Ku: 10 definitions

Introduction

Ku means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ku (कु).—(l) guttural class of consonants, ie the consonants क्, ख्, ग्, घ्, ङ् (k, kh, g, gh, ) The vowel उ (u) added to क् (k), signifies the class of क् (k). e. g. चजोः कु घिण्यतो (cajoḥ ku ghiṇyato), VII.3.52, कुहोश्चुः (kuhoścuḥ) VII.4.62, चोः कुः (coḥ kuḥ) VIII.2.30, किन्प्रत्ययस्य कुः (kinpratyayasya kuḥ); VIII.2.62; cf. अणुदित्सवर्णस्य चाप्रत्ययः (aṇuditsavarṇasya cāpratyayaḥ) P.I.1.69; (2) substitute कु (ku) for किम् (kim) cf. P.VII.2. 104.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Ku (कु).—1. Earth. 2. Base of a triangle. Note: Ku is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ku.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’. (CITD), a contraction of Telugu kuṇṭalu or kuccelu, a certain measure of land. Note: ku is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Ku.—ṟṟam (IE 8-4), Tamil; a district or its subdivision; sometimes the same as nāḍu, but sometimes only the part of a nāḍu. Note: ku is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ku (कु).—f S The earth. Ex. of comp. kugati f Motion of the earth. kuchāyā f Shade of the earth. kujyā f Arc of the circumference of the earth. kuparidhi m Circumference of the earth. kuparyaṭana n Traveling over the earth. kupradakṣiṇā f Circumambulation of the earth. kuvṛtta n Circumference of the earth. kuvyāsa m Diameter of the earth. kudina n See in order.

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ku (कु).—ind S A particle of depreciation implying badness gen. It is prefixed at will to Sanskrit nouns, and, with less frequency and with no elegance, to nouns purely Maraṭhi: the few words therefore which are inserted are inserted as examples.

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kū (कू).—n See explained under .

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ku (कु).—ind A particle of depreciation imply- ing Badness. f The earth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ku (कु).—f.

1) The earth; Śi.19.17.

2) The base of a triangle or any plane figure; कुः पृथ्वी, कुः कुचं कूलम् (kuḥ pṛthvī, kuḥ kucaṃ kūlam) ... ()| Enm.

Derivable forms: kuḥ (कुः).

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Ku (कु).—ind. A prefix implying 'badness', 'deterioration', 'depreciation', 'sin', 'reproach', 'littleness', 'want', 'deficiency', &c. Its various substitutes are कद् (kad) (kadaśva), कव (kava) (kavoṣṇa), का () (koṣṇa), किं (kiṃ) (kiṃprabhuḥ); cf. Pt.5.17.

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Ku (कु).—I. 1 P. (kavate) To sound. -II. 6 Ā. (kuvate)

1) To moan, groan.

2) To cry. -III. 2 P. (kauti) To hum, coo (as a bee.) ...कुवत्पक्षिकुलाकुलाः (kuvatpakṣikulākulāḥ) Bk.9.1.

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Kū (कू).—1, 6 Ā. (kuvate, kuvate); also [ku] 9 U. (ku-kū-nāti, ku-kū-nīte)

1) To sound, make noise, cry out in distress, खगाश्चुकुविरेऽशुभम् (khagāścukuvire'śubham) Bk.14.2;1.2;14.5;15.26;16.29.

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Kū (कू).—f.

1) A female imp.

2) The earth; कूः कृत्या भूरपि स्मृता (kūḥ kṛtyā bhūrapi smṛtā) Enm.

Derivable forms: kūḥ (कूः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ku (कु).—r. 1st cl. (ṅa) kuṅ (kavate) r. 2nd cl. (ṭu) ṭuku (kauti) r. 6th cl. (śiṃ) kuśi (kuvate) r. 9th cl. (ña) kuñ (kunāti, kunīte) 1. To sound, to sound indistinctly, to moan, to groan. 2. To cry as a bird, to coo, to hum as a bee, &c.

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Ku (कु).—f.

(-kuḥ) The earth. ind. A particle of depreciation, and implying. 1. Sin, guilt. 2. Reproach, contempt. 3. Diminution, littleness. 4. Prevention, hindrance, as kupatha a bad road, &c. E. ku to sound, kvip affix, or kuṅ to sound, with the affix ḍa.

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Kū (कू).—r. 6th cl. (ṅa) kūṅ (kuvate) To sound, especially as if in pain, to moan, to groan, &c. (ña) kūña r. 9th cl. (kunāti-nīte) To sound &c. As before.

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Kū (कू).—f.

