Sharkara, aka: Śarkarā, Śārkara; 9 Definition(s)


Sharkara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śarkarā and Śārkara can be transliterated into English as Sarkara or Sharkara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Sharkara in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śarkarā (शर्करा) is a Sanskrit technical term translating in English to “sugar” (either granulated or candied) or “glucose”, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Śarkarā is “pebbles” and eventually became the word for hard sugar crystals (drained from syrup). The word became Shakra through the Persian language, Sukkar through the Arabic language, and in Europa it is now known as Sugar in the English language.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śarkara (शर्कर) refers to “soil consisting predominantly of gravels”, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Śarkara], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Śarkara (शर्कर) refers to “(land) full of pebbles and pieces of limestone” and represents one of the twelve types of lands mentioned in the Amarakoṣa and classified according to fertility of the soil, irrigation and physical characteristics. Agriculture (kṛṣi) is frequently mentioned in India’s ancient literature.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Śarkarā (शर्करा) refers to “small pieces of broken earthenware”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.250)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sharkara in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śarkarā (शर्करा).—Sugar;1 an article for śrāddha.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 7. 13.
  • 2) Ib. 17. 30; 92. 2; 266. 51; 279. 9.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Sharkara in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śarkara (शर्कर) is a Sanskrit word referring to “gravel”, “gritty”, or it can refer to “a pebble”, “small stone”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Sharkara in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

śarkarā (शर्करा).—f (S) Sugar. 2 Gravel: also the disease of this name.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śarkarā (शर्करा).—f Sugar. Gravel.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sharkara in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śarkarā (शर्करा).—[śṝ-karan kasya netvam Uṇ.4.3]

1) Candied sugar; द्राक्षा म्लानमुखी जाता शर्करा चाश्मतां गता । सुभाषित- रसस्याग्रे सुधा भीता दिवं गता (drākṣā mlānamukhī jātā śarkarā cāśmatāṃ gatā | subhāṣita- rasasyāgre sudhā bhītā divaṃ gatā) || Subhāṣ.

2) A pebble, gravel, small stone; पादुकान्तरप्रविष्टेव शर्करा (pādukāntarapraviṣṭeva śarkarā) Mk.5.

3) Gravelly mould; Mb.12.192.1 (com. śarkarāḥ karkarasahitā mṛt).

4) Soil abounding in stony fragments, sand; अशर्करामविभ्रंशां समतीर्थामशैवलाम् (aśarkarāmavibhraṃśāṃ samatīrthāmaśaivalām) (puṣkariṇīm) Rām.3.73.11; सूपतीर्थां शुचिजलां शर्करापङ्कवर्जिताम् (sūpatīrthāṃ śucijalāṃ śarkarāpaṅkavarjitām) Mb.5.152.7; Bhāg.7.15.17.

5) A piece, fragment; कठिनकुचतटाग्रपाति पश्चादथ शतशर्करतां जगाम तासाम् (kaṭhinakucataṭāgrapāti paścādatha śataśarkaratāṃ jagāma tāsām) Śi.7.69.

6) A potshered.

7) Any hard particle, as in जलशर्करा (jalaśarkarā) a nodule of water; i. e. hail.

8) The disease called gravel.

9) Golden earth; ह्रद इव तिमिनागसंवृतः स्तिमितजलो मणिशङ्खशर्करः (hrada iva timināgasaṃvṛtaḥ stimitajalo maṇiśaṅkhaśarkaraḥ) Rām.2.81.16. (com. śarkarāḥ suvarṇa- khanimṛttikāḥ).

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Śārkara (शार्कर).—a. (- f.) [शर्करा अण् (śarkarā aṇ)]

1) Made of sugar, sugary.

2) Stony, gravelly; P.V.2.15.

-raḥ 1 A gravelly place.

2) The froth or scum of milk.

3) Cream.

4) Molasses.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 51 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śarkarāprabhā (शर्कराप्रभा) or simply Śarkarā refers to one of the seven lands (bhumī) or layer...
Śarkarāsaptamī (शर्करासप्तमी).—Name of an observance on the 7th day in the bright half of Vaiśā...
Śarkarādhenu (शर्कराधेनु).—a gift of sugar moulded in the shape of a cow; see शर्कराचल (śarkarā...
Śarkarācala (शर्कराचल).—1) the ceremonial 'mountain of sugar' (a heap measuring eight Bhāras) g...
Vartmaśarkarā (वर्त्मशर्करा).—hard excrescences on the eyelids.Vartmaśarkarā is a Sanskrit comp...
Triśarkarā (त्रिशर्करा).—three kinds of sugar (guḍotpannā, himotthā, and madhurā). Triśarkarā i...
Mākṣikaśarkarā (माक्षिकशर्करा) or Mākṣīkaśarkarā (माक्षीकशर्करा).—candied sugar.Mākṣikaśarkarā ...
Dantaśarkarā (दन्तशर्करा).—tartar of the teeth. Dantaśarkarā is a Sanskrit compound consisting ...
Kaṭaśarkarā (कटशर्करा).—1) a fragment of a mat broken off or of straw. 2) Name of a plant, (gāṅ...
Sitaśarkarā (सितशर्करा).—candied sugar. Sitaśarkarā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Sūkṣmaśarkarā (सूक्ष्मशर्करा).—small gravel, sand. Sūkṣmaśarkarā is a Sanskrit compound consist...
Guḍaśarkarā (गुडशर्करा).—refined sugar. Guḍaśarkarā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Madhuśarkarā (मधुशर्करा).—honey-sugar. Madhuśarkarā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Niḥśarkara (निःशर्कर).—-niḥśarkara a. free from pebbles (as a bathing place). Niḥśarkara is a S...
Śoṇitaśarkarā (शोणितशर्करा).—sugar of honey.Śoṇitaśarkarā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of ...

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