Karabha, Kārabha: 16 definitions



Karabha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Karabha (करभ) refers to one of the 23 types of dohā metres (a part of mātrā type) described in the 1st chapter of the Vṛttamauktika by Candraśekhara (17th century): author of many metrical compositions and the son of Lakṣmīnātha Bhaṭṭa and Lopāmudrā.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Karabha (करभ).—A King who bowed before Jarāsandha, King of Magadha. (Śloka 13, Chapter 14, Sabhā Parva, Mahābhārata).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Karabha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Karabha (करभ) or Karabhagrāma is the name of an ancient village, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 108. Accordingly, as a certain woman from Vakrolaka said to Nāgasvāmin: “... go! In a village of the name of Karabha, three yojanas distant from this place [Vakrolaka], there is a Brāhman of the name of Devarakṣita. He has in his house a splendid brown cow, an incarnation of Surabhi; she will protect you during this night, if you repair to her for refuge...”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Karabha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Karabha (करभ) is the thirty-second of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (e.g., karabha), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karabha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

karabha : (m.) 1. a camel; 2. the wrist.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Karabha, the trunk of an elephant; in karabhoru (k°+ūru) (a woman) with beautiful thighs Mhbv 29. (Page 196)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

karabha (करभ).—m S The hand from the wrist to the root of the fingers, metacarpus. 2 A young camel or any young animal.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karabha (करभ).—[kṝ-abhac Uṇ.3.122; kare-bhāti bhā-ka Tv.]

1) The back of the hand from the wrist to the root of the fingers; metacarpus, as in करभोपमोरूः (karabhopamorūḥ) R.6.83; see करभोरू (karabhorū) below.

2) The trunk of an elephant.

3) A young elephant.

4) A young camel; उष्ट्री च करभश्चेति (uṣṭrī ca karabhaśceti) Mahābhārata on P.I.2.66. पृथ्वीरजः करभकण्ठकडारमाशाः (pṛthvīrajaḥ karabhakaṇṭhakaḍāramāśāḥ) (saṃvivyuḥ) Śi.5.3.

5) A camel in general.

6) A kind of perfume.

7) The hip.

-bhī A she camel.

Derivable forms: karabhaḥ (करभः).

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Kārabha (कारभ).—a. Produced or coming from a camel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Karabha (करभ).—m., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 8020 = Tibetan hod mdzes, beautiful light.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karabha (करभ).—m.

(-bhaḥ) 1. The metacarpus, the hand from the wrist to the root of the fingers. 2. A young camel or any young animal. 3. A young elephant. 4. A perfume, commonly Nakhi. f. (-bhī) A she camel. E. kṛ to reject, abhac Unadi affix: see kalabha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karabha (करभ).—[kara-bha] (vb. bhā), m. 1. The metacarpus, the hand from the wrist to the root of the fingers, Mahābhārata 3, 16138. 2. An elephant’s trunk, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 6, 83. 3. A young elephant, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 2, 22. 4. A young camel, [Pañcatantra] 229, 5. 5. A camel, Mahābhārata 2, 1200.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karabha (करभ).—[masculine] the trunk of an elephant; a young elephant or camel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karabha (करभ):—[from kara] 1. karabha m. (for 2. See [column]3) (√kṝ, [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 122]; but more probably connected with 1. kara), the trunk of an elephant, [Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a young elephant, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a camel, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a young camel, [Pañcatantra]

5) [v.s. ...] the metacarpus (the hand from the wrist to the root of the fingers), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa] [commentator or commentary] on [Uṇādi-sūtra] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] (in mus.) a singer who wrinkles the forehead when singing

7) [v.s. ...] a kind of perfume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a wall, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of Danta-vakra (king of the Karūṣas), [Mahābhārata ii, 577]

10) Karabhā (करभा):—[from karabha > kara] f. a particular plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Karabha (करभ):—[from kara] 2. karabha (for 1. See [column]2) n. the lunar mansion called Hasta, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

12) a etc., for 1. See p. 254, col. 2

13) for 2., p. 254, col. 3.

