Hapusha, Hapuṣā: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Hapusha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hapuṣā can be transliterated into English as Hapusa or Hapusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Hapuṣā (हपुषा):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Hapuṣā (हपुषा) is the Sanskrit name for an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.113-115 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Note: Its identification is done by Yādav jī, Chuṇekar, Ṭhākur B.S. as Juniperus communis Linn (“common juniper” from the Cupressaceae family) while Ṭhākur B.S. also suggests Juniperus macropoda Boiss. (also called Juniperus excelsa polycarpos, or “the Pashtun juniper”).

Hapuṣā is mentioned as having eleven synonyms: Vipuṣā, Visrā, Visragandhā and Vigandhikā. (Synonyms of the smaller variety of Hapuṣā:) Svalpaphalā, Kṛcchraghnī (or Kacchughnī), Dhvāṅkṣanāśinī, Plīhaśatru, Viṣaghnī, Kaphaghnī and Aparājitā.

Properties and characteristics: “Hapuṣā is pungent, bitter, hot and heavy. It quells the vitiated kapha and phlegmatic secretions (balāsa) and is indicated in leucorrhoea [leukorrhea], abdominal diseases, constipation, colic, piles and gulma (false abdominal lumps due to wind)”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hapuṣā (हपुषा).—Name of a medicinal substance; Uṇ.4.78.

See also (synonyms): havuṣā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hapuṣā (हपुषा):—or habuṣā f. Name of a [particular] substance forming an article of trade (commonly called Habush, and said to be of a long form and black colour, and smelling like raw meat or fish; it is of two kinds), [Caraka; Suśruta etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Hapusha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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