Vyabhicaribhava, Vyabhicarin-bhava, Vyabhicāribhāva: 7 definitions
Vyabhicaribhava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vyabhicharibhava.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव) refers to “complementary psychological states”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7.31, the “the sentiment (rasa) is produced (rasa-niṣpattiḥ) from a combination (saṃyoga) of Determinants (vibhāva), Consequents (anubhāva) and Complementary Psychological States (vyabhicāri-bhāva)”.
There are thirty-three types if vyabhicāribhāva defined:
- nirveda (discouragement),
- glāni (weakness),
- śaṅkā (apprehension),
- śrama (weariness),
- dainya (depression),
- augrya, ugratā (cruelty),
- cintā (anxienty),
- trāsa (fright),
- īrṣyā (jealousy),
- asūyā (envy),
- amarṣa (indignation),
- garva (arrogance),
- smṛti (recollection),
- maraṇa (death),
- mada (intoxication),
- supta (dreaming),
- nidrā (sleaping),
- vibodha (awakening),
- vrīḍā (shame),
- apasmāra (epilepsy),
- moha (distraction),
- mati (assurance),
- alasatā (idleness),
- ālasya (indolence),
- āvega (agitation),
- tarka (deliberation),
- avahitthā (dissimulation),
- vyādhi (sickness),
- unmāda (insanity),
- viṣāda (despair),
- utsuka (restless/anxious),
- autsukya (impatience),
- capala (inconsiderate).
These are also known as sañcāribhāva (saṃcāribhāva) which was translated as ‘transitory emotion or mood’.Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव, “complementary psychological states”).—“Why are these called vyabhicāriṇaḥ?” [In answer] it is said that vi and abhi are prefixes, and the root cara means ‘to go,’ ‘to move. Hence the word vyabhicāriṇah means ‘those that move in relation to Sentiments towards different [kinds of objects.]’ ‘Move in’ implies carrying. It is questioned, “How do they carry?” In answer it is said, “It is a popular convention to say like this, just as the people say, “The sun carries this nakṣatra (star) or that day.” It does not, however, mean that these are carried on arms or shoulders. But this is a popular belief. Just as the sun carries this star, so is to be understood that the Complementary Psychological States [carry the Sentiments].
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Kavyashastra (science of poetry)Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (kavyashastra)
Vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव, “variants”) or Saṃcāribhāva refers to the “accessories of permanent emotions” (like rati etc.) according to Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century).—These vyabhicāribhāvas are thirty-three in number. These vyabhicāribhavas are neither permanent nor inborn. Madness is variant in the case of śṛṅgāra specially in vipralambha-śṛṅgāra. These three treated above are very much needed for the manifestation of rasa.
Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition
Vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव) refers to:—Same as sañcāri-bhāvas (see Sañcāribhāvas). (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव).—m S An order of properties into which are classed the consequences and symptoms of amorous desire as an object of poetical description. They are thirty-two; or, according to another enumeration, thirty-four; viz. nirvēda, glāni, śaṅkā, asūyā, mada, śrama, ālasya, dainya, cintā, mōha, smṛti, dhṛti, vrīḍā, capalatā, harṣa, āvēga, jaratā, garva, viṣāda, autsukya, nidrā, apasmāra, śaya, vibōdha, amarṣa, avahityā, ugratā, mati, apalambha, vyādhi, unmāda, maraṇa. The additional two are trāsa & vitarka. See bhāva.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव):—[=vy-abhicāri-bhāva] [from vy-abhicāri > vyabhi-car] m. a transitory state (of mind or body, opp. to sthāyi-bh [q.v.], and said to be thirty-four in number, viz. nirveda, glāni, śaṅkā, asūyā, mada, śrama, ālasya, dainya, cintā, moha, smṛti, dhṛti, vrīḍā, capalatā, harṣa, āvega, jaḍatā, garva, viṣāda, autsukya, nidrā, apasmāra, supta, vibodha, amarṣa, avahitthā, ugratā, mati, upālambha, vyādhi, unmāda, maraṇa trāsa, vitarka qq.vv.), [Daśarūpa; Kāvyaprakāśa etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Vyabhicāribhāva (ವ್ಯಭಿಚಾರಿಭಾವ):—[noun] = ವ್ಯಭಿಚಾರಿ [vyabhicari]2 - 2.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+38): Sthayibhava, Samcaribhava, Shanka, Vibhava, Apasmara, Alasya, Bhava, Anubhava, Vibodha, Amarsha, Avahittha, Sattvikabhava, Mati, Anishtashanka, Visada, Trasa, Vrida, Nirveda, Rasa, Glani.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Vyabhicaribhava, Vyabhicarin-bhava, Vyabhicāribhāva, Vyabhicāri-bhāva, Vyabhicari-bhava, Vyabhicārin-bhāva; (plurals include: Vyabhicaribhavas, bhavas, Vyabhicāribhāvas, bhāvas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana (by Gaurapada Dāsa)
Text 4.6 < [Chapter 4 - First-rate Poetry]
Text 4.52 < [Chapter 4 - First-rate Poetry]
Text 4.22 < [Chapter 4 - First-rate Poetry]
Gati in Theory and Practice (by Dr. Sujatha Mohan)
Gati used for the delineation of Bhāva and Rasa < [Chapter 3 - Application of gati in Dṛśya-kāvyas]
Description of Gati as in Saṅgītamuktāvalī < [Chapter 2 - Concept and technique of Gati]
Analysis of technical terms: Nāṭya, Nṛtta, Nṛtya < [Chapter 1 - Nāṭya]
Malatimadhava (study) (by Jintu Moni Dutta)
Part 1.3c - Raudra Rasa (The Furious Sentiment) < [Chapter 2 - Literary Study of the Mālatīmādhava]
Part 1.3b - Karuṇa Rasa (The pathetic sentiment) < [Chapter 2 - Literary Study of the Mālatīmādhava]
Part 1.3e - Adbhuta Rasa (The Marvelous Sentiment) < [Chapter 2 - Literary Study of the Mālatīmādhava]
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Text 23 < [Chapter 4 - Caturtha-yāma-sādhana (Madhyāhna-kālīya-bhajana–ruci-bhajana)]
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)