Karam, Kāram, Karām, Kaṟam: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Karam means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Karam [करम] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Adina cordifolia (Roxb.) Brandis from the Rubiaceae (Coffee) family having the following synonyms: Haldina cordifolia, Nauclea cordifolia, Nauclea sterculiifolia. For the possible medicinal usage of karam, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Karam in India is the name of a plant defined with Allium cepa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Allium ascalonicum auct. (among others).

2) Karam is also identified with Barringtonia racemosa It has the synonym Butonica ceylanica Miers (etc.).

3) Karam is also identified with Haldina cordifolia It has the synonym Nauclea sterculiifolia A. Rich. ex DC.) (Adina Salisb., from the Greek adinos ‘clustered, plentiful, crowded’, referring to the clustered flowers. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Hortus Bengalensis (1814)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Forest Fl. N.W. India (1874)
· Acta Agron. Acad. Sci. Hung., (1980)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (1785)
· J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc., (1939)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Karam, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, extract dosage, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāram (कारम्):—[from kāra] (√1. kṛ) [adverb] [indeclinable participle] ifc. (See svāhā-k, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]; namas-k; cauraṃ-k ākrośati, he abuses a person by calling him a thief, [Pāṇini 3-4, 26 [Scholiast or Commentator]]; svāduṃ-k, [ib.; Kāśikā-vṛtti etc.])

[Sanskrit to German]

Karam in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Karam in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) deed, doings; act, work, action; destiny, fate; mercy; ~[jali] an abusive term for a woman or girl meaning luckless/of ill-luck/unfortunate; —[thokana] to lament over one’s lot; —[phutana] to have a stroke of ill luck, to fall into adversity; to be widowed..—karam (करम) is alternatively transliterated as Karama.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Karaṃ (ಕರಂ):—

1) [adverb] excessively; abundantly.

2) [adverb] specially; mainly; to a marked degree; especially.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Karam (கரம்) particle cf. kāra. (Grammar) Expletive used in designating the short vocalic letters of the Tamil alphabet; ஓர் எழுத்துச் சாரியை. [or ezhuthus sariyai.] (நன். [nan.] 126.)

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Karam (கரம்) noun < kara.

1. Hand; கை. கரமலர் மொட்டித்து [kai. karamalar mottithu] (திருவாசகம் [thiruvasagam] 4, 84).

2. Cubit; முழம். அங்குல மறுநான் கெய்தி னதுகரம் [muzham. angula marunan keythi nathugaram] (கந்தபு. அண்டகோ. [kanthapu. andago.] 6).

3. Elephant's trunk; துதிக்கை. கராசலம். [thuthikkai. karasalam.]

4. Heap of palm leaves; ஓலைக்கொத் தின் திரள். [olaikkoth thin thiral.] (J.)

5. Ray of light; கிரணம். ஆயிரந் தழற்கரத்து [kiranam. ayiran thazharkarathu] (கல்லாடம் [kalladam] 13).

6. Light; ஒளி. அக்கரக் கணக்கர் [oli. akkarag kanakkar] (தனிப்பாடற்றிரட்டு [thanippadarrirattu] ii, 30, 70).

7. Tax, duty; குடி யிறை. (திவா.) [kudi yirai. (thiva.)]

8. That which causes, used only as the second member of some compound nouns, as பயங்கரம்; செய்வது. [payangaram; seyvathu.]

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Karam (கரம்) noun < khara.

1. Heat; உஷ் ணம். [ush nam.] (W.)

2. Medicine for winning over a person; love philtre administered to a person without his knowledge or consent; இடுமருந்து. [idumarunthu.] (சீவரட்சாமிருதம் [sivaradsamirutham] 325.)

3. High price; விலையேற்றம். விலை கரமாயிருக்கிறது. [vilaiyerram. vilai karamayirukkirathu.] Local usage

4. Ass; கழுதை. கர மிவர்ந் திட நினைப்பரோ [kazhuthai. kara mivarn thida ninaipparo] (சீகாளத்தி புராணம் கன்னி. [sigalathi puranam kanni.] 61).

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Karam (கரம்) noun < gara. Poison; நஞ்சு. கரம் போலக் கள்ளநோய் காணு மயல் [nanchu. karam polag kallanoy kanu mayal] (சிறுபஞ்சாங்கம் [sirupanchamulam] 62).

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Karam (கரம்) noun < Karam. Name of an Upaniṣad; நூற்றெட்டுபநிடதங்களுள் ஒன்று. [nurrettupanidathangalul onru.]

