Pratikara, Pratikāra: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Pratikara means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pratikar.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pratikara in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pratīkāra (प्रतीकार) refers to “counteractions”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Where this wicked Yama is not stopped by the 30 [gods] even with a hundred counteractions (pratīkāra-śata), what should one say of [Yama being stopped] there by the insects of men? O fool, sentient beings, having begun from the womb, are continually led by [their own] action to Yama’s abode by means of uninterrupted journeys”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pratikara.—cf. kara; also a-kiñchit-pratikara (EI 23), ‘land without any yield of revenue’. (HRS), compensatory allowance paid by the government to dispossessed owners of rent-fee land, as indicated by the Rāja- taraṅgiṇī. Note: pratikara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratikāra (प्रतिकार).—m S (Or pratīkāra) Counterworking, counteracting, re-acting in general; remedying or repairing; opposing or resisting: also revenging, retaliating, requiting.

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pratīkāra (प्रतीकार).—& pratīkāraka S See pratikāra & pratikāraka.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratikāra (प्रतिकार).—m (Or pratikāra.) Counterworking. Remedy. Antidote.

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pratīkāra (प्रतीकार).—See pratikāra.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratikara (प्रतिकर).—Requital, compensation; न सुप्रतिकरं तत् तु मात्रा पित्रा च यत् कृतम् (na supratikaraṃ tat tu mātrā pitrā ca yat kṛtam) Rām.2.111.9.

Derivable forms: pratikaraḥ (प्रतिकरः).

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Pratikāra (प्रतिकार) or Pratīkāra (प्रतीकार).—

1) Requital, reward, return; उपकारेण वीरस्तु प्रतिकारेण युज्यते (upakāreṇa vīrastu pratikāreṇa yujyate) Rām.4.27.45.

2) Revenge, retaliation, retribution.

3) Counter-action, obviating, prevention, remedy, application of a remedy; विकारं खलु परमार्थतोऽज्ञात्वाऽनारम्भः प्रतीकारस्य (vikāraṃ khalu paramārthato'jñātvā'nārambhaḥ pratīkārasya) Ś.3; प्रतीकारो व्याधे (pratīkāro vyādhe); सुखमिति विपर्यस्यति जनः (sukhamiti viparyasyati janaḥ) Bhartṛhari 3.92.

4) Opposition, obstruction.

5) Help.

6) A kind of treaty where one party requites the services of the other.

7) Imitating; नैव स्म सीता विनिवृत्तभावा प्रियस्य भर्तुः प्रतिकारकामा (naiva sma sītā vinivṛttabhāvā priyasya bhartuḥ pratikārakāmā) Rām.2.37.37 (com. bhartuḥ pratikārakāmā veṣādibhistadavasthāsadṛśāvasthāsaṃpādanakāmā).

Derivable forms: pratikāraḥ (प्रतिकारः), pratīkāraḥ (प्रतीकारः).

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Pratīkāra (प्रतीकार).—= प्रतिकार (pratikāra) q. v. अवश्यंभाविभावानां प्रतीकारो भवेद्यदि । तदा दुःखैर्न लिप्येरन् नलरामयुधिष्ठिराः (avaśyaṃbhāvibhāvānāṃ pratīkāro bhavedyadi | tadā duḥkhairna lipyeran nalarāmayudhiṣṭhirāḥ) ||

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikara (प्रतिकर).—m.

(-raḥ) Requital, compensation. E. pra + kṛ-ap .

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Pratikāra (प्रतिकार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Revenge, requital, retribution, retaliation. 2. Remedying, counteracting. 3. Remedy, prevention. 4. Opposition. E. prati again, against, and kāra making; also pratīkāra .

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Pratīkāra (प्रतीकार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Revenge, reataliation. 2. Remedying, obviating, correcting. 3. Remedying, administering medicines. E. prati against, (re), and kāra making, re-action, the is made long in consequence of the aff. being ghañ .

Pratīkāra can also be spelled as Pratikāra (प्रतिकार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikara (प्रतिकर).—i. e. prati-kṛ + a, I. adj., f. , Counteracting, [Suśruta] 2, 270, 6. Ii. m. Compensation, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 169 (read rājāpratikareṇa, i. e. rājā apratikareṇa, ‘Without compensation’).

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Pratikāra (प्रतिकार).—pratīkāra, i. e. prati-kṛ + a, m. 1. Obviating, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 370. 2. Remedying, help, [Hitopadeśa] 85. 6, M.M.; help against, alleviation, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 20, 9. 3. A remedy, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 185. 4. Requital, Rām 4. 27, 20. 5. A kind of peace or alliance, concluded in the hope that the one part will requite services received from the other, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 113, 114.

Pratikāra can also be spelled as Pratīkāra (प्रतीकार).

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Pratīkāra (प्रतीकार).—and pratīkāśa pratīkāśa, see pratikº.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikara (प्रतिकर).—[feminine] ī counteracting; [masculine] requital, compensation.

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Pratikāra (प्रतिकार).—[masculine] requital, retaliation, counteraction, remedy.

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Pratīkāra (प्रतीकार).—[masculine] = pratikāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratikara (प्रतिकर):—[=prati-kara] a etc. See prati- √1. kṛ.

2) [=prati-kara] [from prati-kṛ] b mf(ī)n. acting against, counteracting (ifc.), [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] m. requital, compensation, [Rāmāyaṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) Pratikāra (प्रतिकार):—[=prati-kāra] [from prati-kṛ] m. (cf. pratīk) requital, retaliation, reward, retribution, revenge, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

5) [v.s. ...] opposition, counteraction, prevention, remedy, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] = sama and bhaṭa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Pratīkāra (प्रतीकार):—[=pratī-kāra] [from pratī] m. = prati-k (See under prati-√kṛ), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] an alliance resting on the requital of former services, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratikāra (प्रतिकार):—[prati-kāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Revenge, retaliation; remedy.

2) Pratīkāra (प्रतीकार):—[pratī-kāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Revenge, retaliation; remedying, curing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratikāra (प्रतिकार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paḍiāra, Paḍīāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratikara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Pratikara (प्रतिकर) [Also spelled pratikar]:—(nm) return; compensation.

2) Pratikāra (प्रतिकार) [Also spelled pratikar]:—(nm) revenge, retaliation; return; ~[kāraka] antidote, counter; ~[kārātmaka] retaliatory, born of a sense of revenge; ~[kārī] retaliator; one who takes revenge; ~[kāryatā] reactance/counterability/retaliativity.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratikāra (ಪ್ರತಿಕಾರ):—[noun] he who copies (a book, passage, etc.).

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Pratikāra (ಪ್ರತಿಕಾರ):—

1) [noun] an action, service, done in gratitude.

2) [noun] anything given as an equivalent or to make amends for a loss, damage, unemployment, etc.; recompense; compensation.

3) [noun] returning like for like, esp. returning evil for evil; a paying back injury for injury; retaliation.

4) [noun] a return or opposing action, force, influence, etc.; opposition.

5) [noun] the act of decorating ornamenting oneself.

6) [noun] a turning away or keeping from happening; a warding off; prevention.

7) [noun] a remedying or counteracting a disease.

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Pratīkāra (ಪ್ರತೀಕಾರ):—

1) [noun] the act or fact of removing, preventing or warding of (an evil).

2) [noun] the act of retaliating; return of like for like; reprisal; retaliation.

3) [noun] the medical treatment given or to be given to a sick person.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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