Apara, aka: Apāra, Aparā; 7 Definition(s)


Apara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Aparā (अपरा).—One of the thirteen wives of Vāsudeva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 160.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Aparā (अपरा) refers to the thirteenth of twenty-six ekādaśīs according to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9. Accordingly, “to attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs (eg., Aparā) attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā
Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Apara in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

apara : (adj.) 1. another; other; 2. western. || apāra (adj.), limitless; without a further shore. (nt.), the near bank.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Apara, (adj.) (Vedic apara, der. fr. apa with compar. suffix —ra = Idg. *aporos “further away, second”; cp. Gr. a)pwtέrw farther, Lat. aprilis the second month (after March, i. e. April). Goth. afar = after) another, i. e. additional, following, next, second (with pron. inflexion, i. e. Nom. pl. apare) D.III, 190 (°pajā another, i. e. future generation); Sn.791, 1089 (n’); J.I, 59 (aparaṃ divasaṃ on some day following); III, 51 (apare tayo sahāyā “other friends three”, i. e. three friends, cp. similarly Fr. nous autres Franc˚ais); IV, 3 (dīpa); PvA.81 (°divase on another day), 226; with other part. like aparo pi D III 128. — nt. aparaṃ what follows i. e. future state, consequence; future Vin.I, 35 (nâparaṃ nothing more); Sn.1092 (much the same as punabbhava, cp. Nd2 61). Cases adverbially; aparaṃ (Acc.) further, besides, also J.I, 256; III, 278; often with other part. like athâparaṃ & further, moreover Sn.974; and puna caparaṃ It.100; Miln.418 (so read for puna ca paraṃ) and passim; aparam pi Vism.9. — aparena in future D.III, 201. — Repeated (reduplicative formation) aparâparaṃ (local) to & fro J.I, 265, 278; PvA.198; (temporal) again and again, off & on J.II, 377; Miln.132 VvA.271; PvA.176 (= punappunaṃ).

—anta (aparanta) = aparaṃ, with anta in same function as in cpds. vananta (see anta1 5): (a.) further away, westward J v.471; Miln.292 (janapada). (b.) future D.I, 30 (°kappika, cp. DA.I, 118); M.II, 228 (°ânudiṭṭhi — thought of the future); S.III, 46 (id.). —âpariya (fr. aparâpara) ever-following, successive, continuous, everlasting; used with ref. to kamma J.V, 106; Miln.108. —bhāga the future, lit. a later part of time, only in Loc. aparabhāge at a future date, later on J.I, 34, 262; IV, 1; VvA.66. (Page 52)

— or —

Apāra, (nt.) (a + pāra) 1. the near bank of a river J.III, 230 (+ atiṇṇaṃ, C. paratīraṃ atiṇṇaṃ). — 2. (fig.) not the further shore (of life), the world here, i.e. (opp. pāraṃ = Nibbāna) Sn.1129, 1130; Nd2 62; Dh.385 (expld. as bāhirāni cha āyatanāni DhA.IV, 141). See pāra & cp. avara. (Page 54)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

apara (अपर).—a (S) Other. 2 In comp. Farther, latter, the one beyond or after: as aparārdha The other or farther half; apararātra The end of the night; aparāṇha The afternoon; pūrvāpara The first and the latter part.

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apāra (अपार).—a (S) Endless or boundless. 2 fig. Exceedingly much, many, great &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apara (अपर).—a Other. Farther, latter.

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apāra (अपार).—a Boundless, unlimited. Inexhaustible, immense.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apara (अपर).—a. (treated as a pronoun in some senses)

1) Having nothing higher or superior, unrivalled. matchless; without rival or second (nāsti paro yasmāt); स्त्रीरत्नसृष्टिर- परा प्रतिभाति सा मे (strīratnasṛṣṭira- parā pratibhāti sā me) Ś.2.1; cf. अनुत्तम, अनुत्तर (anuttama, anuttara).

2) [na pṛṇāti saṃtoṣayati pṛ ac] (a) Another, other (used as adj. or subst.). वासांसि जीर्णानि यथा विहाय नवानि गृह्णाति नरोऽपराणि (vāsāṃsi jīrṇāni yathā vihāya navāni gṛhṇāti naro'parāṇi) Bg.2.22. (b) More, additional; कृतदारोऽपरान् दारान् (kṛtadāro'parān dārān) Ms.11.5. (c) Second, another Pt.4.37; स्वं केशवोऽपर इवाक्रमितुं प्रवृत्तः (svaṃ keśavo'para ivākramituṃ pravṛttaḥ) Mk.5.2 like another (rival) Keśava. (d) Different; other; अन्ये कृतयुगे धर्मास्त्रेतायां द्वापरेऽपरे (anye kṛtayuge dharmāstretāyāṃ dvāpare'pare) Ms. 1.85; Ks.26.235; Pt.4.6 (with gen.). (e) Ordinary, of the middle sort (madhyama); परितप्तोऽप्यपरः सुसंवृतिः (paritapto'pyaparaḥ susaṃvṛtiḥ) Śi. 16.23.

3) Belonging to another, not one's own (opp. sva); यदि स्वाश्चापराश्चैव विन्देरन् योषितो द्विजाः (yadi svāścāparāścaiva vinderan yoṣito dvijāḥ) Ms.9.85 of another caste.