14) Kārabha (कारभ):—mfn. ([from] kar), produced by or coming [from] a camel, [Caraka; Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karabha (करभ):—(bhaḥ) 1. m. The metacarpus; a young camel or elephant or animal; a perfume.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Karabha (करभ):—

1) m. [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 3, 121.] a) Mittelhand [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 32.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 284.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 592.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 453.] [Medinīkoṣa bh. 14.] karabhotkaṭamūrdhajāḥ (rākṣasyaḥ) [Mahābhārata 3, 16138.] — b) Elephantenrüssel [BALA] beim [Scholiast] zu [Naiṣadhacarita 9, 43.] karabhopamorū [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 83.] karabhorū [Śākuntala 69.] [?ad. 62. Amaruśataka 69. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 9, 17. Śiśupālavadha 10, 69. BURN.] übersetzt das Wort durch Rüssel, der Scholiast des [Amaruśataka] schwankt zwischen Mittelhand und einem jungen Elephanten (dessen Rüssel beim Vergleich gemeint sei), der Schol. in der Calc. Ausg. des [Raghuvaṃśa] und [Mallinātha] zu [Śiśupālavadha] denken nur an die Mittelhand. Der Vergleich der Schenkel mit einem Elephantenrüssel ist den Indern ganz geläufig: hastihastopamasaṃhatorū [Mahābhārata 4, 1197.] nāganāsoru [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 22, 2.] kareṇuhastapratimaḥ savyaścoruḥ [27, 28.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 1, 36.] Für die Bed. Rüssel, welche nur [BALA] kennt, spricht ferner karabhin und die folgende Stelle, wo Vṛtra’s Hand mit einem karabha verglichen wird: sa tu vṛtrasya parighaṃ karaṃ ca karabhopamam . ciccheda [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 12, 25.] In dieser und der vorhergehenden Bed. scheint das Wort sich an kara Hand anzuschliessen. — c) Kameel [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [ADBH. BR.] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 40.] karabhāṇāṃ sahasrāṇi koṣaṃ tasya -ūhurdaśa [Mahābhārata 2, 1200.] karabhāruṇagātrāṇāṃ harīṇām [3, 16347.] vyajāyanta kharā goṣu karabhā śvatarīṣu ca [16, 41.] [Suśruta 1, 109, 19. 2, 329, 19.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 79.] f. karabhī [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] — d) ein junges Kameel [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 75.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] ein dreijähriges Kameel [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1255.] ein junger Elephant (vgl. kalabha) [Sārasundarī] zu [Amarakoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] tena tathā kṛtaṃ yathā tasya pracurā uṣṭrāḥ karabhāśca saṃmilitāḥ [Pañcatantra 229, 5.] Dagegen werden [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 2, 22. 25] junge Elephanten mit dem Worte bezeichnet. — e) ein best. Parfum (nakha) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — f) ein Beiname von Dantavakra, Fürsten der Karūṣa, [Mahābhārata 2, 577.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 608.] —

2) f. karabhī Tragia involucrata Lin. [Śabdakalpadruma] u. vṛścikālī .

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Kārabha (कारभ):—(von karabha) adj. vom Kameel herrührend: mūtra [Suśruta 1, 194, 8.]

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Karabha (करभ):—

1) b) karabhorū [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 69,] [Scholiast] — c) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S.3,35. 16,30.] [Spr. 1204.] [Oxforder Handschriften 122,b,18. 339,b,17.] — g) Hüfte (kaṭi) [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] — h) grāma = karabhaka Nomen proprium eines Dorfes [Kathāsaritsāgara 108, 30.]

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Karabha (करभ):—

1) b) die Mittelhand beim Vergleich mit dem Schenkel gemeint [Sāhityadarpana 100, 15.] — c) karabhī [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 337.] [Medinīkoṣa Manu’s Gesetzbuch 30.] — d) kari = karabha ein junger Elephant [VĀMANA 2, 2, 17.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Karabha (करभ):—1. —

1) m. — a) Elephantenrüssel [Mahābhārata 3,280,46.] — b) Kamel. — c) Kameljunges. — d) Elephantenjunges. Auch kari. — e) Mittelhand. — f) ein Sänger , der beim Singen eine Grube in der Stirn bildet , [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 117.] — g) *ein best. Parfum. — h) *Wand [Galano's Wörterbuch] — i) Beiname Dantavakra's. —

2) *f. ā Fennich [Galano's Wörterbuch] —

3) *f. ī — a) Kamelweibchen. — b) Tragia involucrata.

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Karabha (करभ):—2. n. das Mondhaus Hasta [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,70,1.5.]

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Kārabha (कारभ):—Adj. vom Kamel herrührend [Carakasaṃhitā 6,18.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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