Anuradha, Anurādhā, Anurādha, Anūrādha: 21 definitions
Anuradha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
Anurādhā (अनुराधा):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Anurādhānakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Anurādhā means “following rādhā” and is associated with the deity known as Mitra (God of devotion/ friendship). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Śani (Saturn).
Indian zodiac: |3°20'| – |16°40' Vṛścika|
Vṛścika (वृश्चिक, “scorpion”) corresponds with Scorpio.
Western zodiac: |29°20' Scorpio| – |12°40' Sagittarius|
Scorpio corresponds with Vṛścika (वृश्चिक, “scorpion”) and Sagittarius corresponds with Dhanuṣa (धनुष, “bow”).
Anurādhā (अनुराधा) refers to the 17th constellation, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the moon should pass to the south of Jyeṣṭha (the 18th constellation), Mūla (the 19th constellation) and the two Āṣāḍhas (20th and 21st constellations) she destroys seeds, creatures in water and forests; and there will also be fear from fire. If the moon should pass to the south of Viśākhā (the 16th constellation) and Anurādhā (the 17th constellation) she will bring on evil. If she should pass through the middle of Maghā (the 10th constellation) or of Viśākhā (the 16th constellation) she will bring on prosperity”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Anurādhā (अनुराधा).—A nakṣatra.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 50; 82. 9.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Anurādhā (अनुराधा) refers to the seventeenth of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (e.g., anurādhā) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Anurādhā (अनुराधा, ‘propitious’) is β, δ, and π (perhaps also ρ) Scorpionis.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
1. Anuradha - An Elder. Once when he was staying in a forest hut in the Mahavana in Vesali, near to where the Buddha was, certain wandering ascetics came to him and asked him whether or not a Tathagata exists after death; dissatisfied with his answer they called him fool and went away. Thereupon Anuradha sought advice from the Buddha, who asked him How, inasmuch as it cannot be said of a Tathagata even in this very life that he really exists, can anything be said regarding him after death?
S.iii.116-19; the same story is repeated, with slight expansions, in S.iv.380-6.
2. Anuradha - One of those that accompanied Vijaya to Ceylon. He later became one of his ministers and founded Anuradhagama. Mhv.vii.43.
3. Anuradha - A Sakiya prince, brother of Bhaddakaccana; a great uncle of Pandukabhaya. He founded a settlement at Anuradhagama and constructed a tank, to the south of which he erected a house for himself. Later he handed this over to Pandukabhaya. Mhv.vii.43-4.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Anurādhā (अनुराधा) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Anurādhā is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Fang, Tibetan Lha-mtshams and modern Scorpionis.
Anurādhā is classified in the fourth group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the nine following constellations (e.g., Anurādhā), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse and this trembling extends as far as Devendra. Then peace (yogakṣema) is plentiful, rain favors the growth of the five grains, the emperor is kind (śiva), the great ministers are virtuous and everyone is peaceful”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
1) Anurādha (अनुराध) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Anurādha).
2) Anurādhā (अनुराधा) refers to one of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
Anurādhā (अनुराधा) refers to the seventeenth of the 28 nakṣatras (“constellations”) of the zodiac, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—The nakṣatras are described collectively in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī. In this maṇḍala the nakṣatras are given one face and two arms, which are clasped against the chest in the añjalimudrā:—“the deities [viz., Anurādhā] are decked in bejewelled jackets and they all show the añjali-mudrā”.—In colour, however, they differ. [viz., Anurādhā is given the colour green].
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Anurādhā (अनुराधा) is the wife of Candrodara (king of Pātālalaṅkā), according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, “Just then a Khecara, Khara, the son of Meghaprabha, saw Candraṇakhā and kidnaped her, having fallen in love with her and she with him. He went to Pātālalaṅkā, expelled King Candrodara, the son of Ādityarajas, and took it himself. [...] Candrodara, who had been expelled by Khara at that time, died in course of time. His wife, Anurādhā, who was with child, escaped into a forest. In the forest she bore a son, like a lioness bearing a lion, powerful, named Virādha, the vessel of virtues, prudent conduct, et cetera. Grown up, a traveler across the ocean of all the arts, he wandered over the earth with unstumbling progress, long-armed. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
anurādhā (अनुराधा).—f pl S The 17th Nakshatra or lunar mansion.
