Vritta, aka: Vṛtta, Vṛttā; 12 Definition(s)


Vritta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vṛtta and Vṛttā can be transliterated into English as Vrtta or Vritta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


Vritta in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vṛtta (वृत्त).—A nāga (serpent) born to Prajāpati Kaśyapa by his wife Kadrū. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 35, Stanza 10).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Vṛtta (वृत्त).—A son of Śiṣṭa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 39.

2) Vṛttā (वृत्ता).—A daughter of Ṛṣā; mother of Tortoise, śankha, etc.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 414-17; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 291-92.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Vṛtta (वृत्त) refers to “syllabic metres” composed of four quarter-verses, or pādas (‘foots’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. While the vṛtta defines the specific pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables used in a pāda, the amount of actual syllables it contains is known as a “rhythm-type” (chandas), of which there are twenty-six.

2) Vṛtta (वृत्त) refers to one of the three limbs of vastu (‘thing’) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31. Accordingly, “the vivadha and the ekaka are generally used in the madraka song, in each half vastu of the prakarī, and in each quarter of the rovindaka. But in the rovindaka, uttara, ullopyaka, pāṇikā, bahirgītas and lāsya, the vṛtta is used”.

3) Vṛtta (वृत्त) refers to one of the three limbs (aṅga) belonging to all types of dhruvā (“song”) defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32.9-16. Accordingly, “the vṛtta class of limbs will apply to the superior characters, and the vivadha to the middling ones, and the ekaka to the inferior characters”.

4) Vṛtta (वृत्त) is the name of a meter belonging to the Paṅkti class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of ten syllables the first, the fourth, the sixth, the seventh and the last long, is vṛtta”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vṛtta (वृत्त).—The metres regulated by akṣaras are called vṛttas and those regulated by mātrās are called jātis. A vṛtta is divided into three classes viz. samavṛtta, ardhasamavṛtta, and viṣamavṛtta. Again, yati or pause or caesura is a part of a verse, at which the reader is required to stop his breath and then proceed on.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Vṛtta (वृत्त).—Arrived at or accomplished,as a result of वृत्ति (vṛtti) which means a further grammatical formation from a noun or a verb; resultant from a vṛtti; cf. यावता कामचारो वृत्तस्य ये लिङ्गसंख्ये ते अतिदेक्ष्येते, न पुनः, प्राग्वृत्तेर्ये (yāvatā kāmacāro vṛttasya ye liṅgasaṃkhye te atidekṣyete, na punaḥ, prāgvṛtterye) M Bh. on P.I.2.51; cf also युक्तं पुनर्यद् वृत्तनिमित्तको नाम अनुबन्धः स्यात् (yuktaṃ punaryad vṛttanimittako nāma anubandhaḥ syāt);

2) Vṛtta.—Employment, the same as प्रयोग (prayoga), cf. वृत्ताद्वा । वृत्तं प्रयेगः । (vṛttādvā | vṛttaṃ prayegaḥ |) Pradīpa on P. I. 3.9;

3) Vṛtta.—Behaviour, treatment cf. नकारस्योष्मवद् वृत्तं (nakārasyoṣmavad vṛttaṃ) R. Pr. X.13;

4) Vṛtta.—Manner of Veda writing, metrical form, metre; cf. तद् वृत्तं प्राहुश्छन्दसाम् (tad vṛttaṃ prāhuśchandasām) R. Pr. XVII.22.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

1) Vṛtta (वृत्त) is the name of a metre (chandas), which has 20 letters in each of its pāda. This metre is a combination of guru and laghu letters. Piṅgala does not give any gaṇa-rule to denote this metre, but says long and short varṇas are arranged alternately in this metre (Chandaśśāstra 7.24). Halāyudha also gives example for this metre.

2) Vṛttā (वृत्ता) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the vṛttā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Vṛtta (वृत्त).—1. Circle of its circumference. 2. Epicycle. Note: Vṛtta is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Vṛtta is a Sanskrit term, which can (among others) mean “conduct”, “procedure”, “mode of life”, “behaviour” or “appearance”

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vṛtta (वृत्त).—n (S) Conduct, practice, course, customary procedure. 2 Profession, occupation, practice pursued as a means of subsistence. 3 News, tidings, accounts, intelligence. 4 A measure of verse,--a measure consisting of any number of letters to a caraṇa above ten. 5 A circle.

--- OR ---

vṛtta (वृत्त).—a S Circular.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vṛtta (वृत्त).—n Conduct. Profession. News. A circle. A measure of verse.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 326 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Samavṛtta (समवृत्त).—(also known as sama-maṇḍala) The prime vertical. Note: Sama-vṛtta is a San...
Sadvṛtta (सद्वृत्त) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.14, XIV.8) and represent...
Akṣavṛtta (अक्षवृत्त).—a. [akṣe vṛttaḥ vyāpṛtaḥ sa. ta.] engaged in, addicted to, gambling; wha...
Koṇavṛtta (कोणवृत्त).—(or koṇamaṇḍala) Intermediary vertical circle. Note: Koṇa-vṛtta is a Sans...
Nīcoccavṛtta (नीचोच्चवृत्त).—Epicycle. Note: Nīcocca-vṛtta is a Sanskrit technical term used in...
Yāmyottaravṛtta (याम्योत्तरवृत्त).—(or yāmyottaraa or yāmyottaramaṇḍala) The local meridian. No...
Mātrāvṛtta (मात्रावृत्त).—a metre regulated by the number of prosodial instants it contains, e....
Durvṛtta (दुर्वृत्त).—a. 1) vile, wicked, ill-behaved. 2) roguish. -ttam misconduct, ill-behavi...
Ayanavṛtta (अयनवृत्त).—the ecliptic.Derivable forms: ayanavṛttam (अयनवृत्तम्).Ayanavṛtta is a S...
Yathāvṛtta (यथावृत्त).—a. as happened, done or acted. (-ttam) 1 the actual facts, the circumsta...
Viṣamavṛtta (विषमवृत्त).—a kind of metre with unequal Pādas. Derivable forms: viṣamavṛttam (विष...
Vṛttapariṇāha (वृत्तपरिणाह).—Circumference of a circle. Note: Vṛtta-pariṇāha is a Sanskrit tech...
Vṛttabandha (वृत्तबन्ध) is the name of a text dealing with Sanskrit prosody (chandas) for which...
Viṣuvadvṛtta (विषुवद्वृत्त).—(or viṣuvat) Celestial Equator. Note: Viṣuvat-vṛtta is a Sanskrit ...
Krāntivṛtta (क्रान्तिवृत्त).—the ecliptic. Derivable forms: krāntivṛttam (क्रान्तिवृत्तम्).Krān...

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