of a triangle or other plane figure [Algebra 69.]

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Kū (कू):—1. und ku ein Geschrei erheben; ku, kauti (kavīti ved. Lesart der [ĀPIŚALA] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 3, 95]) [DHĀTUP. 24, 33.] ku, kavate [22, 54.] ku oder kū, kuvate [28, 108.] kūnāti, kūnīte und kunāti, kunīte [31, 10, v. l.] für knū und knu. cakuvuruccaiḥ pakṣiṇaścānukūlāḥ [Bhaṭṭikavya 1, 27.] cukuvuḥ pattipaṅktayaḥ [14, 5.] khagāścukuvire śubham [20.] saṃnatsyāmyatha vā yoddhuṃ na kopye hīnasattvavat [16, 29.] krūrāścākūṣata dvijāḥ [15, 26.] — intens. kokūyate [Yāska’s Nirukta 5, 26.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 4, 63.] kokūyata uṣṭraḥ . kharaḥ . cokūyate [Scholiast] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 20, 6.] kokavīti śakuntaḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 74,] [Scholiast] akokūyiṣṭa tatsainyaṃ prapalāyiṣṭa cākulam [Bhaṭṭikavya 15, 114.] — kavate unter den Verben der Bewegung [das 2, 14.] — Die den Wörtern kava, kavatnu, kavāri, kavi zu Grunde liegende Wurzel ku oder hat vielleicht die Bedeutung Etwas im Sinne führen gehabt. Vgl. mit ā . — ā beabsichtigen: ā vā agre kuvate yajeyeti [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 1, 4, 6. 12.] — Vgl. ākūta und ākūti .

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Kū (कू):—2. f. eine Piśācī [Śabdamālā im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Ku (कु):—3.

1) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 68, 94.] [BṚH. 8, 21.] [GOLĀDHY. 5, 10. fg. 24.] Bez. der Zahl Eins [WEBER, Jyotiṣa 101. Z. 4 fg.] streiche Eher bedeutet kuprada freigebig.

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Kū (कू):—1. mit ā, ākūya vai yajñaḥ prayujyate [Kāṭhaka-Recension 23, 2.]

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Ku (कु):—3.

1) die Erde [Sūryasiddhānta 1, 39. 53. 12, 82.] als Bez. der Zahl Eins [1, 39.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ku (कु):—1. Pron. interr. in kutas u.s.w. Drückt am Anfange eines Comp. Mangel aus. Vgl. .

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Ku (कु):—2. Verbalwurzel s. .

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Ku (कु):—3. f.

1) die Erde [Āryabhaṭa 2,1.] Land , Erdboden [Indische sprüche 7789.] —

2) die Basis eines Dreiecks (Comm. zu [Āryabhaṭa 2,8]) oder einer anderen Figur.

3) Bez. der Zahl eins.

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Kū (कू):—1. ( ku) —

1) kuvate (nur mit ā) , kauti , kavīti , kavate , kunāti , nunīte , kūnāti , kūnīte ein Geschrei erheben (nur [Bhaṭṭikāvya]). —

2) kavate (gatikarman). — Intens. kokūyate ([Nirukta])., kokavīti , cokūyate ein lautes Geschrei erheben. — Mit ā beabsichtigen.

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Kū (कू):—2. Adv. wo? [Ṛgveda (roth). 5,74,1] (zu trennen kū ṣṭhaḥ d.i. sthas von 1. as). Mit cid irgendwo [9,87,8.]

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Kū (कू):—3. f. eine Piśākī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ku (कु):——a Sanskrit perfix meaning deterioration, depreciation, deficiency, want, littleness, hindrance, reproach, contempt, guilt; ~[kṛtya] see [kukarma; ~khyāta] notorious, infamous; ~[khyāti] notoriety, infamy; ~[gati] bad plight, state of affliction; ~[cailā] dirty, filthy (used only as the latter member of the compound [mailā-kucailā]); ~[joga] mischance, adverse circumstance, ill luck; ~[ṭeka] obduracy; addiction, a bad habit; ~[ḍaula] ugly, having disproportionate physical build, possessing unsymmetrical physical frame; ~[ḍhaṃgā] absurd; lacking proportion or symmetry; inappropriate; ~[ḍhaba] undesirable manner/ill practice; evil way; ~[darśana] ominous; ugly, grotesque; ~[dina] unfavourable times, adversity; ~[dṛṣṭi] ominous glance, a glance resulting in ill-luck; ~[dhātu] a base metal; iron; ~[dhānya] ill-earned foodgrains; ~[nāma] infamy, disrepute; notorious; ~[paṃtha/yaśa] immoral/evil course; •[gāmī] following an immoral/evil course, morally degenerate; ~[putra] an undutiful son, bad son; ~[belā] late hour; too late; ~[bhāva] ill-will, rancour, jealousy; ~[maṃtra] evil counsel, misleading advise: ~[yoga] see ~[joga; ~rāha] evil course, the path of sin; uneven path; ~[rāhī] one who follows the path of degeneration; a sinner; ~[vṛtti] evil tendency; evil calling; bad mentality; ill-disposition.

context information


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