Sharnga, aka: Śārṅga; 7 Definition(s)


Sharnga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śārṅga can be transliterated into English as Sarnga or Sharnga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Śārṅga (शार्ङ्ग, “bow”):—One of the nine symbols representing the cosmic principles of the universe, according to the Pāñcarātra literature. These nine weapons and ornaments symbolize the principles which they represent as the presiding deity. The Bow (śārṅga) represents tāmasic ahaṃkāra (‘the mind’).

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Śārṅga (शार्ङ्ग) is another name for Śṛṅgavera, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Zingiber officinale (fresh ginger). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.24-28), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sharnga in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śārṅga (शार्ङ्ग).—Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s bow. The following facts about the bow are gathered from the Mahābhārata.

(i) When Kṛṣṇa exhibited his Viśvarūpa (cosmic form) in the assembly of the Kauravas he had held in one hand this bow. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 131, Verse 10).

(ii) Kṛṣṇa’s Śārṅga is on a par with Indra’s bow called Vijaya. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 158, Verse 4).

(iii) Śārṅga is one of the three divine bows. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 158, Verse 5).

(iv) Śārṅga was made by Brahmā and presented to Kṛṣṇa. (Mahābhārata Southern text, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 141).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Śārṅga (शार्ङ्ग).—The bow of Hari, reached Kṛṣṇa during Jarāsandha's siege of Mathurā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 6. 39; X. 50. 11 [13], 23; XII. 11. 15.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Śārṅga (शार्ङ्ग) refers to the bow of Viṣṇu. It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Śārṅga (शार्ङ्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to the bow of Lord Kṛṣṇa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śārṅga (शार्ङ्ग).—a.

1) Made of horn, horny.

2) Having a bow, armed with a bow; Bk.8.123.

-rṅgaḥ, -rṅgam 1 A bow (in general); शार्ङ्गाकर्षावमुक्तप्रशिथिलकविका प्रग्रहेणात्र देशे (śārṅgākarṣāvamuktapraśithilakavikā pragraheṇātra deśe) Mu. 6.9; Bk.8.123.

2) The bow of Viṣṇu; शार्ङ्गं पुनर्धनुर्दिव्यं विष्णोः परममायुधम् (śārṅgaṃ punardhanurdivyaṃ viṣṇoḥ paramamāyudham) Dhanur.44; शार्ङ्गं धनुर्मित्रमिव द्रढीयः (śārṅgaṃ dhanurmitramiva draḍhīyaḥ) Śi. 3.2.

-śārṅgaḥ [śṛṇāteḥ gaṇ śakunau Uṇ.1.118] A bird; also शार्ङ्गकः (śārṅgakaḥ); तस्मिन् वने दह्यमाने षडग्निर्न ददाह च । अश्वसेनं मयं चैव चतुरः शार्ङ्गकांस्तथा (tasmin vane dahyamāne ṣaḍagnirna dadāha ca | aśvasenaṃ mayaṃ caiva caturaḥ śārṅgakāṃstathā) || Mb.1.228.47.

-rṅgam Wet ginger.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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