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anūrādhā (अनूराधा).—f pl S The seventeenth Nakshatra or lunar mansion.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
anurādhā (अनुराधा).—f The 17th nakṣatra or lunar mansion.
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anūrādhā (अनूराधा).—f The 17th nakṣatra or lunar mansion.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Causing welfare; also written as अनूराध (anūrādha); इन्द्रं वयमनूराधं हवामहे (indraṃ vayamanūrādhaṃ havāmahe) Av.
2) Born under the asterism अनुराधा (anurādhā) P.IV.3.34.
-dhaḥ Name of a Buddhist.
-dhā [anugatā rādhāṃ viśākhām |] Name of the 17th of the 27 lunar mansions or asterisms (so called because it follows rādhā or viśākhā). It consists of four stars.
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Anūrādha (अनूराध).—= अनुयाज, अनुराध (anuyāja, anurādha).
See also (synonyms): anūyāja.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-dhā) The seventeenth Nakshatra or lunar mansion, designated by a row of oblation; (stars in Libra.) E. anu, and rādha to accomplish, an affix, and ṭāp for the fem.; an auspicious sign for any thing to be undertaken in.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Anurādha (अनुराध):—[=anu-rādha] [from anu-rādh] mfn. See anūrādha
2) [v.s. ...] born under the asterism Anurādhā, [Pāṇini 4-3, 34]
3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Buddhist
4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] the seventeenth of the twenty-eight Nakṣatras or lunar mansions (a constellation described as a line of oblations).
5) Anurādhā (अनुराधा):—[=anu-rādhā] [from anu-rādha > anu-rādh] ([Atharva-veda] etc.) f. the seventeenth of the twenty-eight Nakṣatras or lunar mansions (a constellation described as a line of oblations).
6) Anūrādha (अनूराध):—[=anū-rādha] mfn. causing welfare, happiness, [Atharva-veda]
7) [v.s. ...] mf. [plural] = -anu-rādhās q.v., [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Kāṭhaka]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Anurādha (अनुराध):—I. [tatpurusha compound] 1. Compare anūrādha. E. rādh with anu, kṛt aff. ac. 2. f.
(-dhā) The seventeenth Nakshatra (q. v.) or lunar mansion, described as a row of oblations; it consists of four, or according to a different reading, of three stars; its chief and middlemost star is placed by the authorities in 3º or 2º or 1º 45'S. and in 224º or 224º 5'E., and must intend the star near the head of the Scorpion ( Scorpionis) and the asterism probably comprises and Scorpionis. Also written anūrādhā. See rādhānurādhā and viśākhānurādhā. E. anu and rādhā, the name of the sixteenth Nakshatra. Ii. 1. m. f. n.
(-dhaḥ-dhā-dham) Born under the constellation Anurādhā. 2. m.
(-dhaḥ) A proper name, the son of Pāṇḍu-Śākya and founder of the village or town Anurādha (see anurādhagrāma and anurādhapura), the ancient capital of Ceylon. E. anurādhā with luk of the taddh. aff. aṇ.
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Anūrādha (अनूराध):—[tatpurusha compound] I. m.
(-dhaḥ) (ved.) Propitious, favourable; an epithet of Indra. Compare anurādha. E. rādh with anū instead of anu, kṛt aff. ac. Ii. f.
(-dhā) The same as anurādhā q. v.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Anurādhā (अनुराधा):—[anu-rādhā] (dhā) 1. f. The 17th lunar mansion, stars in Libra.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Anurādhā (अनुराधा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇurāhā.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Anūrādha (ಅನೂರಾಧ):—[noun] = ಅನೂರಾಧೆ [anuradhe].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+151): Anuradhapura, Anuradhagrama, Mitrabha, Radhanuradhiya, Jaradgavavithi, Sapaushnamaitra, Maitranakshatra, Anuyaja, Maitra, Mriduvarga, Mrityuyoga, Nakshatra, Anuradhagama, Mahanakshatra, Maitrabha, Anuraha, Anuradhanakshatra, Mridugana, Hausha, Maitri.
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