4) Hinder, posterior, latter, later, (in time space) (opp. pūrva); the last; पूर्वां सन्ध्यां जपंस्तिष्ठेत्स्वकाले चापरां चिरम् (pūrvāṃ sandhyāṃ japaṃstiṣṭhetsvakāle cāparāṃ ciram) Ms.4.93; रात्रेरपरः कालः (rātreraparaḥ kālaḥ) Nir.; oft. used as first member of a genitive Tatpuruṣa comp. meaning 'the hind part,' 'latter part or half'; °पक्षः (pakṣaḥ) the latter half of a month; °हेमन्तः (hemantaḥ) latter half of a winter; °कायः (kāyaḥ) hind part of the body &c.; °वर्षा, °शरद् (varṣā, °śarad) latter part of the rains, autumn &c.

5) Following, the next.

6) Western; पयसि प्रतित्सुरपराम्बुनिधेः (payasi pratitsuraparāmbunidheḥ) Śi.9.1. पूर्वापरौ तोयनिधी वगाह्य (pūrvāparau toyanidhī vagāhya) Ku. 1.1; Mu.4.21

7) Inferior, lower (nikṛṣṭaḥ); अपरेयमि- तस्त्वन्यां प्रकृतिं विद्धि मे पराम् (apareyami- tastvanyāṃ prakṛtiṃ viddhi me parām) Bg.7.5.

8) (In Nyāya) Non-extensive, not covering too much, one of the two kinds of सामान्य (sāmānya), see Bhāṣā P.8. (paraṃ = adhikavṛtti higher aparam = nyūnavṛtti lower or adhikadeśavṛttitvaṃ paraṃ, alpadeśavṛttitvaṃ aparam Muktā.)

9) Distant; opposite. When अपर (apara) is used in the singular as a correlative to एक (eka) the one, former, it means the other, the latter; एको ययौ चैत्ररथप्रदेशान् सौराज्य- रम्यानपरो विदर्भान् (eko yayau caitrarathapradeśān saurājya- ramyānaparo vidarbhān) R.5.6; when used in pl. it means 'others', 'and others', and the words generally used as its correlatives are एके, केचित्-काश्चित् (eke, kecit-kāścit) &c., अपरे, अन्ये (apare, anye); केचिद् रक्तपटीकृताश्च जटिलाः कापालिकाश्चापरे (kecid raktapaṭīkṛtāśca jaṭilāḥ kāpālikāścāpare) Pt.4.34; एके समूहुर्बलरेणुसंहतिं शिरोभिराज्ञामपरे महीभृतः (eke samūhurbalareṇusaṃhatiṃ śirobhirājñāmapare mahībhṛtaḥ) Śi.12.45 some-others; शाखिनः केचिदध्यष्ठुर्न्यमाङ्क्षुरपरेऽम्बुधौ । अन्ये त्वलङ्घिषुः शैलान् गुहास्त्वन्ये न्यलेषत ॥ केचिदासिषत स्तब्धा भयात्केचिदघूर्णिषुः । उदतारिषुरम्भोधिं वानराः सेतुनापरे (śākhinaḥ kecidadhyaṣṭhurnyamāṅkṣurapare'mbudhau | anye tvalaṅghiṣuḥ śailān guhāstvanye nyaleṣata || kecidāsiṣata stabdhā bhayātkecidaghūrṇiṣuḥ | udatāriṣurambhodhiṃ vānarāḥ setunāpare) Bk. 15.31.33.

-raḥ 1 the hind foot of an elephant; बद्धापराणि परितो निगडान्यलावीत् (baddhāparāṇi parito nigaḍānyalāvīt) Śi.5.48 (Malli. caramapādāgrāṇi).

2) An enemy (na pṛṇāti santoṣayati).

-rā 1 Western direction, the west अपरां च दिशं प्राप्तो वालिना समभिद्रुतः (aparāṃ ca diśaṃ prāpto vālinā samabhidrutaḥ) Rām.4.46.18.

2) The hind part of an elephant.

3) Sacred learning, learning the four Vedas with the 6 Aṅgas.

4) The womb; the outer skin of the embryo.

5) Suppressed menstruation in pregnancy.

-rī Ved. The future, future times; उतापरीभ्यो मघवा विजिग्ये (utāparībhyo maghavā vijigye) Rv.1.32.13.

-ram 1 The future, any thing to be done in future (kārya); तदेतद्ब्रह्मापूर्वमपरमनन्तम् (tadetadbrahmāpūrvamaparamanantam) Bṛ. Ār. Up. (nāsti aparaṃ kāryaṃ yasya).

2) The hind quarter of an elephant.

-ram adv. Again, moreover, in future, for the future; अपरं च (aparaṃ ca) moreover; अपरेण (apareṇa) behind, west of, to the west of (with gen. or acc.). [cf. Goth. afar; Germ. aber, as in aberglauben].

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Apāra (अपार).—a.

1) Shoreless.

2) Boundless, unbounded, unlimited; अपारस्याप्रमेयस्य परं पारमुपाश्रिते (apārasyāprameyasya paraṃ pāramupāśrite) Rām. unfathomable, of great length

3) Inexhaustible, immense, great (adhika); अपारो वो महिमा (apāro vo mahimā) Rv.5.87.6.

4) Out of reach.

5) Difficult to be crossed; difficult to be surmounted or overcome (as an enemy); रावणश्च महाशत्रुर- पारः प्रतिभाति मे (rāvaṇaśca mahāśatrura- pāraḥ pratibhāti me) | Rām.

-raḥ An ocean; कर्णधार इवापारे भगवान्पारदर्शकः (karṇadhāra ivāpāre bhagavānpāradarśakaḥ) Bhāg.1.13.39.

-ram 1 A kind of mental satisfaction or acquiescence; or, reverse of mental acquiescence, non-acquiescence.

2) The opposite bank of a river.

-rā the earth.

-pāra a. Carrying over the boundless sea.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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