Garudapurana, Garuḍapurāṇa, Garuda-Purana: 8 definitions



Garudapurana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Garudapurana in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Garuḍapurāṇa (गरुडपुराण).—One of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas. This is believed to be a narration to Garuḍa by Mahāviṣṇu. There are eight thousand ślokas in it. There is an opinion that only the Tārkṣyakalpa is of Viṣṇu. The theme of the Purāṇa is the birth of Garuḍa from Brahmāṇḍa. If this Purāṇa is given as a gift it should be given along with the image of a swan in gold. (Chapter 272, Agni Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Garuḍapurāṇa (गरुडपुराण).—A mahāpurāṇa comprising 19000 ślokas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 23: 13. 8: Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 6. 23.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Garudapurana in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Garuḍapurāṇa (गरुडपुराण) also deals with the science of prosody in its six chapters 207-212. The chapters comprise 5, 18, 41, 7 and 9 verses respectively. The first chapter (207th) describes general introduction of metrics viz. division of metres, gaṇa, trika, guru, laghu etc. Then description of various types of mātrā metres follows. Sama, ardhasama, viṣama and technique of six pratyayas are dealt in third, fourth, fifth and sixth (209-212) chapters respectively.

The interpretation of Garuḍapurāṇa is known for its simplicity. Herein 35 numbers of mātrā metres, 104 numbers of sama, 9 of ardhasama, 12 of viṣama metres are illustrated. The verses are composed in anuṣṭup metre and the description is in the form of conversation between Sūta and Parīkṣita. The Garuḍapurāṇa gives only the description of the characteristics of metres and skips the example of concerned metres.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (dharma)

Garuḍapurāṇa (गरुडपुराण) should be donated (dāna) on a śivatithi according to the Dharmaśāstra taught in the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the donation of the various Purāṇas to various recipients on different tithis along with the merits thereof are given in the ninth chapter.—[...] Dedicating to Śiva if a person doantes the Garuḍapurāṇa on a śivatithi gets the reward of thousand vājapeya sacrifices.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Garudapurana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Garuḍapurāṇa (गरुडपुराण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[Mackenzie Collection] 38. Paris. (D 293). L. 2525. K. 24. B. 2, 6. 8. 10. Ben. 53. Tu7b. 13. Kāṭm. 2. Rādh. 39. NW. 482. Oudh. Viii, 4. Np. Vi, 34. Viii, 20. Burnell. 188^a. Bhk. 13. H. 33. Oppert. 47. 796. 3610. 4404. 5520. 7924. Ii, 4551. 7279. 7538. 8019. 9714. 10036. Rice. 72. Garuḍapurāṇe Jvaraharastotra. Burnell. 201^b.
—Triveṇīstotra. Burnell. 201^b.
—Pañcaparvamāhātmya. Peters. 1, 116.
—Pretakalpa. Oxf. 84^a (Index). Pheh. 5. Bhr. 546. Bp. 292.
—Pretamañjarī. Oxf. 8^b.
—Praiṣādhyāya. Burnell. 188^a.
—Viṣṇudharmottara. Burnell. 188^a. Taylor. 1, 159. 303. 417.
—Viṣṇustotra. Burnell. 201^a.
—Veṅkaṭagirimāhātmya. Rice. 88.
—Śatāparādhaprāyaścitta. Burnell. 200^b.
—Śrīraṅgamāhātmya. [Mackenzie Collection] 88. Burnell. 188^a. Oppert. 5028.
—Sundarapuramāhātmya. [Mackenzie Collection] 89.

2) Garuḍapurāṇa (गरुडपुराण):—Triveṇīstotra. read Burnell. 201^a.

3) Garuḍapurāṇa (गरुडपुराण):—Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 22. Stein 200. 201. Garuḍapurāṇe Tulādānapaddhati. Stein 201.
—Tripiṇḍīśrāddhavidhi. Stein 90.
—Pretakalpa. Stein 201.
—Brahmakāṇḍa. Stein 201.

4) Garuḍapurāṇa (गरुडपुराण):—Ulwar 783. Garuḍapurāṇe Pretamañjarī. Ulwar 801.

5) Garuḍapurāṇa (गरुडपुराण):—As p. 54 (2 Mss.). Bc 16 (chapters 1-30). 318. Bd. 143 (10 Adhyāyāḥ). 144. Cs 4, 26. 27. 300 (begins in chapter 2, 30). Hz. 787. Io. 1199. 2560. Tod 3.
—Abridged Ak 128. Garuḍapurāṇe Pretakalpa. Io. 1081. 1082. L.. 199. Peters. 6, 145. Garuḍapurāṇe Śrīraṅgamāhātmya. Io. 3194. Sāroddhāra. L.. 200. 201.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Garuḍapurāṇa (गरुडपुराण):—[=garuḍa-purāṇa] [from garuḍa] n. Name of the seventeenth Purāṇa

2) [v.s. ...] cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India pp.288;293;298;301.]

3) Gāruḍapurāṇa (गारुडपुराण):—[=gāruḍa-purāṇa] [from gāruḍa] n. = gar.

[Sanskrit to German]

Garudapurana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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