Andhakara, Andhakāra, Āndhakāra, Andha-kara: 18 definitions



Andhakara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Andhakara in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Andhakāra (अन्धकार).—One of the seven major mountains in Krauñcadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 88. All of these mountains are tall and filled with gems. It is also known by the name Acchodaka. Krauñcadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who is the son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Andhakāra (अन्धकार).—A son of Dyutimat after whom the kingdom Andhakāra came to be known.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 22, 25.

1b) The eighth battle of Devas and Asuras.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 75 & 82; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 75.

2) Āndhakāra (आन्धकार).—(c)—a kingdom after the name of Andhakāra,1 near Pīvara hill.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 25.
  • 2) Ib. II. 19. 72.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A village in Ceylon, one of the villages given by Aggabodhi IV. for the maintenance of the Padhana ghara built by the king for the Thera Dathasiva. Cv.xlvi.12.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Andhakara in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Andhakāra (अन्धकार, “dark”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., andhakāra). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Andhakara in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Andhakāra (अन्धकार, “darkness”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—“Sound (śabda), union (bandha), fineness (saukṣmya), grossness (sthaulya), shape (saṃsthāna), division (bheda), darkness (tamas or andhakāra), image (chāya or chāyā), warm light (sunshine) (ātapa) and cool light (moonlight) (udyota) also (are forms of matter)”.

What is the meaning of darkness (tamas or andhakāra)? It is the opposite of light or absence of light.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Andhakara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

andhakāra : (m.) darkness; bewilderment.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Andhakāra refers to: blindness (lit. & fig), darkness, dullness, bewilderment Vin.I, 16; D.II, 12; A.I, 56; II, 54; III, 233; J.III, 188; Th.1, 1034; Dh.146; Sn.763; Vv 214 (= avijj° VvA.106); Pug.30; Dhs.617; DA.I, 228; VvA.51, 53, 116, 161; PvA.6; Sdhp.14, 280.

Note: andhakāra is a Pali compound consisting of the words andha and kāra.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Andhakara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

andhakāra (अंधकार).—m (S) pop. andhaḥkāra m Darkness. 2 fig. Mental darkness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

andhakāra (अंधकार).—m Darkness. Fig. mental darkness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Andhakara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Andhakāra (अन्धकार).—[andhaṃ karoti] darkness (lit. and fig.); लीनं दिवाभीतमिवान्धकारम् (līnaṃ divābhītamivāndhakāram) Ku. 1.12; काम°, मदन° (kāma°, madana°); अन्धकारतामुपयाति चक्षुः (andhakāratāmupayāti cakṣuḥ) K.36 grows dim; बाष्पजलधारान्धकारितमुखी (bāṣpajaladhārāndhakāritamukhī) K.161,286.

Derivable forms: andhakāraḥ (अन्धकारः).

Andhakāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms andha and kāra (कार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Andhakāra (अन्धकार).—mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) Darkness. E. andha blind, and kāra what makes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Andhakāra (अन्धकार).—[andha + kāra], m. and n. Darkness, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 51.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Andhakāra (अन्धकार).—[adjective] dark; [masculine] [neuter] darkness, [abstract] [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Andhakāra (अन्धकार):—[=andha-kāra] [from andha > andh] m. n. darkness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Andhakāra (अन्धकार):—[andha-kāra] (raḥ-raṃ) 1. m. n. Darkness.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Andhakāra (अन्धकार):—(andha + kāra) m. n. gaṇa. ardharcādi; [Siddhāntakaumudī.249], b, [4.] Dunkelheit, Finsterniss [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 1, 3.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 146.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 51.] [Daśaratha’s Tod 1, 21.] [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 46.] m. [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 19, 27.] [Vikramorvaśī 65, 19.] balavānandhakāraḥ [Mṛcchakaṭikā 14, 12.] n. pl. [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 19, 58.] ghanāndhakāreṣu [Mṛcchakaṭikā 7, 11.] mānāndhakāra [Amaruśataka 49.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Śṛṅgāratilaka 12.]

--- OR ---

Andhakāra (अन्धकार):—adj. f. ā dunkel: guhā [Mahābhārata 3, 16235.] — Vgl. mahāndhakāra .

--- OR ---

Andhakāra (अन्धकार):—n. [Kathāsaritsāgara 56, 33.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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