Sharngin, Śārṅgin: 10 definitions


Sharngin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śārṅgin can be transliterated into English as Sarngin or Sharngin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Consecration Rituals in South Asia (H)

Śārṅgin (शार्ङ्गिन्).—Amarakośa 1.1.19 (or 1.1.14) lists Śārṅgin as one of the names of Viṣṇu, and probably means Kṛṣṇa, as Śārṅga is Kṛṣṇa’s bow in the Mahābhārata.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: WikiPedia: Jainism

Śārṅgin (शार्ङ्गिन्) is another name for the nine Viṣṇus (or Vāsudevas, Nārāyaṇas), referring to the set of nine “heroes” and counterpart of the antagonistic Prativāsudevas (or Prativiṣṇus, Pratinārāyaṇas), mentioned in both Śvetāmbara and Digambara literature.—In every half time cycle, there are 9 sets of Balabhadras (gentle heroes), Vasudevas (violent heroes) and Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes). Unlike in the Hindu Puranas, the names Balabhadra and Narayana are not restricted to Balarama and Krishna in Jain Puranas. Instead they serve as names of two distinct classes of mighty half brothers, who appear nine times in each half of the time cycles of the Jain cosmology and jointly rule half the earth as half-chakravarti. Ultimately Pratinaryana is killed by Narayana for his unrighteousness and immorality.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śārṅgin (शार्ङ्गिन्).—m.

1) An archer, a bowman.

2) An epithet of Viṣṇu; धर्मसंरक्षणार्थैव प्रवृत्तिर्भुवि शार्ङ्गिणः (dharmasaṃrakṣaṇārthaiva pravṛttirbhuvi śārṅgiṇaḥ) R.15.4;12.7; Meghadūta 47.

3) Of Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārṅgin (शार्ङ्गिन्).—m. (-rṅgī) 1. A bowyer, an archer. 2. Vishnu. E. śārṅga a bow, ini poss. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārṅgin (शार्ङ्गिन्).—i. e. śārṅga + in, m. 1. An archer. 2. Viṣṇu, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 47.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārṅgin (शार्ङ्गिन्).—[masculine] = śārṅgadhanurdhara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śārṅgin (शार्ङ्गिन्):—[from śārṅga] m. ‘bowman, archer’, Name of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

2) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārṅgin (शार्ङ्गिन्):—(rṅgī) 5. m. An archer; Vishnu.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śārṅgin (शार्ङ्गिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sāraṃgi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sharngin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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