Vyabhicaribhava, aka: Vyabhicarin-bhava, Vyabhicāribhāva; 4 Definition(s)


Vyabhicaribhava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vyabhicharibhava.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vyabhicaribhava in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव) refers to “complementary psychological states”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7.31, the “the sentiment (rasa) is produced (rasa-niṣpattiḥ) from a combination (saṃyoga) of Determinants (vibhāva), Consequents (anubhāva) and Complementary Psychological States (vyabhicāri-bhāva)”.

There are thirty-three types if vyabhicāribhāva defined:

  1. nirveda (discouragement),
  2. glāni (weakness),
  3. śaṅkā (apprehension),
  4. śrama (weariness),
  5. dainya (depression),
  6. augrya, ugratā (cruelty),
  7. cintā (anxienty),
  8. trāsa (fright),
  9. īrṣyā (jealousy),
  10. asūyā (envy),
  11. amarṣa (indignation),
  12. garva (arrogance),
  13. smṛti (recollection),
  14. maraṇa (death),
  15. mada (intoxication),
  16. supta (dreaming),
  17. nidrā (sleaping),
  18. vibodha (awakening),
  19. vrīḍā (shame),
  20. apasmāra (epilepsy),
  21. moha (distraction),
  22. mati (assurance),
  23. alasatā (idleness),
  24. ālasya (indolence),
  25. āvega (agitation),
  26. tarka (deliberation),
  27. avahitthā (dissimulation),
  28. vyādhi (sickness),
  29. unmāda (insanity),
  30. viṣāda (despair),
  31. utsuka (restless/anxious),
  32. autsukya (impatience),
  33. capala (inconsiderate).

These are also known as sañcāribhāva (saṃcāribhāva) which was translated as ‘transitory emotion or mood’.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव, “complementary psychological states”).—“Why are these called vyabhicāriṇaḥ?” [In answer] it is said that vi and abhi are prefixes, and the root cara means ‘to go,’ ‘to move. Hence the word vyabhicāriṇah means ‘those that move in relation to Sentiments towards different [kinds of objects.]’ ‘Move in’ implies carrying. It is questioned, “How do they carry?” In answer it is said, “It is a popular convention to say like this, just as the people say, “The sun carries this nakṣatra (star) or that day.” It does not, however, mean that these are carried on arms or shoulders. But this is a popular belief. Just as the sun carries this star, so is to be understood that the Complementary Psychological States [carry the Sentiments].

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव, “variants”) or Saṃcāribhāva refers to the “accessories of permanent emotions” (like rati etc.) according to Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century).—These vyabhicāribhāvas are thirty-three in number. These vyabhicāribhavas are neither permanent nor inborn. Madness is variant in the case of śṛṅgāra specially in vipralambha-śṛṅgāra. These three treated above are very much needed for the manifestation of rasa.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Vyabhicaribhava in Marathi glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव).—m S An order of properties into which are classed the consequences and symptoms of amorous desire as an object of poetical description. They are thirty-two; or, according to another enumeration, thirty-four; viz. nirvēda, glāni, śaṅkā, asūyā, mada, śrama, ālasya, dainya, cintā, mōha, smṛti, dhṛti, vrīḍā, capalatā, harṣa, āvēga, jaratā, garva, viṣāda, autsukya, nidrā, apasmāra, śaya, vibōdha, amarṣa, avahityā, ugratā, mati, apalambha, vyādhi, unmāda, maraṇa. The additional two are trāsa & vitarka. See bhāva.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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