Capalacetiya, Capala-cetiya, Cāpālacetiya: 2 definitions



Capalacetiya means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Capalacetiya in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A shrine near Vesali.

Here the Buddha, three months before his parinibbana, definitely decided to accede to the request of Mara that he should die.

When he announced this decision the earth shook (D.ii.102ff; A.iv.308f; S.v.260f.;; Dvy.201, 207; Mtu.i.209f; iii.306).

The Anguttara Commentary (i.457) states that during the first twenty years of the Buddhas ministry, he sometimes dwelt in Capala cetiya. It was once the residence of the Yakkha Capala, but, later, a vihara was erected on the site for the use of the Buddha (UdA.322f).

Fa Hsien found a pagoda there and relates a story in connection with it (p.43).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Cāpālacetiya (चापालचेतिय) is the name of a sacred spot in the village Vesālī, situated between Rājagaha and Kusāvati or Kusīnārā: an ancient capital of Malla: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Mahāparinibbāna Suttanta we find an account of the Buddha’s journey from Rājagaha to Kusīnārā. We are also told of halting places, the list of which is given in order with important events, viz., Vesālī: while staying here at the Cāpāla Cetiya, the Buddha resolved to die in three months.

In the Saṃyutta Nikāya we find the Buddha speaking of three beautiful Cetiyas of Vesālī, e.g., the Cāpāla Cetiya (named after a Yakkha of this name), the Sattamba Cetiya, and the Sārandada Cetiya (named after a Yakkha of this name). The Buddha speaks very highly of the Cetiyas of Vesālī. They are: Udena, Gotamaka, Sattamba, Bahuputta, Sārandada and Cāpāla. In the Dīgha Nikāya we are told that to the east of Vesālī was the Udena Cetiya, to the south was the Gotamaka Cetiya, to the west was the Sattamba Cetiya, and to the north was the Bahuputta Cetiya.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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