Subhadda, Subhaddā: 3 definitions


Subhadda means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Subhadda. One of the chief lay patrons of Dhammadassi Buddha. Bu.xvi.20.

2. Subhadda. A youth who joined the Order under Kondanna Buddha with ten thousand others, and became an arahant. He was the Buddhas aggasavaka. Bu.iii.30; J.i.30; BuA.111.

3. Subhadda. A yavapalaka who gave grass for his seat to Kakusandha Buddha. BuA.210.

4. Subhadda. Son of Upaka, the Ajivaka and Capa. ThigA.221; SNA.i.260.

5. Subhadda. A barber of Atuma. He entered the Order and resented having to observe various rules, great and small. When the Buddha died and the monks stood weeping, Subhadda asked them to rejoice instead, saying: We are well rid of the Mahasamana; we shall now do just as we like. Maha Kassapa heard this while he was on his way from Pava to Kusinara, and it was this remark which made him decide to hold the First Council after the Buddhas death (Vin.ii.284f; D.ii.162; Mhv.iii.6).

Subhadda had been a samanera at the time of the Buddhas visit to Atuma, and had two sons before he joined the Order. When he heard that the Buddha was coming, he sent for his two sons and gave orders for various foods to be collected to feed the Buddha and the twelve hundred and fifty monks. The Buddha arrived in the evening and took up his residence in Atuma. All night long Subhadda went about giving instructions regarding the preparation of the food. In the morning of the next day the Buddha went out for alms, and Subhadda approached him and invited him to partake of the food which he had prepared. But the Buddha questioned him, and, discovering what he had done, refused to accept the meal, forbidding the monks to do so too. This angered Subhadda, and he awaited an opportunity of expressing his disapproval of the Buddha. This opportunity came when he heard of the Buddhas death. DA.ii.599; cf. Vin.i.249f.

6. Subhadda Thera. He was a brahmin of high rank (of the udicca brahmana maha salakula), and, having become a Paribbajaka, was living in Kusinara when the Buddha went there on his last journey. Having heard that the Buddha would die in the third watch of the night, Subhadda went to the sala grove, where the Buddha lay on his death bed, and asked Ananda for permission to see him. But three times Ananda refused the request, saying that the Buddha was weary. The Buddha overheard the conversation and asked Subhadda to come in. Subhadda asked the Buddha if there were any truth in the teachings of other religious instructors. The Buddha said he had no time to discuss that, but that any system devoid of the Noble Eightfold Path was useless for salvation, and he taught Subhadda the Doctrine. Subhadda asked to be allowed to join the Order, and the Buddha gave Ananda special permission to admit him at once without waiting for the usual probationary period.

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1. Subhadda. Aggasavika of Revata Buddha. J.i.35;


context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Subhaddā or Subhaddācetiya refers to a building that once existed near Polonnaruva (Polonnaruwa), Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Parakkamabāhu I built the large monastery named the Ālāhana-pariveṇa. Its limits were marked by 10 boundary stones and it comprised:— (i) the Laṅkātilaka Image House of 5 storeys, decorated with figures of flowers, creepers, gods and brāhmas and enclosing acolossal, standing Image of the Buddha. Vijayabāhu IV restored the building. Its ruins still bear the same name; (ii) Rūpavatī Thūpa built by queen Rūpavatī of Parakkamabāhu I: this is probably the present Kiri-vehera; (iii) Subhaddā Cetiya; (iv) the Baddhasīmā-pāsāda, the Uposatha House of the Monastery, of 12 storeys, with turrets, apartments, halls and cells: its ruins have been conserved; (v) Khaṇḍasīmā, a sacred space; (vi) a Pāsāda, for the Mahāthera, of 3 storeys; and (vii) several other appurtenant and subsidiary buildings.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Subhadda (सुभद्द) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Subhadra.

2) Subhaddā (सुभद्दा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Subhadrā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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