Apas, aka: Āpas, Apās; 5 Definition(s)


Apas means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Āpas (आपस्, “waters”) refers to one of the dravyapañcaka (fivefold substances), defined in the Taittirīya-āraṇyaka 7.7.1. The dravyapañcaka, and other such fivefold divisions, are associated with the elemental aspect (adhibhūta) of the three-fold division of reality (adhibhūta, adhidaiva and adhyātma) which attempts to explain the phenomenal nature of the universe. Adhibhūta denotes all that belongs to the material or elemental creation.

The Taittirīya-āraṇyaka is associated with the Kṛṣṇa-yajurveda and dates from at least the 6th century BCE. It is composed of 10 chapters and discusses vedic rituals and sacrifices (such as the mahāyajña) but also includes the Taittirīya-upaniṣad and the Mahānārāyaṇa-upaniṣad.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āraṇyaka

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Āpas (आपस्, “fluid”) refers to one of the “eleven tangibles” (spraṣṭavya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 38). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., āpas). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Āpas (“water ”) also refers to one of the “five great elements” (mahābhūta) as well as one of the “six elements” (ṣaḍdhātu), defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 39 and 58 respectively).

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Āpas (आपस्, “water”), Ap or Jala refers to one of the five types of immobile beings (sthāvara), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.13. The sthāvara is a type of empirical (saṃsārī) soul, or sentient (jīva). The state of empirical souls due to the rise of ‘stationery-body-making karma’/ sthāvara-nāmakarma, having only one type of sense organ namely body and which cannot move around freely are called with stationery bodies (sthāvara), eg., āpas.

What is the meaning of water (āpas)? The crust of the water having coolness as its own nature but no consciousness is called water. What is the meaning of water-bodied living beings? The living being which has water as its body is called water bodied living being. How many types of water are there? There are four types of water namely water, water-bodied, life in water body and life tending towards a water body.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apas (अपस्).—n. [āp asun hrasvaśca; āpaḥ karmākhyāyāṃ hrasvo nuṭ ca vā syāt Uṇ.4.27. apnaḥ, apaḥ]

1) Work, action; अपसा सन्तु नेमे (apasā santu neme) Rv.1.54.8.

2) Sacred act or rite, sacrificial work.

3) Water. -a. (apāḥ)

1) Active, engaged in any act (karmayukta).

2) Got or obtained. According to B. and R. अपसः (apasaḥ) f. pl. stands in the Veda for (1) the hands and fingers busy in kindling the sacred fire and performing the sacrificial rites; (2) the three goddesses of sacred speech or the three divinities, fire, wind and sun; and (3) the active or running waters. [cf. L. opus.]

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Apās (अपास्).—[ap-as] 4 P.

1) (a) To throw or fling away, cast away or off, leave, keep or put aside, reject, discard (opinion also); सारं ततो ग्राह्यमपास्य फल्गु (sāraṃ tato grāhyamapāsya phalgu) Pt.1.5; किमित्यपांस्याभरणानि यौवने धृतं त्वया वार्धकशोभि वल्कलम् (kimityapāṃsyābharaṇāni yauvane dhṛtaṃ tvayā vārdhakaśobhi valkalam) Ku.5.44; निरस्तगाम्भीर्यमपास्तपुष्पकम् (nirastagāmbhīryamapāstapuṣpakam) Śi.1.55; इत्यादीनामपि काव्यलक्षणत्वम- पास्तम् (ityādīnāmapi kāvyalakṣaṇatvama- pāstam) S. D. rejected, discarded. (b) To leave, abandon, desert, quit, retire or withdraw from; यदि समरमपास्य नास्ति मृत्योर्भयम् (yadi samaramapāsya nāsti mṛtyorbhayam) Ve.3.5.

2) To scare, disperse, drive away; अपास्य चास्य यन्तारम् (apāsya cāsya yantāram) Mb.

3) To leave behind, leave in a deserted condition; to disregard, take no notice of, condemn.

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Āpas (आपस्).—n. [āp-asun]

1) Water; आपोभिर्मार्जनं कृत्वा (āpobhirmārjanaṃ kṛtvā).

2) Sin.

3) A religious ceremony.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apas (अपस्).—n.

(-paḥ) Sacrificing. E. āpa to obtain, amun Unadi aff.; the radical vowel made short.

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Āpas (आपस्).—n.

(-paḥ) 1. Water. 2. Sin. E. āpa to obtain, asun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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