Capa, aka: Cāpa; 7 Definition(s)


Capa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chapa.

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Cāpa (चाप) refers to a weapon (“bow”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Cāpa (चाप).—Arc. Note: Cāpa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

cāpa : (m.) a bow.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Cāpa, (m. nt.) (Sk. cāpa, from *qēp tremble, cp. capala wavering, quivering) a bow M. I, 429 (opposed to kodaṇḍa); Dh. 156 (°âtikhīṇa shot from the bow, cp. DhA. III, 132), 320 (Abl. cāpāto metri causa); J. IV, 272; V, 400; Miln. 105 (daḷha°), 352.

—koṭi the end of a bow VvA. 261; nāḷi (f.) a bow-case J. II, 88; —lasuṇa (nt.) a kind of garlic Vin. IV, 259. (Page 264)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

capa (चप).—int ( H) Silent! still! whist!

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capa (चप).—ad ( H) Still, quietly, mutely.

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cāpa (चाप).—n m (S) A bow. 2 m ( H) The lock of a gun. 3 m (cāpaṇēṃ) A screw-press (for compressing bales of cotton &c.) 4 A torturing instrument. Applied to the ear &c. 5 The flap or lobe of the ear. cāpa lāvaṇēṃ To worry or torment.

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cāpā (चापा).—m The lobe or flap of the ear.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

capa (चप).—int Silent! still! whist!

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capa (चप) [-kan-kara-dinī-diśī, -कन्-कर-दिनी-दिशी].—ad In a shake, trice, jiffey.

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cāpa (चाप).—n A bow. m The lock of a gun. A screw-press; a torturing instru- ment. The lobe of the ear. cāpa lāvaṇēṃ To torment.

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cāpā (चापा).—m A flower-tree or its flower. The lobe of the ear.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cāpa (चाप).—[capasya vaṃśabhedasya vikāraḥ aṇ Tv.]

1) A bow; ताते चापद्वितीये वहति रणधुरां को भयस्यावकाशः (tāte cāpadvitīye vahati raṇadhurāṃ ko bhayasyāvakāśaḥ) Ve.3.5; so चापपाणिः (cāpapāṇiḥ) 'with a bow in hand'.

2) The rain-bow.

3) (In geom.) An arc of a circle.

4) The sign of the zodiac called Sagittarius..

Derivable forms: cāpaḥ (चापः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 50 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Indracāpa (इन्द्रचाप).—n. 1) a rainbow; विद्युत्वन्तं ललितवनिताः सेन्द्रचापं सचित्राः (vidyutva...
Skandhacāpa (स्कन्धचाप).—m. (-paḥ) A sort of yoke for carrying burdens by a sling attached to e...
Sthūlacāpa (स्थूलचाप).—m. (-paḥ) A large bow-like instrument used in cleaning cotton E. sthūla ...
Cāpaśara (चापशर, “bow and arrow”).—Concentration and focussing of the mind upon the go...
Haricāpa (हरिचाप).—a rainbow. Derivable forms: haricāpaḥ (हरिचापः), haricāpam (हरिचापम्).Haricā...
Puṣpacāpa (पुष्पचाप).—the god of love. Derivable forms: puṣpacāpaḥ (पुष्पचापः).Puṣpacāpa is a S...
Vāsavacāpa (वासवचाप).—a rainbow. Derivable forms: vāsavacāpaḥ (वासवचापः).Vāsavacāpa is a Sanskr...
Bāhucāpa (बाहुचाप).—the distance measured by the extended arms. Derivable forms: bāhucāpaḥ (बाह...
Māghavatacāpa (माघवतचाप).—the rainbow; (dhatte) मेघस्य माघवत- चापधरस्य लक्ष्मीम् (meghasya māgh...
Cāpakṣetra (चापक्षेत्र).—Segment. Note: Cāpa-kṣetra is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancien...
Ākhaṇḍalacāpa (आखण्डलचाप).—n. The rainbow. Derivable forms: ākhaṇḍalacāpaḥ (आखण्डलचापः).Ākhaṇḍa...
Capa -Kana -Kara -Dini -Dishi
capa -kana -kara -dinī -diśī (चप -कन -कर -दिनी -दिशी).—ad (Imit.) In a shake, trice, jiffey; qu...
Kusumacāpa (कुसुमचाप).—m. epithets of the god of love; कुसुमचापमतेजयदंशुभिः (kusumacāpamatejaya...
Capa Theri
A trappers daughter in Vankahara who became the wife of the Ajivaka Upaka and bore him a son,...
Capala (चपल).—mfn. (-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Trembling, tremulous, shaking. 2. Wavering, unsteady. 3. In...

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