Sharkara, aka: Śarkarā, Śārkara; 6 Definition(s)


Sharkara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śarkarā and Śārkara can be transliterated into English as Sarkara or Sharkara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Śarkarā (शर्करा) is a Sanskrit technical term translating in English to “sugar” (either granulated or candied) or “glucose”, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Śarkarā is “pebbles” and eventually became the word for hard sugar crystals (drained from syrup). The word became Shakra through the Persian language, Sukkar through the Arabic language, and in Europa it is now known as Sugar in the English language.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

Śarkarā (शर्करा) refers to “small pieces of broken earthenware”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.250)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra book cover
context information

Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Discover the meaning of sharkara or sarkara in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India


Śarkarā (शर्करा).—Sugar;1 an article for śrāddha.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 7. 13.
  • 2) Ib. 17. 30; 92. 2; 266. 51; 279. 9.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Śarkara (शर्कर) is a Sanskrit word referring to “gravel”, “gritty”, or it can refer to “a pebble”, “small stone”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śarkarā (शर्करा).—f (S) Sugar. 2 Gravel: also the disease of this name.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śarkarā (शर्करा).—f Sugar. Gravel.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 28 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śarkarāprabhā (शर्कराप्रभा) or simply Śarkarā refers to one of the seven lands (bhumī) or layer...
Śarkarāsaptamī (शर्करासप्तमी).—Name of an observance on the 7th day in the bright half of Vaiśā...
Śarkarādhenu (शर्कराधेनु).—a gift of sugar moulded in the shape of a cow; see शर्कराचल (śarkarā...
Khaṇḍaśarkarā (खण्डशर्करा).—candied sugar; दधिमण्डोदका दिव्याः खण्डशर्करवालुकाः (dadhimaṇḍodakā...
Guḍaśarkarā (गुडशर्करा).—refined sugar. Guḍaśarkarā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Vartmaśarkarā (वर्त्मशर्करा).—hard excrescences on the eyelids.Vartmaśarkarā is a Sanskrit comp...
Śoṇitaśarkarā (शोणितशर्करा).—sugar of honey.Śoṇitaśarkarā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of ...
Niḥśarkara (निःशर्कर).—-niḥśarkara a. free from pebbles (as a bathing place). Niḥśarkara is a S...
Jalaśarkarā (जलशर्करा).—A hailstone; तीव्रैर्मरुद्गणैर्नुन्ना ववृषुर्जलशर्कराः (tīvrairmarudgaṇ...
Bhasmaśarkara (भस्मशर्कर).—(probably) potash. Derivable forms: bhasmaśarkaraḥ (भस्मशर्करः).Bhas...
Mākṣikaśarkarā (माक्षिकशर्करा) or Mākṣīkaśarkarā (माक्षीकशर्करा).—candied sugar.Mākṣikaśarkarā ...
Sitaśarkarā (सितशर्करा).—candied sugar. Sitaśarkarā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Madhuśarkarā (मधुशर्करा).—honey-sugar. Madhuśarkarā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Ikṣu (इक्षु, “sugar”).—Sanskrit writers refer to a number of varieties of sugar, namely, Ikṣura...
Sthāna (स्थान) refers to one of the twelve limbs of the internal-corpus (aṅga-praviṣṭa). The Aṅ...

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