Rathakara, Ratha-kara, Rathakāra, Rathākāra: 15 definitions

Introduction

Rathakara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Rathakāra (रथकार) means a “chariot-maker” etymologically, it should be taken here [see commentary verse 2] as the name of a clan, namely that of the Saudhanvanas (MS. Mill 46, p. 13b). [...] In later times Rathakāra is the name of a caste, and its members are supposed to be the offspring of a marriage between a Māhiṣya and a Karaṇī.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (R) next»] — Rathakara in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rathākāra (रथाकार).—A kingdom of Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 29; 19. 58.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (R) next»] — Rathakara in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

1) Rathakāra (रथकार, ‘chariot-maker’) is mentioned in the Atharvaveda as one of those who are to be subject to the king, seeming to stand generally as an example of the industrial population. He is also referred to in the Yajurveda-saṃhitās and in the Brāhmaṇas: in all these passages, as well as probably in the Atharvaveda also, the Rathakāra already forms a caste.

2) The later system regards the Rathakāra as the offspring of a Māhiṣya (the son of a Kṣatriya husband and a Vaiśya wife) and a Karaṇī (the daughter of a Vaiśya husband and a Śūdra wife), but it is unreasonable to suppose that such an origin is historically accurate.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

One of the seven great lakes (Mahasara, q.v.) in the Himalaya.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Rathakāra is the name of a village mentioned in the “Plates of Skandavarman”. The locality called Rathakāra is said to have been the residence of the donee

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Rathakāra (रथकार) is the name of a lake situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Rathakāra has been described as a lake in the Aṅguttara Nikāya.

According to the Kunāla Jātaka, once there broke out a quarrel between the Koliyas and the Sakiyas regarding the possession of the river Rohiṇī which flows between the Sākiya and Koliya countries. Buddha, however, succeeded in settling the dispute. Many Koliya and Sakiya people were ordained. But spiritual discontent sprang up among them. The Blessed one conducted these brethren to the Himalayas and after illustrating the sins connected with woman-kind by the Kunāla story, and removing their discontent, bestowed upon them the stage of sanctification. The Master transported them to the Himalayas and standing in the sky pointed out to them in a pleasant tract of the Himalayas various mountains: Golden mount, Jewel mount, Vermillion mount, Collyaium mount, Tableland mount, Crystal mount, and five great rivers, and the seven lakes, Kaṇṇamuṇḍaka, Rathakāra, Sīhappapāta, Chaddanta, Tiyaggala, Anotatta, and Kunāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rathakāra.—(SITI), artisan classes; also their association. Note: rathakāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (R) next»] — Rathakara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rathakāra : (m.) chariot-maker; carpenter.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rathakāra refers to: carriagebuilder, chariot-maker, considered as a class of very low social standing, rebirth in which is a punishment (cp. Fick, Sociale Gliederung 56, 207, 209 sq.) S. I, 93; Vin. IV, 9 (as term of abuse, enumerated with other low grades: caṇḍāla veṇa nesāda r. pukkusa), 12 (°jāti); M. II, 152, 183 f.; as kārin at Pv III, 113 (explained as cammakārin PvA. 175). As Npl. name of one of the 7 Great Lakes in the Himālaya (Rathakāradaha), e.g. at Vism. 416; SnA 407.

Note: rathakāra is a Pali compound consisting of the words ratha and kāra.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (R) next»] — Rathakara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rathakāra (रथकार) [or रथकारक, rathakāraka].—m (S) A tribe or an individual of it. It springs from a male of the māhiṣya caste and a woman of the karaṇa or writer-caste. 2 A maker of chariots and carriages.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (R) next»] — Rathakara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rathakara (रथकर) or Rathakāra (रथकार).—

1) a coachbuilder, carpenter, wheel-wright; रथकारः स्वकां भार्यां सजारां शिरसा- वहत् (rathakāraḥ svakāṃ bhāryāṃ sajārāṃ śirasā- vahat) Pt.4.54.

2) Name of a caste called सौधन्वन (saudhanvana) (q. v.); तस्मादत्रैवर्णिको रथकारः (tasmādatraivarṇiko rathakāraḥ) ŚB. on MS.6.6.47; परिशेषाद- त्रैवर्णिको रथकारः स्यात् (pariśeṣāda- traivarṇiko rathakāraḥ syāt) ŚB. on MS.6.1.44. °न्यायः (nyāyaḥ) The rule according to which the रूढ अर्थ (rūḍha artha) is stronger than the यौगिक अर्थ (yaugika artha); cf. योगाद्रूढिर्बलीयसी (yogādrūḍhirbalīyasī). This is discussed and established in connection with the word रथकार (rathakāra) by Jaimini and शबर (śabara) in MS.6.1.44-5.

Derivable forms: rathakaraḥ (रथकरः), rathakāraḥ (रथकारः).

Rathakara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ratha and kara (कर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rathakara (रथकर).—m.

(-raḥ) A carpenter. E. ratha a car, and kara who makes; also rathakāra and rathakṛt .

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Rathakāra (रथकार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A carpenter. 2. A man sprung from the male of the Mahisya, and woman of the Keren or writer caste; by profession, a maker of cars, a coach-maker. E. ratha, kāra who makes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rathakara (रथकर).—[ratha-kara], m. A carpenter.

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Rathakāra (रथकार).—[ratha-kāra], m. 1. A carpenter, [Pañcatantra] 229, 8. 2. A man sprung from a male of the Māhiṣya and a female of the Karaṇī caste, by profession a coach-maker.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rathakāra (रथकार).—[masculine] wheelwright.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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