Casha, Cāṣa, Cāsa: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Casha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Cāṣa can be transliterated into English as Casa or Casha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chasha.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Cāṣa (चाष) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “blue jay”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Cāṣa is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Cāṣa (चाष) or Chāṣa (छाष)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “jay”. This animal is from the group called Prasaha (‘carnivorous birds’). Prasaha itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Cāṣa (चाष) refers to the Roller or Blue jay (Coracias benghalensis), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Cāṣa (चाष) refers to the bird “Blue jay” (Coracias benghalensis).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Cāṣa] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cāṣa (चाष).—m (S) pop. cāśa or cāsa m (Pronounced Chas.) The blue Jay, Coracias Indica. 2 Set down by some authorities as the synonyme of khañjana or khañjarīṭa Wagtail.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cāṣa (चाष) [-śa-sa, -श-स].—m The blue Jay.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cāṣa (चाष).—[caṣ bhakṣaṇe svārthe ṇic-ac]

1) The blue jay; Māl.6.5; Y.1.175.

2) Sugar-cane. 1.1; केयूरमण्ड- लीनां प्रभासंतानेन क्वचिद्विकीर्यमाणचाषः (keyūramaṇḍa- līnāṃ prabhāsaṃtānena kvacidvikīryamāṇacāṣaḥ) K.

Derivable forms: cāṣaḥ (चाषः).

See also (synonyms): cāsa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāṣa (चाष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) 1. The blue jay, (Coracias Indica.) 2. A kingfisher, (according to some.) E. caṣ to injure, (fish. &c.) affix; svārthe ṇic ac also cāsa.

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Cāsa (चास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. The blue jay. 2. Sugar cane: see the preceding. caṣ hiṃsāyāṃ ṇic ac pṛṣo0 cāṣakhage, ikṣubhede ca .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāṣa (चाष).—m. The blue jay, Coracias indica, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 131.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāṣa (चाष).—[masculine] the blue jay.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cāṣa (चाष):—m. the blue jay, [Ṛg-veda x, 97, 13; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Manu-smṛti xi, 132; Yājñavalkya i, 175; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) sugar-cane, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) mfn. relating to a blue jay, [Pāṇini 4-3, 156], [vArttika] 4, [Patañjali]

4) Cāsa (चास):—[from cāṣa] wrong spelling for cāṣa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cāṣa (चाष):—(ṣaḥ) 1. m. Blue jay; kingfisher.

2) Cāsa (चास):—(saḥ) 1. m. Idem. Sugar-cane.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cāṣa (चाष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Cāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Casha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Casa (चस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Caṣ.

2) Cāsa (चास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Cāṣa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cāṣa (ಚಾಷ):—[noun] any of several birds of the family Coraciidae that tumble or roll over in flight as Coracias indica, Boracus Indica the flight of which is consulted as an omen or Coracias benghalensis, etc.; the Indian roller.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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