(-kūḥ) A female Pisacha or goblin. E. to sound, kvip aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ku (कु).—[ku-], a contraction of ka + va, from kim. Former part of compound words, implying, I. Inferiority, wickedness, e. g. ku-karman, 1. n. A wicked action, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 64. 2. adj. Doing wicked actions, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 16, 22. ku-kṛtya, n. A shameful action, [Pañcatantra] 237, 21. ku-go, m. An infirm bull, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 112, 6. ku-jananī, f. A bad mother, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 82, 118. ku-janman, adj. Having a bad origin, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 4, 22. ku-tanaya, m. A son who has not turned out well, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 85. ku-tapasvin, m. A bad ascetic, [Pañcatantra] 126, 1. ku-tarka, m. A false doctrine, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 378. ku-dṛṣṭa, adj. Imperfectly seen, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 1. ku -dṛṣṭi, f. A false system, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12. 95. ku-dhī, adj. sbst. A fool, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 38. ku-nadikā, f. An insignificant rivulet, Pañc, i. [distich] 31. ku-patha, m. 1. An erroneous way, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 7, 14. 2. A proper name, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 203. ku-parīkṣaka, m. A bad estimator, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 12. ku-parīkṣita, adj. Imperfectly examined, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 1. ku-putra, m. A contemptible son, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 161. ku-puruṣa, m. 1. A contemptible man, Mahābhārata 13, 108. 2. A coward, 5, 5493. ku-plava, m. A frail boat, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 161. ku-buddhi, adj. 1. Foolish, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 5, 17. 2. Mischievous, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 444. ku-bhṛtya, m. A bad servant, [Pañcatantra] 83, 43. ku -mati, A. f. 1. Perversity, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 7. 2. Error, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 9, 36. B. adj. Foolish, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 15, 17. ku-mantra, m. An evil advice, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 3, 13. ku-mantrin, m. A bad counsellor, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 455. ku-mārga, m. An erroneous way, [Pañcatantra] 122, 24. ku-mitra, n. A false friend, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 61. ku-medhas, adj. Mischievous, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 20, 33. ku-rājan, m. A contemptible king, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 64. ku-rūpa, adj. Ugly, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 17. ku-varṣa, m. A heavy shower, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 89, 15. ku-vākya, n. Injurious speech, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 64. ku-vivāha, m. A culpable marriage, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 63. ku -saciva, m. A bad counsellor, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 439. ku-sṛti, adj. Walking in error; a sinner, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 23, 7. Ii. Surprise: How, cf. e. g. kumāra; how muc? cf. e. g. kumuda.

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Ku (कु).—see .

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Ku (कु).—f. The earth, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 1, 42.

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Kū (कू).—and ku Ku, ii. 2, [Parasmaipada.], i. 1 and 6, [Ātmanepada.], and as v. r. of knū, ii. 9, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] To cry. Frequent. kokūya, cf. ; cf. ākūta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ku (कु).—1. (°—) = kad.

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Ku (कु).—2. v. .

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Ku (कु).—3. [feminine] earth, soil, land.

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Kū (कू).—1. kuvate [with] ā intend.

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Kū (कू).—2. [adverb] where? [with] cid anywhere.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ku (कु):—1. ku a [pronominal] base appearing in kutas, kutra, kuvid, kuha, kva, and as a prefix implying deterioration, depreciation, deficiency, want, littleness, hindrance, reproach, contempt, guilt

2) originally perhaps ku signified ‘how (strange!)’

3) as a separate word ku occurs only in the lengthened form 3. q.v.

4) 2. ku f. the earth, [Āryabhaṭa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka; Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 1, 42]

5) the ground or base of a triangle or other plane figure, [commentator or commentary] on [Āryabhaṭa]

6) the number ‘one.’

7) 3. ku See √1. .

8) Kū (कू):—1. or ku [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] kauti ([Vedic or Veda] kavīti, [Pāṇini 7-3, 95]), or [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] kavate ([Dhātupāṭha xxii, 54]), or [class] 6. kuvate ([ib. xxviii, 108]), or [class] 9. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] kUnAti, kUnAte (perf. 3. [plural] cukuvur, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]),

—to sound, make any noise, cry out, moan, cry (as a bird), coo, hum (as a bee) etc., [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] : [class] 1. kavate, to move, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 14] :—[Intensive] [Ātmanepada] kokūyate ([Nirukta, by Yāska; Pāṇini]) [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] kokavīti and cokūyate ([Pāṇini 7-4, 63; Kāśikā-vṛtti]),

—to cry aloud, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya];—(cf. [Greek] κωκύω.)

9) 2. ind. (= kva) where? [Ṛg-veda v, 74, 1.]

10) 3. f. a female Piśāca or goblin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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