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Karām (கராம்) noun probably from grāha.

1. A species of alligator; முதலைவகை. முதலையு மிடங்கருங் கராமும் [muthalaivagai. muthalaiyu midangarung karamum] (பத்துப்பாட்டு: குறிஞ்சிப்பாட்டு [pathuppattu: kurinchippattu] 257).

2. Male alligator; ஆண் முதலை. (திவா.) [an muthalai. (thiva.)]

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Kaṟam (கறம்) noun < கறு-. [karu-.] cf. khara. Severity, harshness; கொடுமை. கறம்படு மனத்தின் [kodumai. karambadu manathin] (திருவாலவாயுடையார் திருவிளையாடற் [thiruvalavayudaiyar thiruvilaiyadar] 37, 51).

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Kāram (காரம்) noun < kṣāra. [Telugu: kāramu, K. Travancore usage kāra, M. kāram.]

1. Pungency; உறைப்பு. (சூடாமணிநிகண்டு) [uraippu. (sudamaninigandu)]

2. Caustic, corrosive; கார்ப்புப்பு. [karppuppu.] (W.)

3. Alkali, soda, potash, impure carbonate of soda; சாம்பலுப்பு. [sambaluppu.]

4. Washerman's lye, lixivium; சீலையின் அழுக்குவாங்கும் காரம். [silaiyin azhukkuvangum karam.]

5. Mordant, alkaline preparation for securing fast colours; சாயமிடுங் காரம். [sayamidung karam.]

6. Alum; சீனிக்காரம். [sinikkaram.]

7. cf. taṇkara. Borax; வெண்காரம். [venkaram.]

8. Pellitory-of-Spain, a composite plant. See அக்கரகாரம். [akkaragaram.] (தைலவருக்கச்சுருக்கம் தைல. [thailavarukkachurukkam thaila.] 112.)

9. A mineral poison. See கோளகபாஷாணம். ((சங்கத்தகராதி) தமிழ்சொல்லகராதி) [kolagapashanam. ((sangathagarathi) thamizhsollagarathi)]

10. Ruin, destruction; அழிவு. பாவங்கள் யாவையுங் காரமாக்குத லால் [azhivu. pavangal yavaiyung karamakkutha lal] (திருக்காளத். பு. [thirukkalath. pu.] 26, 4).

11. Sacred ashes; திருநீறு. காரமென்றுரைப்பர் [thiruniru. karamenruraippar] (திருக்காளத். பு. [thirukkalath. pu.] 26, 4).

12. Anger; கோபம். அவன் என்மீது காரமாயிருக்கி றான். [kopam. avan enmithu karamayirukki ran.]

13. Core of timber, hard or solid part of a tree; மரவைரம். (வைத்திய மூலிகை) [maravairam. (vaithiya muligai)]

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Kāram (காரம்) particle < kāra.

1. A particle added to the sounds of letters when pronouncing, as ākāram; ஆகாரம் என்றாற்போல் எழுத்தோடு சேர்ந்துவரும் சாரியைகளில் ஒன்று. [agaram enrarpol ezhuthodu sernthuvarum sariyaigalil onru.] (நன். [nan.] 126.)

2. A particle added to onomatopoeic words, as hāhākāram; ஒலிக்குறிப்போடு சேர்ந்துவரும் ஒரு சாரியை. [olikkurippodu sernthuvarum oru sariyai.]

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Kāram (காரம்) noun < bhṛṅgāra. Gold; பொன். (பிங்கலகண்டு) [pon. (pingalagandu)]

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Karam (கரம்) noun < kṣara. (பாடு. சிவசங். [padu. sivasang.] 6.)

1. Destruction; destructibility; அழிவு. [azhivu.]

2. Insignificance, smallness; சிறுமை. [sirumai.]

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Karam (கரம்) noun < khara. Firmness, fixity; திடம். கரவிசும்பு [thidam. karavisumbu] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் திருவாய்மொழி [nalayira thivyappirapandam thiruvaymozhi] 1, 1, 11).

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Kāram (காரம்) noun < kārya. Act; தொழில். எண்ணார்ந்த காரங்க ளில்லகத்தே பயின்றாயேல் [thozhil. ennarntha karanga lillagathe payinrayel] (நீலகேசி [nilagesi], 280).

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Kāram (காரம்) noun < kāra. (நாநார்த்த. [nagarthathipigai])

1. Certainty; நிச்சயம். [nichayam.]

2. Strength; வலிமை. [valimai.]

3. Effort; முயற்சி. [muyarsi.]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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