Karabha, Kārabha: 20 definitions
Karabha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Karabha (करभ) refers to one of the 23 types of dohā metres (a part of mātrā type) described in the 1st chapter of the Vṛttamauktika by Candraśekhara (17th century): author of many metrical compositions and the son of Lakṣmīnātha Bhaṭṭa and Lopāmudrā.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Karabha (करभ).—A King who bowed before Jarāsandha, King of Magadha. (Śloka 13, Chapter 14, Sabhā Parva, Mahābhārata).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Karabha (करभ) or Karabhagrāma is the name of an ancient village, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 108. Accordingly, as a certain woman from Vakrolaka said to Nāgasvāmin: “... go! In a village of the name of Karabha, three yojanas distant from this place [Vakrolaka], there is a Brāhman of the name of Devarakṣita. He has in his house a splendid brown cow, an incarnation of Surabhi; she will protect you during this night, if you repair to her for refuge...”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Karabha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Karabha (करभ) refers to a “young camel”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If at rising and setting the sun should be hid by clouds of the shape of implements of war, he will bring on strife; if these clouds should appear like a deer, a buffalo, a bird, an ass or a young camel [i.e., mṛga-mahiṣa-vihaga-khara-karabha-sadṛśa], mankind will be afflicted with fears. The planets, when subjected to the hot rays of the sun are freed from their impurities just as gold is purified by the action of the fire”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism
Karabha (करभ) is the thirty-second of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.
Among these decimal positions (e.g., karabha), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
karabha : (m.) 1. a camel; 2. the wrist.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Karabha, the trunk of an elephant; in karabhoru (k°+ūru) (a woman) with beautiful thighs Mhbv 29. (Page 196)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
karabha (करभ).—m S The hand from the wrist to the root of the fingers, metacarpus. 2 A young camel or any young animal.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Karabha (करभ).—[kṝ-abhac Uṇādi-sūtra 3.122; kare-bhāti bhā-ka Tv.]
1) The back of the hand from the wrist to the root of the fingers; metacarpus, as in करभोपमोरूः (karabhopamorūḥ) R.6.83; see करभोरू (karabhorū) below.
2) The trunk of an elephant.
3) A young elephant.
4) A young camel; उष्ट्री च करभश्चेति (uṣṭrī ca karabhaśceti) Mahābhārata on P.I.2.66. पृथ्वीरजः करभकण्ठकडारमाशाः (pṛthvīrajaḥ karabhakaṇṭhakaḍāramāśāḥ) (saṃvivyuḥ) Śiśupālavadha 5.3.
5) A camel in general.
6) A kind of perfume.
7) The hip.
-bhī A she camel.
Derivable forms: karabhaḥ (करभः).
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Kārabha (कारभ).—a. Produced or coming from a camel.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Karabha (करभ).—m., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 8020 = Tibetan hod mdzes, beautiful light.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-bhaḥ) 1. The metacarpus, the hand from the wrist to the root of the fingers. 2. A young camel or any young animal. 3. A young elephant. 4. A perfume, commonly Nakhi. f. (-bhī) A she camel. E. kṛ to reject, abhac Unadi affix: see kalabha.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Karabha (करभ).—[kara-bha] (vb. bhā), m. 1. The metacarpus, the hand from the wrist to the root of the fingers, Mahābhārata 3, 16138. 2. An elephant’s trunk, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 6, 83. 3. A young elephant, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 2, 22. 4. A young camel, [Pañcatantra] 229, 5. 5. A camel, Mahābhārata 2, 1200.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Karabha (करभ).—[masculine] the trunk of an elephant; a young elephant or camel.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Karabha (करभ):—[from kara] 1. karabha m. (for 2. See [column]3) (√kṝ, [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 122]; but more probably connected with 1. kara), the trunk of an elephant, [Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] a young elephant, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
3) [v.s. ...] a camel, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] a young camel, [Pañcatantra]
5) [v.s. ...] the metacarpus (the hand from the wrist to the root of the fingers), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa] [commentator or commentary] on [Uṇādi-sūtra] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] (in mus.) a singer who wrinkles the forehead when singing
7) [v.s. ...] a kind of perfume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] a wall, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] Name of Danta-vakra (king of the Karūṣas), [Mahābhārata ii, 577]
10) Karabhā (करभा):—[from karabha > kara] f. a particular plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) Karabha (करभ):—[from kara] 2. karabha (for 1. See [column]2) n. the lunar mansion called Hasta, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
12) a etc., for 1. See p. 254, col. 2
13) for 2., p. 254, col. 3.
14) Kārabha (कारभ):—mfn. ([from] kar), produced by or coming [from] a camel, [Caraka; Suśruta]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Karabha (करभ):—(bhaḥ) 1. m. The metacarpus; a young camel or elephant or animal; a perfume.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Karabha (करभ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Karabha.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the part of the hand consisting of the five bones between the wrist and the fingers; metacarpus.
2) [noun] the distance from the tip of the ring finger and the tip of the thumb (of the same hand), when stretched apart.
3) [noun] a large cud-chewing mammal, domesticated in parts of Africa and Asia, with slender legs, broad cushioned feet, and either one or two fatty humps on the back; a camel.
4) [noun] a young camel.
5) [noun] the young of any animal.
6) [noun] a kind musical instrument.
7) [noun] a northern constellation between Ursa Major and Cassiopeia; Camelopardus.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+5): Karabhadana, Karabhadani, Karabhadanika, Karabhagrama, Karabhagriva, Karabhajana, Karabhaka, Karabhakandika, Karabhakapila, Karabhanjaka, Karabhanjika, Karabhapriya, Karabhara, Karabharakshama, Karabharana, Karabhari, Karabhari Mandala, Karabhari Mukhatyara, Karabharina, Karabharu.
Full-text (+16): Dikka, Karabhapriya, Karabhaka, Karabhin, Kalabha, Mahakarabha, Karaha, Karabhagrama, Adhahkara, Kancuka, Karabhavallabha, Karabhagriva, Karabhashtaka, Karabhadani, Karabhira, Karabhoru, Sharabha, Karabhi, Karaphu, Sagana.
Search found 9 books and stories containing Karabha, Kārabha, Karabhā; (plurals include: Karabhas, Kārabhas, Karabhās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 73 - Karabheśvara (karabha-īśvara-liṅga) < [Section 2 - Caturaśīti-liṅga-māhātmya]
Chapter 6 - Epithets of Narmadā Explained < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 28 - The Greatness of Somavatī Tīrtha < [Section 1 - Avantīkṣetra-māhātmya]
Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara (Study) (by Debabrata Barai)
Part 8.6 - Region of Paścāddeśa (western part) < [Chapter 5 - Analyasis and Interpretations of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.353 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 2.1.46 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter CVII - Description of a train of dangers < [Book III - Utpatti khanda (utpatti khanda)]
Chapter II - Rama’s recapitulation of vasishtha’s lectures < [Book V - Upasama khanda (upashama khanda)]
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter LX - Symptoms and Treatment of demonology (Amanusha) < [Canto IV - Bhuta-vidya-tantra (psychology and psychiatry)]