Apasmara, aka: Apasmāra; 13 Definition(s)
Apasmara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Apasmāra (अपस्मार) refers to “epilepsy”. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā. Eighteen types of epilepsy are listed in the Ārogyakalpadruma. Treatment of epilepsy involves normalizing and stabilizing the movements of vāta, by applying ghṛta (‘medicated ghee’) to the joints.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Apasmāra (अपस्मार) refers to “epilepsy” (seizure disorder). Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Apasmāra (अपस्मार, “epilepsy”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Apasmāra (अपस्मार, “epilepsy”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as being possessed by a god, a Nāga, a Yakṣa, a Rākṣa, a Piśāca and the like, and a memory of such beings, eating food left after somebody’s partaking of it, staying in a deserted house, non-observation of proper interval of time [in taking food, in sleeping etc.], derangement of humours (dhātu) and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as throbbing, trembling, running, falling down, perspiration, foaming in the mouth, hiccup, licking [the lips] with the tongue, and the like.Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Apasmāra (अपस्मार).—A group of evil spirits.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 6. 28.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Apasmāra (अपस्मार) is part of the Naṭarāja sculpture found at the temple of Lokeśvara.—Apasmāra is clad with a dhotī with kacce clearly traceable. His face is to the left of Śiva, lifted up, and he has a small horn. He has one necklace. He holds something in his hand, which may be a broom (?). As per the description of Apasmāra in Kālikākhaṇḍa of Skandapurāṇa, he should be black in color, have three heads and three eyes, six protruding canine teeth, three legs and six hands. Except the protruding canine teeth no other feature can be traced in any of the images of Apasmārapuruṣa either in sculptures or in paintings. But almost all modern scholars opine that the person trodden by Śiva is Apasmārapuruṣa. While waiting for new information we follow the interpretation of the galaxy of scholars.Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Languages of India and abroad
apasmāra : (m.) epilepsy.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Apasmāra, (Sk. apasmāra, lit. want of memory, apa + smṛ) epilepsy, convulsion, fit J.IV, 84. Cp. apamāra. (Page 53)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
apasmāra (अपस्मार).—m (S) Epilepsy. 2 fig. Applied to any refractory and troublesome person; a plague, pest &c.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
apasmāra (अपस्मार).—m Epilepsy. Fig. Any refractory and troublesome person, a plague.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Apasmāra (अपस्मार).—f. [apasmārayati smaraṇaṃ vilopayati, smṛ-ṇic, kartari ac, or apagataḥ smāraḥ smaraṇaṃ yataḥ]
1) Forgetfulness, loss of memory; स्मर ° (smara °) Bh.1.89.
2) Epilepsy, falling sickness; Suśr. thus derives it; स्मृतिर्भूतार्थविज्ञान- मपश्च परिवर्जने । अपस्मार इति प्रोक्तस्ततोऽयं व्याधिरन्तकृत् (smṛtirbhūtārthavijñāna- mapaśca parivarjane | apasmāra iti proktastato'yaṃ vyādhirantakṛt) ||
Derivable forms: apasmāraḥ (अपस्मारः).
See also (synonyms): apasmṛti.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Apasmāra (अपस्मार).—m., also °rī, f. (Sanskrit and Pali °ra, also Pali apamāra, epilepsy, see below), a sort of demon or supernatural evil being: Laṅk 261.10 °raḥ and °rī; Mvy 4762 °raḥ = Tibetan brjed byed, epilepsy; Māy 219.10 etc., °rā(ḥ).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 10 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Apasmārapuruṣa (अपस्मारपुरुष) refers to epilepsy, loss of memory personified.—Apasmārapuruṣa, a...
Ghṛta (घृत).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Sprinkled. 2. Illumined. n. (-taṃ) 1. Ghee, clarified butter...
Vyabhicārin (व्यभिचारिन्).—mfn. (-rī-riṇī-ri) 1. Following or doing improper. 2. Going astray, ...
Vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव, “variants”) or Saṃcāribhāva refers to the “accessories of perman...
Apamāra, (Sk. apasmāra) epilepsy Vin.I, 93. Cp. apasmāra. (Page 52)
Smṛtibhraṃśa (स्मृतिभ्रंश).—m. (-śaḥ) Loss of momory.
Aṅgavikṛti (अङ्गविकृति).—m. (tiḥ) Syncope, apoplexy. E. aṅga, and vikṛti, change of condition.
Apasmṛti (अपस्मृति).—f. [apasmārayati smaraṇaṃ vilopayati, smṛ-ṇic, kartari ac, or apagataḥ smā...
Bhujaṅgatrāsa (भुजङ्गत्रास).—One of the forms, which is very common in Tamilnadu, is Bhujaṅgatr...
Gajahasta (गजहस्त) or simply Gaja refers to “elephant trunk” and represents one of the four Eli...
Search found 14 books and stories containing Apasmara or Apasmāra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter LXI - Symptoms and Treatment of Epilepsy (Apasmara) < [Canto IV - Bhuta-vidya-tantra (psychology and psychiatry)]
Chapter LXII - Symptoms and Treatment of Insanity (Unmada) < [Canto IV - Bhuta-vidya-tantra (psychology and psychiatry)]
Chapter I - Diseases of the eye and its appendages < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.4.49 < [Part 4 - Parenthood (vātsalya-rasa)]
Verse 2.4.89 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 4.6.11 < [Part 5 - Dread (bhayānaka-rasa)]
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Bronze, group 2: Age of Aditya I (a.d. 871-907) < [Chapter XI - Sculpture]
Bronze, group 3: Age of Parantaka I (a.d. 907 - 950) < [Chapter XI - Sculpture]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)