Capa, Cāpa: 18 definitions


Capa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chapa.

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In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Cāpa (चाप) refers to a weapon (“bow”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Cāpa (चाप) refers to the “staff (of a flag)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun should appear like a pot; he brings on hunger and death; if he should appear broken, the reigning prince dies; if without rays, mankind will be afflicted with fears; if like a gate, then the capital city, if like an umbrella then the country, will perish. If the sun should appear like a flag staff [i.e., dhvaja-cāpa-nibha], or a bow, or quivering or of sharp rays he will bring on wars; if there should appear black lines on his disc the reigning prince will die by the hand of his own minister”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Cāpa (चाप).—Arc. Note: Cāpa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cāpa : (m.) a bow.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cāpa, (m. nt.) (Sk. cāpa, from *qēp tremble, cp. capala wavering, quivering) a bow M. I, 429 (opposed to kodaṇḍa); Dh. 156 (°âtikhīṇa shot from the bow, cp. DhA. III, 132), 320 (Abl. cāpāto metri causa); J. IV, 272; V, 400; Miln. 105 (daḷha°), 352.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

capa (चप).—int ( H) Silent! still! whist!

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capa (चप).—ad ( H) Still, quietly, mutely.

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cāpa (चाप).—n m (S) A bow. 2 m ( H) The lock of a gun. 3 m (cāpaṇēṃ) A screw-press (for compressing bales of cotton &c.) 4 A torturing instrument. Applied to the ear &c. 5 The flap or lobe of the ear. cāpa lāvaṇēṃ To worry or torment.

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cāpā (चापा).—m The lobe or flap of the ear.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

capa (चप).—int Silent! still! whist!

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capa (चप) [-kan-kara-dinī-diśī, -कन्-कर-दिनी-दिशी].—ad In a shake, trice, jiffey.

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cāpa (चाप).—n A bow. m The lock of a gun. A screw-press; a torturing instru- ment. The lobe of the ear. cāpa lāvaṇēṃ To torment.

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cāpā (चापा).—m A flower-tree or its flower. The lobe of the ear.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cāpa (चाप).—[capasya vaṃśabhedasya vikāraḥ aṇ Tv.]

1) A bow; ताते चापद्वितीये वहति रणधुरां को भयस्यावकाशः (tāte cāpadvitīye vahati raṇadhurāṃ ko bhayasyāvakāśaḥ) Ve.3.5; so चापपाणिः (cāpapāṇiḥ) 'with a bow in hand'.

2) The rain-bow.

3) (In geom.) An arc of a circle.

4) The sign of the zodiac called Sagittarius..

Derivable forms: cāpaḥ (चापः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāpa (चाप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. A bow. 2. (In Gemetry,) An are or portion of a circle. 3. Sagittarius, the ninth sign of the Zodiac. E. cap to cast, (arrows,) affix aṇ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāpa (चाप).— (probably from the [Causal.] of ci), m. and n. A bow, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 192.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāpa (चाप).—[masculine] [neuter] bow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Capa (चप):—? See cāpa.

2) Cāpa (चाप):—mn. ([from] capa [gana] tālādi) a bow, [Manu-smṛti vii, 192; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) (in [geometry]) an arc, [Sūryasiddhānta ii f., vi, xi]

4) Sagittarius, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) a rainbow (cf. indraśakra-), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 11, 28]

6) a kind of [astronomy] instrument, [Golādhyāya xi, 2 and 5]

7) a particular constellation (= dhanus), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka xii, 18]

8) a [particular] measure of length, [Daśakumāra-carita]

9) m. Name of a family.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāpa (चाप):—(paḥ) 1. m. A bow; arc.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cāpa (चाप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Cāva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Capa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Cāpa (चाप) [Also spelled chap]:—(nf) are; pressure; a bow; (foot) sound/blow.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Capa (ಚಪ):—[noun] the stem of any of the woody or treelike tropical and semitropical grasses of the genera Bambusa; a bamboo.

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Cāpa (ಚಾಪ):—

1) [noun] a flexible strip of wood or other material, bent by a string stretched between its ends, for shooting arrows; a bow.

2) [noun] a part of the circumference of a circle; an arc.

3) [noun] a bow or arc of prismatic colours appearing in the heavens opposite the sun and caused by the refraction and reflection of the sun’s rays in drops of rain.

4) [noun] the ninth sign of the zodiac; the Sagittarius.

5) [noun] (astrol.) a condition in which the positions of the nine planets are distributed in all the seven houses from the tenth to fourth houses of the zodiac.

6) [noun] (rhet.) a kind of tricky composition.

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Cāpa (ಚಾಪ):—[noun] a kind of animal the skin of which is processed and used in making percussion instruments.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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