Capala, aka: Cāpala, Capalā, Cāpāla; 8 Definition(s)


Capala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chapala.

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

Capala (चपल) is another name for Rājamāṣa (Vigna unguiculata “cow-peas”) according to the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Capala (चपल, “inconsiderate”).—One of the thirty-three vyabhicāribhāva (transitory states), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. It is also known as Cāpala. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

2a) Capalā (चपला) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. Capalā falls in the Anuṣṭup (Anuṣṭubh) class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eighteen syllables each.

2b) Capalā (चपला) refers to a type of āryā syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. The Capalā variation is one amongst five types of āryā-meters.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


1) Capala (चपल).—A son of mṛga elephant.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 333.

2) Capalā (चपला).—A śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 75.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A Yakkha. See Capala cetiya.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).


capala : (adj.) fickle; wavering; unsteady.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Capala, (adj.) (Sk. capala cp. cāpa bow; from *qep to shake or quiver, see Walde Lat. Wtb. under caperro) moving to & fro, wavering, trembling, unsteady, fickle S. I, 204; V, 269; M. I, 470 (and a° steady); A. III, 199, 355, 391; Dh. 33; Pug. 35; J. I, 295; II, 360. At J. VI, 548 it means one who lets the saliva flow out of his mouth (expld by paggharita-lāla “trickle-spit"). (Page 262)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

capala (चपल).—a Active, agile, nimble, quick, smart. Fickle, volatile, restless, fid- gety. Wanton-a woman.

--- OR ---

capalā (चपला).—f Lightning. A wanton woman, a rig.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 22 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mukhacapalā (मुखचपला) refers to a type of āryā syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśā...
Jaghanacapalā (जघनचपला) refers to a type of āryā syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the ...
Capala Cetiya
A shrine near Vesali. Here the Buddha, three months before his parinibbana, definitely deci...
Capala Vagga
The first chapter of the Iddhipada Samyutta. S.v.254-63.
karaṇa (करण).—n An instrument or a means of action. The instrumental case. An organ of sense or...
1) Ārya (आर्य) is the collective name for human beings of the most auspicious Bhogabhūmi (parad...
Vyabhicārin (व्यभिचारिन्) or Vyabhicārī or Sañcārī refers to one of the four ingredients o...
cetiya : (nt.) a sepulchral monument; a pagoda.
Pīppalī (पीप्पली).—A R. from Rṣyavān.** Matsya-purāṇa 114. 25.
Cetiya Sutta
Cetiya, (nt.) (cp. from ci, to heap up, cp. citi, cināti) 1. a tumulus, sepulchral monument, ca...
capa (चप).—int ( H) Silent! still! whist!--- OR --- capa (चप).—ad ( H) Still, quietly, mutely.-...
Unnala, & Unnaḷa (adj.) (Bdhgh. has ud + nala; but it is either a dissimilated form for *ullal...
rājamāṣa (राजमाष).—m S A bean, Dolichos catjang.
vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव).—m S An order of properties into which are classed the consequen...
acapaḷa (अचपळ).—a Wild, restless. Lively.

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